Assistive Technologyin a Severe Special Education         Classroom       Lauren Costa, M.Ed, LICSW
Definition of Assistive∗ “Assistive technology device means any item,  piece of equipment, or product system,  whether acqu...
Types of Assistive Technology            Used∗   Positioning and Mobility∗   Communication∗   Sensory Integration∗   Leisu...
Assistive Technology –      Positioning and Mobility∗   Orthotics∗   Wheelchairs∗   Walkers & Gait Trainers∗   Standers∗  ...
Orthotics∗ Orthosis: a brace that supports any part of the  body through any of the following means:  ∗ Helps eliminate pa...
“AFO”                                       ∗ Ankle Foot Orthosis                                       ∗ Controls the mov...
“Body Jacket”      ∗ TLSO Brace – Thoracic        Lumbar Sacral Orthosis      ∗ Commonly used with        children who hav...
Wheelchairs     ∗ Promotion of       Independence     ∗ Things to consider:       ∗ Classroom layout       ∗ Safety naviga...
Walkers & Gait Trainers∗ Walkers    ∗ Individualized support    ∗ Child uses legs to hold their      weight∗ Gait Trainers...
Standers∗ Academic Benefits    ∗   Access materials∗ Social Benefits    ∗   Same level as peers∗ Physical Benefits    ∗ Stron...
Toileting Systems∗ Things to consider:  ∗ Storage  ∗ Increased time for    toileting needs  ∗ Privacy Concerns∗ Picture Pr...
Recreational Seating∗ Commonly used for  Leisure Activities∗ Things to consider:  ∗ Independence Level  ∗ Age Appropriaten...
Assistive Technology –      Communication Aids∗ Augmentative & Alternative Communication  (AAC)∗ AAC Devices & Methodologi...
Definition of Augmentative & Alternative Communication∗ “Methods of communication other than oral  speech that enhance or r...
Picture Exchange Communication          System (PECS)∗ Developed in 1985 by Andrew S. Bondy, Ph.D.  & Lori Frost, M.S., CC...
Picture Exchange Communication          System (PECS)∗ Six Phases of PECS   1. How to      Communicate   2. Distance &    ...
Picture Exchange Communication          System (PECS)∗ Video Describing the Six Phases of PECS ∗ http://www.youtube.com/wa...
Dynamic Displays∗ Use selects from an array of categories of  pictures for the communication of messages,  ideas, wishes, ...
Dynamic Displays - DynaVox
Two Successful DynaVox∗ Sara Pyszka ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VlC8G5nNE7k∗ Augie Nieto ∗ http://www.youtube.com/wat...
Auditory Scanning∗ Form of dynamic display∗ Provides an oral choice  from which the  communicator can select  a topic, let...
Assisted Auditory Scanning∗ Video of Partner Assisted Auditory Scanning  ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pLb6-Oi3uR0
Facilitated Communication (FC) /         Supported Typing ∗ Individual uses pointing (pictures, letters,   objects) or typ...
Assistive Technology – Sensory          Integration∗ Providing students with the  opportunity to experience the  world in ...
Assistive Technology – Leisure/  Access to the Environment∗ Switches∗ Video about Switch Use  ∗ http://    www.youtube.com...
Assistive Technology – Leisure/  Access to the Environment∗ Video about Teaching  Cooking with Safe  Cooking Tools∗ http:/...
Assistive Technology -∗ Environmental Print  Materials∗ Edmark Reading Program∗ Powerpoint Books∗ Boardmaker Materials∗ Re...
Assistive Technology -∗   Pencil Grips∗   Enlarged Keyboard∗   Graphic Organizers∗   Paper holder∗   Small White boards∗ P...
Resources∗ PECS Website: http://www.pecs.com/∗ DynaVox Website: http://  www.dynavoxtech.com/default.aspx?  s_kwcid=TC|161...
Resources Continued∗ Article about Therapy Balls: http://  life.gaiam.com/article/how-sitting-ball-helps-  kids-focus-and-...
