Syria media


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Syria media

  1. 1. Syria
  2. 2. Political State/Organization of the Country Alawite Elite Civil War Arab Spring.
  3. 3. Media Institutions 1 major TV and radio broadcaster- ORTAS 3 government owned press- Al-Baath, AlThawra and Tishrin. Films are government controlled and are mainly propaganda orientated. All official websites must be hosted inside Syria. November internet shutdown showed that many of its sites also maintain hosts outside of Syria.
  4. 4. Freedom of Speech Law Government controlled Do not cover criticism of the President or his policies State run journalists practice self censorship 5 journalists have been killed, 21 journalists, 1 media assistant and 18 netizens have been imprisoned.
  5. 5. Censorship 2012: US-based committee to protect journalists raked Syria as the most dangerous place in the world for journalists. 28 journalists killed in combat or targeted for murder by government or opposition forces.
  6. 6. Media The government and ruling party own and control most of broadcast and print media Traditional media outlets do not carry any criticism of the president Journalists practice self-censorship The 3 main newspapers are all state-run Privately owned titles are predominantly operated by figures with good government connections After 2011 revolt, opposition activists began to publish hand-outs and weekly A4 sized papers
  7. 7. TV TV is Syria’s most popular medium TV is Syria’s most popular medium State-run TV lost much of its satellite broadcasting capacity in 2012 when leading operators, including Eutelsat and Egypt’s Nilesat, suspended carriage of its networks Eutelsat has accused Syria of jamming satellite TV transmissions, affecting broadcasts from BBC and other outlets
  8. 8. Social Media June 2012: 5 million internet users in Syria Web emerged as a vehicle for dissent Anti-regime activists use social media and online video platforms to tell the world about their protests. YouTube is often used. (The video published by the ex Syrian rebel used on the Daily Mail website) Social media helped to break the taboos that prevent any criticism of the president and ruling The Syrian Facebook scene is predominantly used to mock the Assad government Authorities try to censor the internet by blocking global websites such as Facebook and YouTube Syria experienced a two-day internet shutdown in late 2012. Officials blamed "terrorists", but IT websites reckoned that the move was a deliberate government exercise
  9. 9. Citizen Journalism
  10. 10. Links