{or how to take better pictures}        You don’t take a picture…              You make it
What you need to take this courseA Digital CameraThe Manual – Tip#1 Know your cameraA USB thumb drive (for the projects)  ...
About this ClassClass is 4 meetings 2 hours each1st hour a review of last weeks projects2nd hour new materialClass 1 – Int...
DSLR and PnS   You don’t take a picture…         You make it
Each has strengths and            weaknesses         Know the limitations       Work within those limitsTrying to force th...
Which one is from a dSLR and don’t take a picture…                           You                               which is fr...
The one on the left is from a PnS (Nikon p5100)                              You don’t take a picture…                    ...
For now,,,,stay within yourcamera’s limits.You don’t take a picture…      You make it
Megapixels how many dotsPixel - picture element      Smallest element that carries color information                      ...
Useful Image Size ChartMegapixels Screen (72dpi) Print (300dpi)                 X by Y    0.5          3x5                ...
Digital ZoomBlows up a portion   of the image at   the expense of   quality                     You don’t take a picture… ...
Optical ZoomThe lens ability to   enlarge the   subject and   maintain image   quality                  You don’t take a p...
Optical ZoomJust like taking a    few steps    toward the    subject. Image    size will not    change.                   ...
You don’t take a picture…      You make it
Exposure recording the lightCombining    Sensitivity    Duration    Intensity                  You don’t take a picture…  ...
Choose a bright sunny daySeal the room from light with black plastic  then cut a dime sized hole                  You don’...
How to hold the CameraReduce SHAKEHold close to your body.Elbows in…Don’t hold your breathUse a brace, any braceLow ...
Support Yourself                   Tip - Make use of                     anything that will                     help you b...
Portrait & LandscapeYour camera works just fine when tilted 90°Turn your camera to properly frame the subject.            ...
Make the frame work for you!                    You don’t take a picture…                          You make it
First Class Project             Photo a Day         Bring any camera with you.Create a photo which uses any of the concept...
Day 2                          Day 3  Day 1                                                         Day 4Daily Photo Chall...
Automatic Modes    You don’t take a picture…          You make it
Help with Specific SituationsReduced Light  Indoor  Outdoor LandscapePortraitSportsMacro – Close UpChild and PetFireworks ...
Portrait Mode                  Smart cameras use                   facial recognition to                   set focus      ...
Landscape Mode  Higher aperture  Flash off  Higher saturation     You don’t take a picture…           You make it
Sports Mode                 Fast shutter speeds                 Reduce motion blur  You don’t take a picture…        You m...
Macro Mode                 Repositions lens                  elements for ultra                  close ups.               ...
Let the camera help,Choose the right mode    for the subject   You don’t take a picture…         You make it
Let’s Talk Light!     You don’t take a picture…           You make it
Light has it’s own Color        You don’t take a picture…              You make it
Color CorrectionInternal white balanceColor correction cardBest guess – manualwhite balance settings                  You ...
Tint Neutral  You don’t take a picture…        You make it
You don’t take a picture…      You make it
Know                 the                lightYou don’t take a picture…      You make it
Different Light…. Different                      ResultsBright Sunlight can make photos look flat and  washed out with har...
Different Settings,        Different ResultsDaylight Setting  Full Sun  Shade  CloudyIncandescent SettingFlorescent Settin...
{or how to take better pictures}        You don’t take a picture…              You make it
The Mechanics behind              the CameraThe handout goes into nerd like detailIn class we will just touch the surface ...
The Exposure Triangle                                   Aperture                                   Shutter Speed          ...
Zone 9 lightest      Zone 4 mid gray                       Zone One 1 darkest                  You don’t take a picture…  ...
at f/5.6Shutter Speed      1/500    1/250                 1/125    1/60    1/30    F/stop        f/2.8    f/4             ...
Shutter SpeedShort 1/500th sec                                                Long 1/20th sec                    You don’t...
Aperture                       Mechanical opening                        that regulates how                        much li...
Aperture                          The physical opening                            of the camera lens                      ...
Depth of FieldShallowDOF          You don’t take a picture…                You make it
Depth of Field               Long DOFYou don’t take a picture…      You make it
Depth of Field               MACRO Very Short DOFYou don’t take a picture…      You make it
Increasing the SensitivityISO more sensitivity at the expense of              “noise”              You don’t take a pictur...
ISO                                      ISO 2500ISO 200          You don’t take a picture…                You make it
Digital NoiseYou don’t take a picture…      You make it
Changing any setting       impacts the exposure          value (or EV)EV=Shutter Speed+Aperture+ISO          You don’t tak...
When there’s not enough                   light…What can we do when there just isn’t enough light other than buy expensive...
The miss-understood On Camera              FlashOften used as a    primary light    source…WHAT?RED-EYEHARD SHADOWSFLAT IM...
