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Using Mobile Technology to Differentiate Instruction


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Using Mobile Technology to Differentiate Instruction

  1. 1. Using Mobile Technology to Differentiate Instruction                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
  2. 2. <ul><li>Presentation: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>More resources: http:// mobiletech . wikispaces .com </li></ul>
  3. 3. Research <ul><li>Indiana University’s High School Survey of Student Engagement </li></ul><ul><li>2 of 3 students report being bored in school every day </li></ul><ul><li>31% are bored because of “no interaction with teacher” </li></ul><ul><li>75% are bored because “the material wasn’t interesting” </li></ul><ul><li>40% are bored because “the material wasn’t relevant” </li></ul>Source: Yazzie-Mintz, Ethan. “Voices of Students on Engagement: A Report on the 2006 High School Survey of Student Engagement.” Indiana University, Center for Evaluation and Education Policy. February 28, 2007. < HSSSE_2006_Report.pdf>.
  4. 4. Consequences <ul><li>The results of a lack of student engagement are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Below grade level performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High absenteeism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High drop out rates </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Premise <ul><li>A textbook is not the best tool to differentiate instruction. </li></ul>                                                                                                              
  6. 6. <ul><li>What one teacher said to me: </li></ul><ul><li>“ We don’t really use our textbooks except to flip through the pictures, because the content is not appropriate for our kids.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Need for Differentiation <ul><li>Our students are coming to us with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different backgrounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different ability levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different reading levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different language proficiencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different learning styles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Textbooks are not working for many students </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiating instruction is the only way to give all students a chance at success </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pedagogical Features of Differentiation <ul><li>Student choice for process and product </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple resources for different needs </li></ul><ul><li>Information chunks </li></ul><ul><li>Language support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked glossaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different levels of text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Graphic organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple practice opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia = Engagement </li></ul>
  9. 9. How Can Technology Help? <ul><li>There are 30+ of them and only one of you! </li></ul><ul><li>Computers, especially mobile devices, are one potential solution to this. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate tutorials, practice activities, mini-lessons, and projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inexpensive </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Technology Options <ul><li>Laptop computers </li></ul><ul><li>Netbooks </li></ul><ul><li>Ebook readers </li></ul><ul><li>Handhelds </li></ul><ul><li>MP3 players (including iPods) </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile video players (including iPods) </li></ul><ul><li>Cell phones </li></ul>
  11. 11. Benefits of Mobile Technology <ul><li>Easier to integrate </li></ul><ul><li>Brings equity for students who don’t have access to technology at home </li></ul><ul><li>Lower cost </li></ul><ul><li>Gives privacy for students to learn at their own pace </li></ul>
  12. 12. Implementation Model Options <ul><li>One-to-one </li></ul><ul><li>Shared resource </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As a station for structured centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As an open station for individual or group work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Check out” basis </li></ul></ul>                                                                                                              
  13. 13. An Approach that Works <ul><li>Identify a grade level and curriculum area. </li></ul><ul><li>Start with the existing content objectives and current curriculum (standards, textbooks, instructional resources). </li></ul><ul><li>Look at which student objectives are most critical and which mobile technologies lend themselves to those objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop or adapt materials for those tools based on current curriculum. (Don’t forget copyright!) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Software, Content, and Lessons
  15. 15. Tools to Differentiate Instruction and Engage Students <ul><li>Ebooks </li></ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual field trips </li></ul><ul><li>Talking chalkboard and talking PowerPoint presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Worksheets and practice activities </li></ul><ul><li>Quizzes and tests </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul>                                                                                           
  16. 16. Ebooks <ul><li>Electronic books </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible content presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Display options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to interact with text through hyperlinks, highlighting, dictionary support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text-to-speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign language support </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Scaffolding in Ebooks
  18. 19. Audio Ebooks <ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research shows that audio books are effective for improving reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate for a variety of special needs students </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Mini-Movies <ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia is highly engaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriately sized “chunks” of instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitates multiple viewings </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Kindergarten Letter Sounds and Sight Words
  21. 24. Middle School Math – Movies
  22. 25. Middle School Math – Ebooks
  23. 26. Middle School Math – Practice and Assessment
  24. 27. Writing Project – Grammar Instruction
  25. 28. Podcasts <ul><li>Multimedia files posted and distributed online; can “subscribe” to receive automatically </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of free content available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide variety of content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be played on many platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows “time shifting” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great tool for student project creation </li></ul></ul>
  26. 29. The Fastest 3 Minutes in Podcasting <ul><li>Grammar Girl </li></ul><ul><li>Books Talks </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Williamsburg </li></ul><ul><li>Quirks and Quarks </li></ul><ul><li>LD Podcast </li></ul><ul><li>ColeyCast – Tovashal Elem. </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown – Jamestown Elem. </li></ul><ul><li>WKSN – Kate Sullivan Elem. </li></ul><ul><li>CarverCast – GW Carver Elem. CarverCast.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Our City – St. Andrew's Priory School OurCity </li></ul><ul><li>Radio WillowWeb – Willowdale Elem. radio </li></ul><ul><li>Room 208 – Wells Elem. </li></ul>
  27. 30. Writing Project – Graphic Organizers <ul><li>Used for brainstorming, prewriting, notetaking </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile platform encourages use and kids write more </li></ul><ul><li>Outlining feature helps develop organization and detailed supports </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer to Word improves student writing </li></ul>
  28. 31. Persuasive Writing
  29. 33. Web 2.0 Collaboration Tools <ul><li>Google Docs </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Social networks </li></ul>
  30. 34. Mobile Phones <ul><li>Whether we like it or not, kids have phones. Perhaps we should start looking at ways to use them for learning. </li></ul><ul><li>A computer in every kids’ pocket? </li></ul><ul><li>Smart phones vs. “not smart” phones </li></ul>
  31. 35. Mobile Blogging <ul><li>Text </li></ul><ul><li>Photo </li></ul><ul><li>Voice </li></ul><ul><li>Educational applications </li></ul>
  32. 36. Text Messaging <ul><li>Google SMS A mobile dictionary and more Text “define mobile” to 466453 </li></ul><ul><li>Instant response system Poll Everywhere Text in your response </li></ul><ul><li>VoiceThread </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital story telling </li></ul></ul>
  33. 37. “We don’t have time!” <ul><li>Make sure your standards and content drive the process </li></ul><ul><li>Look for existing resources </li></ul><ul><li>Tap into instructional materials and NCLB $ </li></ul><ul><li>Have students help create the content </li></ul>
  34. 38. <ul><li>Karen Fasimpaur </li></ul><ul><li>K12 Handhelds </li></ul><ul><li>email: </li></ul><ul><li>web: </li></ul><ul><li>phone: 800-679-2226 </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>Graphics reprinted with permission from