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Test Automation - Keytorc Approach

This document discusses test automation approaches and best practices. It defines test automation as using software to perform test activities like execution and checking results. The document outlines how test automation fits into the software development lifecycle and notes that reducing manual testing and redundant tasks is key to success. It also discusses factors to consider for test automation, types of tests that can be automated, and technologies used for test automation like object-based and image-based recognition.

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Test Automation Approach
Definitions for Test Automation
 In software testing, test automation is the use of
special software (separate from the software being
tested) to control the execution of tests and the
comparison of actual outcomes to predicted
outcomes. Test automation can automate some
repetitive but necessary tasks in a formalized testing
process already in place, or add additional testing
that would be difficult to perform manually.

 Test automation is; the use of software to perform or
support test activities, e.g. Test management, test
design, test execution and results checking.
Best Practices World Wide
Test Automation in Software Delevopment Lifecycle

Performance,
simulator
Acceptance
tools

Requirement
specification

test

Architectural
design
Test design
tools:
Logical design tools
Physical design tools

Management
tools

Test execution
& comparison
tools

Detailed
design

Static
analysis
tools:

System test

Integration
test

Code

Unit test

Coverage
tools

Dynamic
analysis
tools

Debugging
tools
Key to Success

The major key to the success of
Test Automation:

“To reduce manual testing activities and
redundant test operations using a
systematic solution to achieve a better
testing coverage.”
Test Automation Decision
Test Execution Period ? (Frequency)
Maturity & Maintenance Effort ? (Cost)
Required Technology ? (Cost, Technology)
Cross-platform Support and Reusability ? (Cost, Modularity)

Mismatch between Automated and Manual Application Behavior ? (User Experience)
Are the Scenarios Automatable?

Test Execution Period

Not Possible

Whenever
Possible

Regularly

Once in a
While

Costs Much

Costs Little

Recommended

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Test Automation - Keytorc Approach

  • 2. Definitions for Test Automation  In software testing, test automation is the use of special software (separate from the software being tested) to control the execution of tests and the comparison of actual outcomes to predicted outcomes. Test automation can automate some repetitive but necessary tasks in a formalized testing process already in place, or add additional testing that would be difficult to perform manually.  Test automation is; the use of software to perform or support test activities, e.g. Test management, test design, test execution and results checking.
  • 4. Test Automation in Software Delevopment Lifecycle Performance, simulator Acceptance tools Requirement specification test Architectural design Test design tools: Logical design tools Physical design tools Management tools Test execution & comparison tools Detailed design Static analysis tools: System test Integration test Code Unit test Coverage tools Dynamic analysis tools Debugging tools
  • 5. Key to Success The major key to the success of Test Automation: “To reduce manual testing activities and redundant test operations using a systematic solution to achieve a better testing coverage.”
  • 6. Test Automation Decision Test Execution Period ? (Frequency) Maturity & Maintenance Effort ? (Cost) Required Technology ? (Cost, Technology) Cross-platform Support and Reusability ? (Cost, Modularity) Mismatch between Automated and Manual Application Behavior ? (User Experience) Are the Scenarios Automatable? Test Execution Period Not Possible Whenever Possible Regularly Once in a While Costs Much Costs Little
  • 7. Test Automation Lifecycle Regression Test Development Test Execution Only Once Maintenance As Much As Needed / Periodic Test Planning Test Design Test Execution Test Closure Maintenance • Aut. Decision • Test Design • Test Execution • Test Reporting • Tool Selection • Test Script Generation • Defect Detection • Defect Reporting • Quality Ratio Announcement • Test Script Update • Test Data Update • Test Tool Maintenance • Test Coverage • Schedule & Frequency • Effort Est. • Test Data Preparation
  • 8. Test Automation vs. Test Types Functional testing Regression testing Compatibility testing Endurance testing Load testing Localization testing Performance testing Recovery testing Security testing Scalability testing Stress testing Usability testing Volume testing Installability testing
  • 11. Test Automation Architecture Pre-Condition System State System Under Test Post-Condition System State
  • 12. Object-Based Recognition Advantages Very flexible controls Deep-dive automation chance Not sensitive for mature applications Disadvantages Platform dependent Unified control handicap Have maintenance issues for low quality code
  • 13. Image-Based Recognition Advantages Automates everything appears on screen Platform independent Valid for web, desktop and mobile Easy-to-use Disadvantages Cannot automate non-GUI software Extremely-sensitive to screen properties Less flexible than object-based recognition
  • 14. Test Automation – Case Study 500 manual test cases/platform 40% Automation Ratio 200 automated test scripts/platform 52 Distinctive Runs/Year Regular Regression Tests - Weekly Source: Based on 200 automated regression test scripts
  • 15. Test Automation – Case Study Source: Based on 200 automated regression test scripts
  • 16. Test Automation – Case Study Source: Based on 200 automated regression test scripts
  • 17. Test Automation – Case Study 56% total test effort reduction 66% head-count reduction 20% decline on UAT defects 10% decline on Live defects Prevention of operational blindness Reusability & Frequency Less dependency on domain knowledge Ease of rotation Flexibility for weekly deployments Source: Based on 200 automated regression test scripts
  • 19. + More than 350 corporate clients… Testing Center of Excellence Test Automation Services Performance Testing Services Test Maturity Assessments (TMMi, TPI, customized) Value-added Outsourcing Service Level Agreements ISTQB Certified Test Engineers ISTQB Foundation Level ISTQB Advanced Level Test Analyst Technical Test Analyst Test Manager Test Automation Course Performance Testing Course Mobile Testing Course Usability Testing Course
  • 20. + + Turkey Software Quality Report http://turkishtestingboard.org/turkish/tsqr.htm