The On Camera FlashCan work well as a   fill light with   other light to   reduce shadows.                You don’t take a...
Second Class ProjectTake a walk with your camera and take at             least 50 photos.  Remember you still have to take...
{or how to take better pictures}        You don’t take a picture…              You make it
Know your camera! Use the manual.   Keep notes to look up later.            You don’t take a picture…                  You...
Learn the basicsAbout, light, shutter speed & aperture              You don’t take a picture…                    You make it
Photography is Art     You don’t take a picture…           You make it
Photography is ArtTherefore many of the basic concepts of art and graphic design apply.Most strong images use many of thes...
Out of ContextRemoving what isn’t needed.                    You don’t take a picture…                          You make it
InContext  You don’t take a picture…        You make it
Rule of 3rds               Offset the subject away                 from the center of the                 frame           ...
Rule of 3rds  You don’t take a picture…        You make it
Rule of 3rds  You don’t take a picture…        You make it
Applied Rule of 3rds!       You don’t take a picture…             You make it
Beyond the Rule of Thirds         You don’t take a picture…               You make it
The Rule of ThreeOr the rule of odd numbersStates that odd numbers are more interesting  than even quantitiesMostly for Po...
You don’t take a picture…      You make it
Perspective                   Change your point of                    view to make your                    subject stand o...
You don’t take a picture…      You make it
Contrasts                  Contrasting                   Shapes                   Sizes                   Color           ...
Negative SpaceYou don’t take a picture…      You make it
You don’t take a picture…      You make it
Repetition                  Similar shapes and                    lines help to tie a                    composition toget...
Repetition of Shapes      You don’t take a picture…            You make it
You don’t take a picture…      You make it
Leading Lines                    Look for the leading                     lines that lead your                     eye thr...
You don’t take a picture…      You make it
You don’t take a picture…      You make it
Copy those who are                successfulEventually you will create your own style   after all you’ll learn more from t...
The Masters                                Henri Cartier-BressonFrom this image we learn about leading lines              ...
The Masters                              A master of                              capturing                              p...
The MastersFrom this work we learn about shape and form               You don’t take a picture…                     You ma...
The MastersElliot Erwitt   Here we see repetition          You don’t take a picture…                You make it
The MastersWilliam Christenberry        Develop a theme or body of work                  You don’t take a picture…        ...
The MastersJan Groover       This image shows us contrasts              You don’t take a picture…                    You m...
The Masters                       Philippe HalsmanLearn to think out of the box, be creative!               You don’t take...
The MastersClyde Butcherfrom Clyde’s workwe learn patience.Sometimes we justhave to wait for theright moment              ...
Practice! Practice!             Practice!The more you shoot the better you           will get!            You don’t take a...
Review – 11 TipsKnow Your Camera!Watch the lightChoose a clear subjectPut the subject in context  include what is needed  ...
Review – 11 TipsUse light to your advantageSupport the cameraUse the self-timerUse the correct modeLook for new and intere...
Final Class Project  Can you take an every day object           and make it art?Use perspective, lighting and location to ...
You don’t take a picture…      You make it
Next week Software     How to “tweak” an image    How to fix common problemsGimp, Photoshop, Photoshop Elements           ...
{or how to take better pictures}        You don’t take a picture…              You make it
SoftwareThe combination of digital cameras and image editing software gives the photographer almost limitless control of t...
