Why Is Sustainability Important


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Is change always good? Eight of the ten warmest years on record have occurred since 2001. Extreme weather conditions have become more common with climate change. Today, buildings in the USA consume approximately 65% of the nation’s electricity and account for 40% of the total energy use. Accelerated burning of fossil fuels to quench the ever growing thirst of the global energy demands is having an unprecedented impact on the environment while contributing to higher energy costs and reduced reserves. However, many opportunities exist to minimize the footprint left behind from the construction, renovation and operation of buildings. This presentation explores the evidence in support of climate change, the contributions of the US Green Building Council to help solve this problem and why this information should be important to you. Your journey along the pathway of sustainability should continue from here…now! The earth’s children are depending on you!

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Why Is Sustainability Important

  1. 1. Climate Change and Sustainability: What’s in it for me? Presented by: Brian Key, P.E. Building Systems Consultant LEED® Accredited Professional keybreeze@aol.com Copyright © keybreeze inc. 2009 Copyright © keybreeze inc. 2009
  2. 2. Why is “green” important? Photo Courtesy of Brian Key, April 2008 © 2009 keybreeze
  3. 3. Our Earth Alaska’s Riggs Glacier 2004 Credit: U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior/USGS, U.S. Geological Survey/photo by Bruce F. Molnia © 2009 keybreeze
  4. 4. Our Earth Alaska’s Riggs Glacier 1950 Credit: U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior/USGS, U.S. Geological Survey © 2009 keybreeze
  5. 5. Our Earth Alaska’s Riggs Glacier 1941 Credit: U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior/USGS, U.S. Geological Survey © 2009 keybreeze
  6. 6. Our Earth In 63 Years… © 2009 keybreeze
  7. 7. A Crisis? “The global January-December temperature for combined land and ocean surfaces was 0.49°C (0.88°F) above the 20th century average, tying with 2001 as the eighth warmest since records began in 1880… Eight of the ten warmest years on record have occurred since 2001, part of a rise in temperatures of 0.5°C (0.9°F) since 1880.”[1] “…greenhouse gases are accumulating in Earth's atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise. Temperatures are, in fact, rising.quot; [2] “Experts find that surface temperatures on Earth have risen in the last 20 years at a rate greater than the average for the last 100 years. “ [3] [1] NOAA “Climate of 2008 Annual Report” National Climatic Data Center, 14 January 2009 [2] National Research Council, “CLIMATE CHANGE SCIENCE, AN ANALYSIS OF SOME KEY QUESTIONS” [3] National Research Council National Academy of Sciences, Global Warming Real, Sept 2006 © 2009 keybreeze
  8. 8. Land and Sea Ice © 2009 keybreeze
  9. 9. Global Trend Source: “Global Surface Temperature Anomalies, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Climatic Data Center”, last up-dated 23 January 2009 http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/anomalies/index.php#means © 2009 keybreeze
  10. 10. Alarming Trends The report states… “Human influence on the trend…[and the] likelihood of…warmer days and nights over most land areas… are virtually certain…” Reference: “Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Summary for Policymakers”, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Feb 2007 http://ipcc-wg1.ucar.edu/wg1/docs/WG1AR4_SPM_PlenaryApproved.pdf © 2009 keybreeze
  11. 11. Disagreement on the Cause “It is therefore highly likely that the Sun is also a major cause of twentieth century warming, with anthropogenic GH gases making only a minor contribution.” The report states… “NIPCC reaches the opposite conclusion – namely, that natural causes are very likely to be the dominant cause. Note: We do not say anthropogenic greenhouse (GH) gases cannot produce some warming. Our conclusion is that the evidence shows they are not playing a significant role.” Reference: S. Fred Singer, ed., Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate: Summary for Policymakers of the Report of the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change, Chicago, IL: The Heartland Institute, 2008, http://www.heartland.org/custom/semod_policybot/pdf/22835.pdf © 2009 keybreeze
  12. 12. Climate Change is Happening © 2009 keybreeze
  13. 13. U.N. Warns of Extreme Climate Effects Follow this link to play the movie clip Reference: Reuters, November 17, 2007 http://www.reuters.com/news/video?videoId=70986&videoChannel=74 © 2009 keybreeze
  14. 14. IPCC Warnings The November 2007 report states, “Today, the time for doubt has passed. The IPCC has unequivocally affirmed the warming of our climate system, and linked it directly to human activity” Reference: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Nov 2007 http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment- report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr_spm.pdf © 2009 keybreeze
