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Aerodynamics in automobile

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excellent tool for an presenting topic aerodynamics in aurimobile

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Aerodynamics in automobile

  1. 1. KEVIN GEORGE INH10ME064
  2. 2. What's the 1st thing that comes to your mind?
  3. 3.  Aerodynamics is a sub-field of fluid dynamics which is a study of how gases interact with moving bodies.  Applications can be so vast ranging from  Automobile( aero planes, cars ,trucks, ships etc..)  Architecture( bridges, buildings etc..)  Sports  Numerical weather prediction
  4. 4. Study of the aerodynamics of road vehicles Goals  reducing Drag (attain high speeds)  minimizing noise emission,  preventing undesired lift  Improve stability at high speeds and produce down force .
  5. 5. • The term down force describes the downward pressure created by the aerodynamic characteristics of a car. • It allows it to travel faster through a corner by holding the car to the track or road surface. • It is the vertical component of the force acting downwards, which arises due to the airflow over and below the car’s surface
  6. 6.  Front wing  The front wing or the spoiler is the first part of the car that makes contact with the air.  It affects the airflow in the full length of the car and even tiny changes can have huge effects on the overall performance.  Proves 42% of total down force
  7. 7. Aerofoil in Aeroplanes Aerofoil in F1 cars
  8. 8.  Rear Wing The rear wing helps glue the rear wheels to the track, but it also can hugely increases drag (air residence against the body of the car). But designers are constantly working to use as little angle of incidence on the rear wing as possible without harming overall performance.
  9. 9.  Diffuser The diffuser or floor, is designed to ensure the smoothest exit for the air that is flowing under the car. Designers come up with a huge variety of complicated shapes because the quicker the air exits, the more down force the car generates, and the higher the grip will be.
  10. 10.  Wind tunnel testing Wind tunnels operate below the speed of sound and the airstream is created by large motor-driven fans. At velocities near or above the speed of sound, the airstream is created either by releasing highly compressed air from a tank at the upwind end of the tunnel testing area, or by allowing air to rush through the tunnel into a previously created vacuum tank at its downwind end.
  11. 11.  ANSIS, CATIA, ALIAS STUDIO  ANALYZE CHANGES DURING DESIGN PHASE AND DEVELOPMENT  REDUCES TIME TO DEVELOP OPTIMAL DESIGN  ABLE TO STUDY INDIVIDUAL ELEMENTS MORE EFFECTIVELY
  12. 12. Advantages:  Reduces drag  improves fuel economy.  stability at high speed improving the traction especially at corners to allow variable cornering speed.  Improves Aesthetic value  Reduces noise Disadvantages:  Understeer causes the car to go straighter than the trajectory that the driver is trying to take.  Oversteer is when the rear wheels of a car do not track behind the front wheels. Instead, they tend to slide out towards the outside of the turn. This can easily cause a car to spin.
  13. 13.  “ENHANCEMENT OF AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF A FORMULA-1 RACE CAR USING ADD-ON DEVICES”, B. N. Devaiah, S. Umesh, SASTECH journal

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