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The Sonnet

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  • The English sonnet is also known as the Shakespearean sonnet, NOT the Spenserian, as noted in this presentation.
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The Sonnet

  1. 1. The Sonnet Characteristics and Types
  2. 2. Characteristics 14 lines Specific rhyme scheme Basic meter is usually iambic pentameter (10 syllables following the pattern of unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable)
  3. 3. Types English (Shakespearean) Sonnet Petrarchan Sonnet Spenserian Sonnet
  4. 4. English (Spenserian) Sonnet Rhyme Scheme: ababcdcdefefgg Made up of 3 quatrains and a couplet  Quatrain – 4 lines  Couplet – 2 lines (rhyming) Each quatrain is a unit of thought: They kind of operate like a paragraph would in prose writing The concluding couplet makes some comment about the quatrains before it.
  5. 5. Petrarchan Sonnet Rhyme Scheme: abbaabbacdcdcd Divided into an octave (eight lines) and a sestet (six lines) The first eight lines are related in content Line nine is called “The Turn”  Shift in rhyme pattern  Change in subject matter
  6. 6. Spenserian Sonnet Rhyme Scheme: ababbcbccdcdee Format  Similar to English Sonnet’s Format  12 line problem  2 line solution (closing couplet)
  7. 7. Spenserian Sonnet Rhyme Scheme: ababbcbccdcdee Format  Similar to English Sonnet’s Format  12 line problem  2 line solution (closing couplet)

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