Ni theories, models, and frameworks


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Nursing Informatics Resource Slides for Students with Activities..Prepared by: Joseph Lagod, MN

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  • As information technology began tobe applied within various disciplines and social arenas, the term “informatics” was linked to the specific field in question, for instance, medical informatics, health informatics, business informatics, and so on.
  • Ni theories, models, and frameworks

    1. 1. NURSING INFORMATICS<br />Theories, Models, and Frameworks<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3. NURSING INFORMATICS<br />Is an established and growing area of specialization in nursing<br />All nurses employ information technologies in their practice.<br />
    4. 4. INFORMATICS<br />
    5. 5. What is informatics<br />1957 - First coined by Karl Steinbuch as “informatiks”.<br />1962 – Phillipe Dreyfus used “informatique”<br />Walter Bauer – translated it into “informatics”<br />
    6. 6. What is informatics<br />Combined the terms “information” and “automation” which means automatic information processing.<br />
    7. 7. What is informatics<br />A science that combines a domain science, computer science, information science and cognitive science.<br />Multidisciplinary science drawing from varied theories and knowledge applications.<br />
    8. 8. What is informatics<br />a broad academic field encompassing human-computer interaction, information science, information technology, algorithms, and social science <br />
    9. 9. What is informatics<br />Computer science, the study of complex systems, information and computation using applied mathematics, electrical engineering and software engineering techniques.<br />
    10. 10. What is informatics<br />Information science is the study of the processing, management, and retrieval of information<br />
    11. 11. In 1980, Scholes and Barber applied this new term to the art and science of nursing, coining the term, “nursing informatics”, which they defined as “...the application of computer technology to all fields of nursing-- nursing services, nurse education, and nursing research”.<br />
    13. 13. HEALTH INFORMATICS<br />Integration of healthcare sciences, computer science, information science, and cognitive science to assist in the management of healthcare information.<br />A subdiscipline of informatics…<br />
    14. 14. ACTIVITY<br />Present an illustration using the description delineating Health Informatics and its sub disciplines.<br />Health informatics have subdomains such as medical informatics, dental informatics, pharmacy informatics, nursing informatics, etc.<br />Each of these subdomains have integrated content and which are collaboratively working with each other.<br />
    15. 15. ACTIVITY<br />Limit your illustration using only circles, squares and arrows and texts.<br />Use any application (paint, Msword, Ppt) in making your diagram.<br />Finally present the illustration using powerpoint.<br />Further explain your diagram.<br />
    16. 16. CORRECT <br />HEALTH INFORMATICS<br />Dental Informatics<br />Medical Informatics<br />Nursing Informatics<br />Pharmacy Informatics<br />
    17. 17. HEALTH INFORMATICS<br />
    18. 18. NURSING INFORMATICS<br />1985 – Kathryn Hannah; the use of information technologies in relation to any nursing functions.<br />
    19. 19. NURSING INFORMATICS<br />1989 – Graves & Corcoran .. Is a combination of computer science, information science and nursing science designed to assist management and processing of nursing data, information, and knowledge to support the practice of nursing and the delivery of nursing care.<br />
    20. 20. NURSING INFORMATICS<br />1994– ANA .. Specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science in identifying, collecting, processing, and managing data and information to support nursing practice, administration, education, research and the expansion of nursing knowledge.<br />
    21. 21. NURSING INFORMATICS<br />2001– ANA ..a specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information and knowledge in nursing practice…<br />
    22. 22. NURSING INFORMATICS<br />2001– ANA ..facilitates the integration of data, information, and knowledge to support patients, nurses, and other providers in their decision-making in all roles and settings. The support is accomplished through the use of information structures, information processes, and information technology<br />
    23. 23. Differentiate<br />
    25. 25. NURSING INFORMATICS<br />SCOPE<br />
    26. 26. NI as a SPECIALTY<br />1992 – ANA established nursing informatics as a distinct specialty in nursing with a distinct body of knowledge.<br />
    27. 27. INDIVIDUAL ACTIVITY<br />Use a Word Processor<br />Explain how nursing informatics is considered as a distinct specialty.<br />Specifically describe the role of informatics nurses compared to other fields of nursing.<br />200 words minimum..<br />
    28. 28. INDIVIDUAL ACTIVITY<br />Use a Word Processor<br />Use Times New Roman <br />Font Size: 12.5<br />Line Spacing: 1.5<br />1 tab indent each paragraph<br />Justify each paragraph<br />Margins: 0.75” top, 0.75” bottom, 1” left; 1” right.<br />Orientation: Portrait<br />Paper Size: Long Bond Paper<br />Title at Center (Make your own)<br />Save File: Act1YourName.doc<br />
    29. 29. Informatics Nurse Specialists<br />Is a professional with a formal RN graduate degree and passed the credentialing in nursing informatics of a state.<br />
    30. 30. Informatics Nurse Specialists<br />Nursing informatics specialists practice in a wide variety of roles that are ultimately aimed at improving patient care delivery and the nursing practice experience. <br />
    31. 31. Informatics Nurse Specialists<br />Some of those roles are:<br />Project manager<br />Educator<br />Product developer<br />Decision support/outcomes manager<br />Systems analyst<br />Consultant<br />Programmer<br />Advocate/policy developer<br />Web developer<br />CIO, CEO, CNO<br />Entrepreneur<br />Researcher<br />Sales and marketing<br />
    32. 32. COMPONENTS of PRACTICE<br />Transformation of Data to Wisdom<br />Data – discrete entities that are described objectively without interpretation.<br /> ex. A systolic blood pressure, a nursing intervention, a patient problem, an outcome<br />
    33. 33. COMPONENTS of PRACTICE<br />Transformation of Data to Wisdom<br />Information– reflects interpretation, organization, or structuring of data. <br /> - are processed data<br /> - data with meaning<br />
    34. 34. COMPONENTS of PRACTICE<br />Transformation of Data to Wisdom<br />Knowledge–transformation of information.<br /> - information that is synthesized so that relationships are identified and formalized<br />
    35. 35. COMPONENTS of PRACTICE<br />Transformation of Data to Wisdom<br />WISDOM–highest form of data transformation.<br /> - is the application of ethics in using knowledge.<br />
    36. 36. COMPONENTS of PRACTICE<br />Wisdom<br />Knowledge<br />Information<br />Complexity<br />Data<br />Human Intellect<br />
    37. 37. Group Activity<br />
    39. 39. CORRECT<br />As an example, a single instance of vitals signs – heart rate, respirations, temperature and blood pressure – for a single patient can be considered a set of data. <br />
    40. 40. CORRECT<br />A series of vital signs taken over time, placed into a context, and compared is considered<br />
    41. 41. CORRECT<br />However, a dropping blood pressure, increasing heart rate, respiratory rate, and fever in an elderly, catheterized patient are recognized as being out of the norm. The recognition that this patient may be septic and in need of nursing and medical interventions reflects information synthesis (knowledge).<br />