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Lecture 5: EQUALITY &
DIVERSITY
Equality is not about treating all people in the same way. It’s about
recognising and resp...
Learning Objectives
• Define and describe
Equality and Diversity
• identify ways that people
are different
• show an aware...
Equality & Diversity
• What do you think the definition of
Equality & Diversity might be?
Definitions
• Equality – ‘equal rights and treatment
to all individuals’
• Diversity – ‘difference from what is
normal or ...
Activity
Draw/describe one of the following:
• A Model
• Footballer
• Athlete
• Doctor’s receptionist
• Construction Worke...
A Model
Dawn French has her
own clothing range
which she models.
Jean-Paul Gaultier shook the
modelling world in 2006
usin...
Footballers
Women’s England
Football Team
The F.A. supports six
international disability squads
for players with differing...
Athlete
Tanni Grey Thomson
9 Gold Medals in the
Paralympics, 30
world records 6
London Marathons
Oscar Pistorius
World rec...
Doctor’s Receptionist
Frank
Construction Worker
Samantha
Engineer
Gemma is an Engineer
working for BT
Wang Shuming is a disabled
engineer working for the Jinlin
branch of China Ne...
Beauty Therapist
Kurt
Diversity
• What is diversity?
• Diversity means valuing the
differences between people
and the ways in which
those differ...
Diversity is about respecting
individual…………..
• Race
• Culture
• National Origin
• Region
• Gender
• Sexual Orientation
•...
“Discrimination
is prejudices put
into action.”
Firms free to favour
female and black job
applicants... Mail online, 4
December 2008
Will the
Equality Act
make
everyone
e...
The Equality Act - Introduction
• Single largest piece of
anti-discrimination
legislation the UK has
known.
• Harmonises m...
11/16/2014 18
Purpose of the Act
Strengthening, harmonising and streamlining 40 years of
equalities
legislation:
Strengthe...
The purpose of the legislation
“The purpose of the Bill and its accompanying
package of measures is to strengthen protecti...
Protected Characteristics under
the Equality Act 2010
• Age
• Disability
• Gender reassignment
• Marriage and civil
partne...
Discrimination
There are different types of discrimination:
• Direct Discrimination
• Indirect Discrimination
• Associativ...
Direct Discrimination
What it is...
“Person A directly discriminates against
Person B when A treats B less
favourably than...
Example of Direct Discrimination
“A 70 year old lady was refused a
broadband contract by Carphone
Warehouse in the UK and ...
Indirect Discrimination
What it is...
“This happens when a requirement is
applied equally to everyone but has the
effect o...
Example of Indirect
Discrimination
Your employer brings in a new shift pattern
which means that everyone has to work fewer...
Associative Discrimination
What it is...
“Less favourable treatment because of
someone else’s protected characteristic.”
Example of Associative
Discrimination
Coleman v Attridge Law 2008
Sharon Coleman claimed managers at Attridge Law
called h...
Perceptive Discrimination
What it is...
“Discrimination against an individual
because of a perception that he or she
has a...
Example of Perceptive
Discrimination
Example 1
“An employer rejects a job application submitted by a white man
whom the em...
Harassment and
Third Party Harassment
What it is...
“Unwanted conduct related to a
relevant protected characteristic.”
In ...
Example of Third Party
Harassment
“The employee or job applicant is harassed
by a third party on more than two occasions
(...
Victimisation
What it is...
This happens when an individual is
singled out because they have used the
system to make a com...
Example of Victimisation
“If you are lesbian and your fellow colleagues
started passing unwelcome comments about
your sexu...
Disability Discrimination
What it is...
Person A discriminates a disabled Person B if A
treats B unfavourably because of s...
Example of Disability
Discrimination
“Amir is a 12-year-old student with autism and
sensory difficulties. One day he becom...
11/16/2014 37
Where does the Act apply?
• Services and Public Functions
• Premises
• Work
• Education
• Associations, incl...
Assumptions
• WHAT assumptions do we make about
people?
• WHY do we come to the conclusions we do?
• WHEN do we tend to ma...
• 18. Practitioners should not allow their
professional relationships with clients to be
prejudiced by any personal views ...