You don’t take a picture…      You make it
{or how to take better pictures}        You don’t take a picture…              You make it
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Basic Photography

1,519 views

Published on

Companion presentation to the basic "Painting with Light" camera class

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,519
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
38
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
194
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Basic Photography

  1. 1. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it
  2. 2. What you need to take this courseA Digital CameraThe Manual – Tip#1 Know your cameraA USB thumb drive (for the projects) You don’t take a picture… You make it
  3. 3. About this ClassClass is 4 meetings 2 hours each1st hour a review of last weeks projects2nd hour new materialClass 1 – Introduction to the Digital WorldClass 2 – Exposure, Light and FlashClass 3 – Composition and ArtClass 4 – Review and Intro to Photo Editing Software You don’t take a picture… You make it
  4. 4. DSLR and PnS You don’t take a picture… You make it
  5. 5. Each has strengths and weaknesses Know the limitations Work within those limitsTrying to force the camera outside it’s limits usually results in poor images.Causing photographer FRUSTRATION You don’t take a picture… You make it
  6. 6. Which one is from a dSLR and don’t take a picture… You which is from a PnS camera? You make it
  7. 7. The one on the left is from a PnS (Nikon p5100) You don’t take a picture… You make it
  8. 8. For now,,,,stay within yourcamera’s limits.You don’t take a picture… You make it
  9. 9. Megapixels how many dotsPixel - picture element Smallest element that carries color information 30086 megapixels 2000 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  10. 10. Useful Image Size ChartMegapixels Screen (72dpi) Print (300dpi) X by Y 0.5 3x5 NR 600x800 2 8x10 3x5 1200x1600 4 11x14 5x7 1700x2300 6 16x20 8x10 2000x3000 10 25x40 13x17 2592x3888 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  11. 11. Digital ZoomBlows up a portion of the image at the expense of quality You don’t take a picture… You make it
  12. 12. Optical ZoomThe lens ability to enlarge the subject and maintain image quality You don’t take a picture… You make it
  13. 13. Optical ZoomJust like taking a few steps toward the subject. Image size will not change. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  14. 14. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  15. 15. Exposure recording the lightCombining Sensitivity Duration Intensity You don’t take a picture… You make it
  16. 16. Choose a bright sunny daySeal the room from light with black plastic then cut a dime sized hole You don’t take a picture… You make it
  17. 17. How to hold the CameraReduce SHAKEHold close to your body.Elbows in…Don’t hold your breathUse a brace, any braceLow light…use a support. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  18. 18. Support Yourself Tip - Make use of anything that will help you be steady You don’t take a picture… You make it
  19. 19. Portrait & LandscapeYour camera works just fine when tilted 90°Turn your camera to properly frame the subject. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  20. 20. Make the frame work for you! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  21. 21. First Class Project Photo a Day Bring any camera with you.Create a photo which uses any of the concepts presented in class Bring your best with you to class. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  22. 22. Day 2 Day 3 Day 1 Day 4Daily Photo Challenge - Example Day 5 Day 6 You don’t take a picture… You make it Day 7
  23. 23. Automatic Modes You don’t take a picture… You make it
  24. 24. Help with Specific SituationsReduced Light Indoor Outdoor LandscapePortraitSportsMacro – Close UpChild and PetFireworks You don’t take a picture… You make it
  25. 25. Portrait Mode Smart cameras use facial recognition to set focus Reduce flash power Higher shutter speeds to reduce shake You don’t take a picture… You make it
  26. 26. Landscape Mode Higher aperture Flash off Higher saturation You don’t take a picture… You make it
  27. 27. Sports Mode Fast shutter speeds Reduce motion blur You don’t take a picture… You make it
  28. 28. Macro Mode Repositions lens elements for ultra close ups. High aperture for maximum DOF You don’t take a picture… You make it
  29. 29. Let the camera help,Choose the right mode for the subject You don’t take a picture… You make it
  30. 30. Let’s Talk Light! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  31. 31. Light has it’s own Color You don’t take a picture… You make it
  32. 32. Color CorrectionInternal white balanceColor correction cardBest guess – manualwhite balance settings You don’t take a picture… You make it
  33. 33. Tint Neutral You don’t take a picture… You make it
  34. 34. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  35. 35. Know the lightYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  36. 36. Different Light…. Different ResultsBright Sunlight can make photos look flat and washed out with harsh shadows.Evening Light creates highly saturated warm colors.Indoor Lighting can cause color casts. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  37. 37. Different Settings, Different ResultsDaylight Setting Full Sun Shade CloudyIncandescent SettingFlorescent Setting Daylight Balanced FlorescentAutomatic You don’t take a picture… You make it
  38. 38. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it
  39. 39. The Mechanics behind the CameraThe handout goes into nerd like detailIn class we will just touch the surface You don’t take a picture… You make it
  40. 40. The Exposure Triangle Aperture Shutter Speed ISO sensitivity You don’t take a picture… You make it
  41. 41. Zone 9 lightest Zone 4 mid gray Zone One 1 darkest You don’t take a picture… You make it
  42. 42. at f/5.6Shutter Speed 1/500 1/250 1/125 1/60 1/30 F/stop f/2.8 f/4 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 at 1/125 sec. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  43. 43. Shutter SpeedShort 1/500th sec Long 1/20th sec You don’t take a picture… You make it
  44. 44. Aperture Mechanical opening that regulates how much light enters the camera through the lens.You don’t take a picture… You make it
  45. 45. Aperture The physical opening of the camera lens Called F-Stop Higher the “F” number the smaller the opening F/22 small F/1.2 big You don’t take a picture… You make it
  46. 46. Depth of FieldShallowDOF You don’t take a picture… You make it