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Assistive technology in a severe special education classroom presentation 1

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  • Based on what I have used in my classroom + Introduction of self – Severe Special Ed. Teacher at middle school…autism, downs, cp, etc.\n
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  • Assistive technology in a severe special education classroom presentation 1

    1. 1. Assistive Technologyin a Severe Special Education Classroom Lauren Costa, M.Ed, LICSW
    2. 2. Definition of Assistive∗ “Assistive technology device means any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability. The term does not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, or the replacement of that device.”
    3. 3. Types of Assistive Technology Used∗ Positioning and Mobility∗ Communication∗ Sensory Integration∗ Leisure/Access to the Environment∗ Reading∗ Writing
    4. 4. Assistive Technology – Positioning and Mobility∗ Orthotics∗ Wheelchairs∗ Walkers & Gait Trainers∗ Standers∗ Bathroom Chairs∗ Recreational Seating
    5. 5. Orthotics∗ Orthosis: a brace that supports any part of the body through any of the following means: ∗ Helps eliminate pain or further injury through immobilization ∗ Supports non-functional parts of the body ∗ Controls the motion of a functional body part∗ Common Orthotics ∗ AFO ∗ Body Jacket
    6. 6. “AFO” ∗ Ankle Foot Orthosis ∗ Controls the movement of the foot and ankle ∗ Commonly used for children with Cerebral Palsy and Muscular∗ Picture & Information Provided by: Dystrophy http:// ∗ May be used to maintain www.eagleorthopaedics.com/ ortho.html a good position of the foot while seated or to
    7. 7. “Body Jacket” ∗ TLSO Brace – Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Orthosis ∗ Commonly used with children who have curvature in the spine ∗ Halts progression of scoliosis by correcting posture by supporting the shoulders, back and abdomen ∗ Picture Provided by: http://
    8. 8. Wheelchairs ∗ Promotion of Independence ∗ Things to consider: ∗ Classroom layout ∗ Safety navigating classroom & hallway ∗ Picture Provided by: http:// wheelchairassistance.com/ power-wheelchair/head-
    9. 9. Walkers & Gait Trainers∗ Walkers ∗ Individualized support ∗ Child uses legs to hold their weight∗ Gait Trainers ∗ Equipment holds child’s weight so that child may use legs ∗ Opportunity to move using feet ∗ Seat, harness & accessory supports∗ Picture Provided By: http:// tadpoleadaptive.com/rifton-pacer-
    10. 10. Standers∗ Academic Benefits ∗ Access materials∗ Social Benefits ∗ Same level as peers∗ Physical Benefits ∗ Strong bones ∗ Increased flexibility ∗ Decreases tension & constipation ∗ Improves breathing & digestion∗ Picture and Information Provided by: http://tadpoleadaptive.com/standers.html
    11. 11. Toileting Systems∗ Things to consider: ∗ Storage ∗ Increased time for toileting needs ∗ Privacy Concerns∗ Picture Provided by: http:// tadpoleadaptive.com/rifton- small-toilet-system-2.html
    12. 12. Recreational Seating∗ Commonly used for Leisure Activities∗ Things to consider: ∗ Independence Level ∗ Age Appropriateness∗ Picture Provided by: http:// tadpoleadaptive.com/special- tomato-mps-push-chair-kit- small-1.html
    13. 13. Assistive Technology – Communication Aids∗ Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC)∗ AAC Devices & Methodologies ∗ Communication Aids – Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) ∗ Dynamic Displays ∗ Auditory Scanning ∗ Facilitated Communication
    14. 14. Definition of Augmentative & Alternative Communication∗ “Methods of communication other than oral speech that enhance or replace conventional forms of expressive and receptive communication to facilitate interaction by and with persons with disabilities who are nonverbal or have limited speech” ∗ MA Educator Licensure and Preparation Program