Further information
The Government Equalities Office (GEO)
http://www.equalities.gov.uk/
CIPD - Equal opportunities in
emp...
http://www.pinktherapy.com/en-
gb/home.aspx
Lecture 5 equality and diversity the equality act 2010
Lecture 5 equality and diversity the equality act 2010
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Lecture 5 equality and diversity the equality act 2010

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Highlighting the Equality act and what it means for counselling and managing diversity

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Lecture 5 equality and diversity the equality act 2010

  1. 1. Lecture 5: EQUALITY & DIVERSITY Equality is not about treating all people in the same way. It’s about recognising and respecting diversity enough to adapt practice and procedure to suit all. Module: Law for Counsellors Kevin Standish
  2. 2. Learning Objectives • Define and describe Equality and Diversity • identify ways that people are different • show an awareness of personal assumptions and attitudes • understand differing types of discrimination • Define and describe the Equality Act 2010
  3. 3. Equality & Diversity • What do you think the definition of Equality & Diversity might be?
  4. 4. Definitions • Equality – ‘equal rights and treatment to all individuals’ • Diversity – ‘difference from what is normal or expected’
  5. 5. Activity Draw/describe one of the following: • A Model • Footballer • Athlete • Doctor’s receptionist • Construction Worker • Engineer • Beauty Therapist
  6. 6. A Model Dawn French has her own clothing range which she models. Jean-Paul Gaultier shook the modelling world in 2006 using outsized models.
  7. 7. Footballers Women’s England Football Team The F.A. supports six international disability squads for players with differing kinds of disabilities. These are: Blind, Partially Sighted, Deaf and Hearing Impaired, Cerebral Palsy, Learning Disabilities, Amputee. The teams all receive official England kit, a physio, a fully- trained technical advisor, and money towards travel costs for attending European and World Championships.
  8. 8. Athlete Tanni Grey Thomson 9 Gold Medals in the Paralympics, 30 world records 6 London Marathons Oscar Pistorius World record holder in amputee races Sumo Wrestling A competitive contact sport which originated in Japan the only country where it is practiced professionally.
  9. 9. Doctor’s Receptionist Frank
  10. 10. Construction Worker Samantha
  11. 11. Engineer Gemma is an Engineer working for BT Wang Shuming is a disabled engineer working for the Jinlin branch of China Netcom
  12. 12. Beauty Therapist Kurt
  13. 13. Diversity • What is diversity? • Diversity means valuing the differences between people and the ways in which those differences can contribute to a richer, more creative and more productive working environment
  14. 14. Diversity is about respecting individual………….. • Race • Culture • National Origin • Region • Gender • Sexual Orientation • Age • Marital Status • Religion • Ethnicity • Disability • Ability • Family Structure • Health • Values • Politics ………..and much more
  15. 15. “Discrimination is prejudices put into action.”
  16. 16. Firms free to favour female and black job applicants... Mail online, 4 December 2008 Will the Equality Act make everyone equal before the law? The Times, 15 April 2010 Equality plans ‘class war’ claim... BBC News, 12 January 2009 EQUALITY ACT 2010
  17. 17. The Equality Act - Introduction • Single largest piece of anti-discrimination legislation the UK has known. • Harmonises multiple pieces of primary and secondary legislation.
  18. 18. 11/16/2014 18 Purpose of the Act Strengthening, harmonising and streamlining 40 years of equalities legislation: Strengthening: improving the effectiveness of equality legislation Harmonising: providing the same levels of protection from discrimination across all the protected characteristics and all sectors, where appropriate Streamlining: simplifying and consolidating approximately 116 pieces of separate equality legislation
  19. 19. The purpose of the legislation “The purpose of the Bill and its accompanying package of measures is to strengthen protection, advance equality and de-clutter the law.” We will... 1. Introduce a new Equality Duty on the public sector 2. End age discrimination 3. Require transparency 4. Extend the scope of ‘positive action’ 5. Strengthen reinforcement
  20. 20. Protected Characteristics under the Equality Act 2010 • Age • Disability • Gender reassignment • Marriage and civil partnership • Pregnancy & maternity • Race • Religion and/or belief • Sex • Sexual orientation
  21. 21. Discrimination There are different types of discrimination: • Direct Discrimination • Indirect Discrimination • Associative Discrimination • Perceptive Discrimination • Harassment (Third Party) • Victimisation • Disability Discrimination
  22. 22. Direct Discrimination What it is... “Person A directly discriminates against Person B when A treats B less favourably than A would treats or would treat others in the same circumstances”
  23. 23. Example of Direct Discrimination “A 70 year old lady was refused a broadband contract by Carphone Warehouse in the UK and was told that she could only register if she came to the store with a younger member of her family. The Carphone Warehouse had provided guidance to staff not to sell broadband contracts to customers aged 70+ as they believe they will not understand the terms of the contract.” Source: www.equineteurope.org
  24. 24. Indirect Discrimination What it is... “This happens when a requirement is applied equally to everyone but has the effect of excluding one group of people more than another”
  25. 25. Example of Indirect Discrimination Your employer brings in a new shift pattern which means that everyone has to work fewer but longer days. You have a disability that means you’re exhausted after two long days of working. So the new shift pattern puts you and other people who have the same disability as you at a disadvantage. Your employer will have indirectly discriminated against you if it can’t justify the new shift pattern. Source: www.equalities.gov.uk
  26. 26. Associative Discrimination What it is... “Less favourable treatment because of someone else’s protected characteristic.”