  15. 15. Projections Reflect the Concern Follow this link to play the visualization Reference: CCSM3 Visualizations by Gary Strand, strandwg@ucar.edu, April 2008 http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/ccr/strandwg/ccsm3_visualization.html © 2009 keybreeze
  16. 16. Current News [1] CNN.com website, September, 2007 *Source United National Environmental Program Finance Initiative (UNEPFI) http://www.cnn.com/2007/TECH/science/09/11/arctic.ice.cover/index.html © 2009 keybreeze
  17. 17. For the Record Book Artic Ice Extent “The minimum for 2007 shatters the previous five-day minimum set on September 20–21, 2005, by 1.19 million square kilometers (460,000 square miles), roughly the size of Texas and California combined, or nearly five United Kingdoms.” The 2008 September low was 34% below the long-term average from 1979 to 2000… the negative trend in September extent has been pulled downward, from –10.7 % per decade to –11.7 % per decade” Credit: National Snow and Ice Data Center. http://nsidc.org/news/press/2007_seaiceminimum/20070810_index .html http://nsidc.org/news/press/20081002_seaice_pressrelea se.html#fig1 © 2009 keybreeze
  18. 18. Local News © 2009 keybreeze
  19. 19. Reality Water events such as droughts, floods, typhoons and hurricanes Human diseases Earth movements such as earth quakes and mud slides Source: United Nations/International Strategy for Disaster Reduction http://www.unisdr.org/disaster-statistics/occurrence-trends-century.htm *Source United National Environmental Program Finance Initiative (UNEPFI) © 2009 keybreeze
  20. 20. The Impact? John C. Stennis Space Center Mississippi • Consulted on energy simulation models for new LEED® Certified Emergency Response Facility • At Stennis… • NASA Rocket Propulsion Testing • Applied Research Center and Technology Project Office Photo Courtesy of NASA, • DOD, NOAA, NAFAC, NWS Video of rocket engine test at Stennis Space Center © 2009 keybreeze Courtesy of Brian Key, May 2006 Photo
  21. 21. The Impact? John C. Stennis Space Center Mississippi Credit: NASA/Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, Hurricane Katrina August 29, 2005 8:20 a.m. EDT © 2009 keybreeze
  22. 22. The Impact? John C. Stennis Space Center Mississippi Credit:: NOAA, NASA, Cooperative Institute of Meteorological Satellite Studies CIMSS © 2009 keybreeze
  23. 23. Why is this Important? “Walk Gently on Mother Earth Good Planets are Hard to Find” Quote from a departure sign at NASA’s John C. Stennis Space Center, Mississippi Photo Courtesy of NASA Apollo 8keybreeze Dec 24, 1968 © 2009 Space Mission
  24. 24. Primary Energy Demand This emphasizes the scale of primary energy demand by US commercial buildings relative to our global neighbors. Ref: Primary energy (2003) chart from quot;Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Business Realities and Opportunities”, World Business Council for Sustainable Development WBCSD, August 2007 © 2009 keybreeze
  25. 25. Is the World Flattening? 20000 Population (Millions) 1200 18000 Developed Emerging 16000 Developing Poorest 1000 14000 Primary Energy Primary Energy (EJ) 800 12000 10000 600 8000 6000 400 4000 200 2000 0 0 2000 Base Case Low Prosperous Poverty World 2050 “…the convergence of technology and events that allowed India, China, and so many other countries to become part of the global supply chain for services and manufacturing, creating an explosion of wealth in the middle classes of the world's two biggest nations, giving them a huge new stake in the success of globalization…”[1] [1] The World Is Flat, A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century quote from http://www.thomaslfriedman.com/worldisflat.htm © 2009 keybreeze
  26. 26. Energy Growth Best and Worst Case Projections for Site Energy Demand Energy consumption will grow dramatically without action to improve energy efficiency substantially. Development is increasing energy demand significantly. Economic development and other factors are adding to the challenge because they also increase buildings’ energy needs. Ref: Chart from quot;Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Business Realities and Opportunities”, World Business Council for Sustainable Development WBCSD, August 2007 © 2009 keybreeze
  27. 27. USA Energy Consumption 100% (Btu) 28% 24% Other Transportation 9% IT / electronics 32% 10% Water heating Industry 18% Lighting 40% 39% HVAC Buildings* Source: 2007 Department of Energy Buildings Energy Databook * Includes Commercial and Residential buildings © 2009 keybreeze