    15. 15. Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)∗ Developed in 1985 by Andrew S. Bondy, Ph.D. & Lori Frost, M.S., CCC/SLP∗ Intervention for individuals with autism and related developmental disabilities∗ Created for families, resident care providers & educators so that it may be used in a range of settings∗ Based on B.F. Skinner’s book, Verbal Behavior ∗ Utilizes prompting & reinforcement strategies
    16. 16. Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)∗ Six Phases of PECS 1. How to Communicate 2. Distance & Persistence 3. Picture Discrimination 4. Sentence Structure 5. Answering
    17. 17. Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)∗ Video Describing the Six Phases of PECS ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=NbZhcyXfaNo&feature=related∗ Video of PECS Phase One ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=TxNR_jePRj8&feature=fvwrel
    18. 18. Dynamic Displays∗ Use selects from an array of categories of pictures for the communication of messages, ideas, wishes, comments, needs, etc.∗ Voice output available∗ Unlike PECS, the user communicates through display rather than exchange
    19. 19. Dynamic Displays - DynaVox
    20. 20. Two Successful DynaVox∗ Sara Pyszka ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VlC8G5nNE7k∗ Augie Nieto ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=gDKFNqrmtZ4
    21. 21. Auditory Scanning∗ Form of dynamic display∗ Provides an oral choice from which the communicator can select a topic, letter, etc.∗ Used for those who cannot access tangible symbols, pictures, or a voice output communication device∗ Picture Provided By: http://
    22. 22. Assisted Auditory Scanning∗ Video of Partner Assisted Auditory Scanning ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pLb6-Oi3uR0
    23. 23. Facilitated Communication (FC) / Supported Typing ∗ Individual uses pointing (pictures, letters, objects) or typing (keyboard) to express him/ herself ∗ Involved communication partner for emotional encouragement, behavior support, and physical support to assist individual in developing independence ∗ Video of Tim Chan ∗ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=279h9QJ9ptw
    24. 24. Assistive Technology – Sensory Integration∗ Providing students with the opportunity to experience the world in a new way ∗ Therapy balls ∗ Squishy items (dog toys) ∗ Stretches∗ Video about Multisensory Room & Therapeutic Listening ∗ http://www.youtube.com/ watch? v=2Ip_ezmqfGo&feature=relat ed
    25. 25. Assistive Technology – Leisure/ Access to the Environment∗ Switches∗ Video about Switch Use ∗ http:// www.youtube.com/ watch? v=x0CVVnw2s94&feat ure=related∗ Picture Provided By:http://www.thesensorycompany.co.uk/
    26. 26. Assistive Technology – Leisure/ Access to the Environment∗ Video about Teaching Cooking with Safe Cooking Tools∗ http:// www.youtube.com/ watch?v=IRYFWa- vNFw&feature=related∗ Picture Provided By: http:// disabilitiesnews.blogspot.com/ 2011/11/students-sharpen-
    27. 27. Assistive Technology -∗ Environmental Print Materials∗ Edmark Reading Program∗ Powerpoint Books∗ Boardmaker Materials∗ Red Light/Green Light∗ Place Holders∗ Picture Provided By: http:// www.donjohnston.com/products/ edmark/index.html
    28. 28. Assistive Technology -∗ Pencil Grips∗ Enlarged Keyboard∗ Graphic Organizers∗ Paper holder∗ Small White boards∗ Picture Provided By: http:// frontporchphotography.com/ services/page-ups/
    29. 29. Resources∗ PECS Website: http://www.pecs.com/∗ DynaVox Website: http:// www.dynavoxtech.com/default.aspx? s_kwcid=TC|16134|dynavox||S|e| 15960397510&gclid=CKvnu- OrgLECFUITNAodITS-Aw∗ Syracuse University – Supported Typing: http:// soe.syr.edu/centers_institutes/ institute_communication_inclusion/ what_is_supported_typing/default.aspx
    30. 30. Resources Continued∗ Article about Therapy Balls: http:// life.gaiam.com/article/how-sitting-ball-helps- kids-focus-and-do-better-school

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