  27. 27. Example of Associative Discrimination Coleman v Attridge Law 2008 Sharon Coleman claimed managers at Attridge Law called her ‘lazy’ when she requested time off to care for her disabled son. She accepted voluntary redundancy, but later brought a claim for constructive dismissal and disability discrimination. A UK employment tribunal referred the case to the European Court of Justice to clarify European law. The ECJ ruled that able-bodied people can be covered by the Disability Discrimination Act because of their association with people covered by equality law. Source: www.personneltoday.com/articles/2008
  28. 28. Perceptive Discrimination What it is... “Discrimination against an individual because of a perception that he or she has a protected characteristic when he or she does not, in fact, have that protected characteristic.” (other than marriage and civil partnership, and pregnancy and maternity)
  29. 29. Example of Perceptive Discrimination Example 1 “An employer rejects a job application submitted by a white man whom the employer wrongly assumes to be black because he has an African name.” Example 2 “An employee is subjected to religious abuse on the basis that he supports a particular football team, even though he does not actually belong to the religion associated with that football team.” Source: www.mcgrigors.com
  30. 30. Harassment and Third Party Harassment What it is... “Unwanted conduct related to a relevant protected characteristic.” In addition, employers can be legally liable for the harassing conduct of third parties. A third party would include a client, customer, supplier, visitor, contractor, service user etc. Three strikes and you’re out!
  31. 31. Example of Third Party Harassment “The employee or job applicant is harassed by a third party on more than two occasions (not necessarily by the same person). The employer knows that it has happened but fails to take steps that are reasonable in the circumstances to prevent such harassment happening to that person again.” Source: www.equalities.gov.uk
  32. 32. Victimisation What it is... This happens when an individual is singled out because they have used the system to make a complaint or challenge treatment received.
  33. 33. Example of Victimisation “If you are lesbian and your fellow colleagues started passing unwelcome comments about your sexuality and you complained to your manager, but rather than doing something about the problem you are sacked for no reason or for no good reason and you believe that it is because of the complaint you raised, you may claim compensation for being victimised for making a complaint about sexual orientation discrimination.” Source: www.balindaandcoemploymentsolicitors.co.uk
  34. 34. Disability Discrimination What it is... Person A discriminates a disabled Person B if A treats B unfavourably because of something arising in consequence of B’s disability. Types of claims: • “Because of” • Detriment arising from the disability • Reasonable adjustments by employer • Indirect discrimination
  35. 35. Example of Disability Discrimination “Amir is a 12-year-old student with autism and sensory difficulties. One day he becomes very anxious when the fire alarm goes off in school. He stands with his hands covering his ears and is unable to move. The teacher tells Amir to leave the building but the pupil is frozen to the spot. The teacher shouts at Amir and the situation escalates to a point where the pupil lashes out at the teacher. Amir is excluded from school for two days for assaulting the teacher.” Source: www.westsussex.gov.uk
  36. 36. 11/16/2014 37 Where does the Act apply? • Services and Public Functions • Premises • Work • Education • Associations, including Political Parties
  37. 37. Assumptions • WHAT assumptions do we make about people? • WHY do we come to the conclusions we do? • WHEN do we tend to make these assumptions? • WHERE can this cause us difficulties? • HOW can we stop ourselves doing this? • WHO does it and who does it affect?
  38. 38. • 18. Practitioners should not allow their professional relationships with clients to be prejudiced by any personal views they may hold about lifestyle, gender, age, disability, race, sexual orientation, beliefs or culture. • 53. They should not allow their professional relationships with colleagues to be prejudiced by their own personal views about a colleague’s lifestyle, age, gender, disability, gender reassignment, race, sexual orientation, pregnancy and maternity, religion or belief, marriage and civil partnership or sex. It is unacceptable and unethical to discriminate against colleagues on any of these grounds.
  39. 39. Further information The Government Equalities Office (GEO) http://www.equalities.gov.uk/ CIPD - Equal opportunities in employment http://www.cipd.co.uk/about/jobs/eqop.ht m
  40. 40. http://www.pinktherapy.com/en- gb/home.aspx

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