  28. 28. Building Sources Buildings in the USA • Use 65% of the nations electricity • Account for over 36% of total primary energy usage • Generate 30% of the greenhouse gas emissions • Create 136 million tons of construction and demolition waste (Approx. 2.8 lbs/day/person) • 30% of newly-built or renovated buildings suffer from quot;sick building syndrome,quot; exposing occupants to stale or mold and chemical laden air • EPA Classifies indoor air quality as one of top 5 health risks • Consume 12% of the total potable water, ¼ is used for landscaping • 40% of the world's materials and energy is used by buildings • Use 25% of the virgin wood and 55% of all lumber used in construction • Are consuming agricultural land at an alarming rate • Every year we use 10,000 years of natural carbon • Oil supplies have less that 50 years reserve • Cost over $60 Billon in lost productivity © 2009 keybreeze
  29. 29. Indirect Greenhouse Gas Emissions Net Generation by Energy Source Petroleum Natural Gas 3% 19% CO2 Nuclear Coal CO2 19% 50% CO2 Hydroelectric Solar, Wind, Conventional Other 7% CO2 Renewables 2% CO2 2005 U.S. Electric Power Industry Net Generation Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-906, quot;Power Plant Report;quot; Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-920 quot;Combined Heat and Power Plant Report;quot; and predecessor forms. © 2009 keybreeze
  30. 30. Economic Pressures New England Commercial Electric (cents/kWh) 12.8 11.8 10.8 2004 2005 2006 New England Commercial Gas ($/MMBtu) 15.60 13.20 11.63 2004 2005 2006 © 2009 keybreeze
  31. 31. Consumer Response Higher energy prices are shifting consumers toward energy efficient personal transportation. …Prius sales are up more than 130 percent so far this year and will top 100,000 sales in 2005. Toyota recently established a goal of selling more than 1 million hybrids a year globally early in the next decade … Source: http://www.electricdrive.org/index.php?tg=articles&idx=Print&topics=7&article=692 © 2009 keybreeze
  32. 32. Business Response The hybrid system collects the sun’s rays with a mirrored disc on a building’s rooftop, filtering out the harmful rays and absorbing heat © 2009 keybreeze
  33. 33. Business Response 2010 Production & Supplier Goals Reduce greenhouse gas emissions 3 percent annually and water consumption 2.5 percent annually through 2010. © 2009 keybreeze
  34. 34. ENTER … Sustainable Development © 2009 keybreeze
  35. 35. What is Sustainable Development? “A development which meets the present needs without endangering the capacity of the future generations to meet their own needs.” “The Brundtland Report” to the United Nations 1987, Mrs. Gro Harlem Bruntland, in her report to the World Committee on Environment and Development © 2009 keybreeze
  36. 36. What is a Green Building? • A building designed, constructed, and operated to boost environmental, economic, health and productivity over the life of the building better than conventional construction Building Momentum , USGBC 2002 © 2009 keybreeze
  37. 37. The Misunderstandings BUILDING INDUSTRY OVERESTIMATES THE COST OF GREEN BUILDINGS while underestimating their environmental benefits. The cost premium, which is likely to be under 5% in developed countries, although possibly higher in China, Brazil and India. Source: World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Energy Efficiency in Buildings Summary Report, Market Research 2007 © 2009 keybreeze
  38. 38. US Green Building Council The U.S. Green Building Council is the nation’s foremost coalition of leaders from across the building industry working to promote buildings that are environmentally responsible, profitable and healthy places to live and work. Council programs Committee-based Member-driven Consensus-focused Transform the market Education LEED products © 2009 keybreeze
  39. 39. Participants © 2009 keybreeze
  40. 40. What Is LEED® Scores are tallied for different aspects of efficiency and design in appropriate categories. LEADERSHIP in ENERGY and ENVIRONMENTAL For instance, LEED DESIGN assesses in detail: A leading-edge 1. Site Planning system for 2. Water Management certifying 3. Energy Management DESIGN, 4. Material Use 5. Indoor CONSTRUCTION, Environmental & OPERATIONS Air Quality of the greenest 6. Innovation & buildings in the Design Process world © 2009 keybreeze
  41. 41. Why Is LEED® Important? US Building Impacts: © 2009 keybreeze
  42. 42. Why Is LEED® Important? Average Savings of Green Buildings © 2009 keybreeze
  43. 43. Our Responsibility © 2009 keybreeze
  44. 44. Photo Courtesy of Brian Key, October 2006 © 2009 keybreeze
  45. 45. Fall Brook Adirondack Mountains New York October 2006 Photo Courtesy of Brian Key, October 2006 © 2009 keybreeze
  46. 46. Our Earth Photo Courtesy of Brian Key, October 2006 Photo Courtesy of Brian Key, October 2006 63 Years Later? © 2009 keybreeze
  47. 47. Thank You! What’s in it for me? Photo Courtesy of Brian Key, April 2006 © 2009 keybreeze
  48. 48. Your Journey Begins Good Planets are Hard to Find Photo Courtesy of NASA Apollo 8 Space Mission Dec 24, 1968 © 2009 keybreeze
  49. 49. Climate Change And Sustainability Have you started your journey? Copyright © keybreeze inc. 2009 Copyright © keybreeze inc. 2009