  47. 47. Depth of Field Long DOFYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  48. 48. Depth of Field MACRO Very Short DOFYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  49. 49. Increasing the SensitivityISO more sensitivity at the expense of “noise” You don’t take a picture… You make it
  50. 50. ISO ISO 2500ISO 200 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  51. 51. Digital NoiseYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  52. 52. Changing any setting impacts the exposure value (or EV)EV=Shutter Speed+Aperture+ISO You don’t take a picture… You make it
  53. 53. When there’s not enough light…What can we do when there just isn’t enough light other than buy expensive equipmentAdd light- Flash, lamps & reflectorsMove to a brighter spotTip – Make the light work for you You don’t take a picture… You make it
  54. 54. The miss-understood On Camera FlashOften used as a primary light source…WHAT?RED-EYEHARD SHADOWSFLAT IMAGESWASHES OUT COLORSUSED as a FILL LIGHT You don’t take a picture… You make it
  55. 55. The On Camera FlashCan work well as a fill light with other light to reduce shadows. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  56. 56. Second Class ProjectTake a walk with your camera and take at least 50 photos. Remember you still have to take a photo a day! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  57. 57. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it
  58. 58. Know your camera! Use the manual. Keep notes to look up later. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  59. 59. Learn the basicsAbout, light, shutter speed & aperture You don’t take a picture… You make it
  60. 60. Photography is Art You don’t take a picture… You make it
  61. 61. Photography is ArtTherefore many of the basic concepts of art and graphic design apply.Most strong images use many of these “rules” along with placing a subject in context with the environment or PURPOSLY removing the subject from the surroundings.Photos can tell a story without any words known as a Photo Essay( photo album?) You don’t take a picture… You make it
  62. 62. Out of ContextRemoving what isn’t needed. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  63. 63. InContext You don’t take a picture… You make it
  64. 64. Rule of 3rds Offset the subject away from the center of the frame Using 3rd lines. Most dynamic points are at the intersections Square frames become an exception You don’t take a picture… You make it
  65. 65. Rule of 3rds You don’t take a picture… You make it
  66. 66. Rule of 3rds You don’t take a picture… You make it
  67. 67. Applied Rule of 3rds! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  68. 68. Beyond the Rule of Thirds You don’t take a picture… You make it
  69. 69. The Rule of ThreeOr the rule of odd numbersStates that odd numbers are more interesting than even quantitiesMostly for PortraitsCan be used with any clearly defined subjectsSubjects should relate to each other People Same Type of Animal or object You don’t take a picture… You make it
  70. 70. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  71. 71. Perspective Change your point of view to make your subject stand out. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  72. 72. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  73. 73. Contrasts Contrasting Shapes Sizes Color Light to Dark You don’t take a picture… You make it
  74. 74. Negative SpaceYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  75. 75. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  76. 76. Repetition Similar shapes and lines help to tie a composition together You don’t take a picture… You make it
  77. 77. Repetition of Shapes You don’t take a picture… You make it
  78. 78. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  79. 79. Leading Lines Look for the leading lines that lead your eye through the picture. Converging lines create depth. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  80. 80. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  81. 81. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  82. 82. Copy those who are successfulEventually you will create your own style after all you’ll learn more from the successful than from the mediocre! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  83. 83. The Masters Henri Cartier-BressonFrom this image we learn about leading lines You don’t take a picture… You make it
  84. 84. The Masters A master of capturing personality warts and all You don’t take a picture… You make it
  85. 85. The MastersFrom this work we learn about shape and form You don’t take a picture… You make it
  86. 86. The MastersElliot Erwitt Here we see repetition You don’t take a picture… You make it
  87. 87. The MastersWilliam Christenberry Develop a theme or body of work You don’t take a picture… You make it
  88. 88. The MastersJan Groover This image shows us contrasts You don’t take a picture… You make it
  89. 89. The Masters Philippe HalsmanLearn to think out of the box, be creative! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  90. 90. The MastersClyde Butcherfrom Clyde’s workwe learn patience.Sometimes we justhave to wait for theright moment You don’t take a picture… You make it
  91. 91. Practice! Practice! Practice!The more you shoot the better you will get! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  92. 92. Review – 11 TipsKnow Your Camera!Watch the lightChoose a clear subjectPut the subject in context include what is needed and remove what is notLook for bad things in the backgroundLook for odd things sticking into the frame You don’t take a picture… You make it
  93. 93. Review – 11 TipsUse light to your advantageSupport the cameraUse the self-timerUse the correct modeLook for new and interesting perspectives You don’t take a picture… You make it
  94. 94. Final Class Project Can you take an every day object and make it art?Use perspective, lighting and location to create an interesting “artsy” imageBring your favorite in for class You don’t take a picture… You make it
  95. 95. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  96. 96. Next week Software How to “tweak” an image How to fix common problemsGimp, Photoshop, Photoshop Elements And Picasa You don’t take a picture… You make it
  97. 97. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it
  98. 98. SoftwareThe combination of digital cameras and image editing software gives the photographer almost limitless control of the final image. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  99. 99. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  100. 100. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it

×