FACT FILE 4.4 billion people live in LEDCs. Of these: <ul><li>Three-fifths lack basic sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Almost one third have no access to clean water </li></ul><ul><li>A quarter do not have adequate housing </li></ul><ul><li>A fifth have no access to modern health services </li></ul><ul><li>A fifth of children do not attend to the end of primary school </li></ul><ul><li>A fifth do not have adequate protein and energy from their food supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Human Development Report, 1998 </li></ul>
Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>What follows is a look at photos of people living in extreme poverty </li></ul><ul><li>We see first and foremost their humanity and spirit and dedication even in the midst of extreme deprivation </li></ul><ul><li>Their eyes don’t call for our pity, but for our camaraderie and partnership and empathy </li></ul>
1. to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Kadija (9) and Mobina (3) beg at the local market for the rest of their family. Collectively they earn between 50p & £1.30 a day.
2. to give all children a primary school education Tayee Haile Micale, 10, wants to be a head teacher when he grows up. “I like my head teacher. I think he’s good. I want to be like him.”
3. to promote gender equality and empower women Guatemala is one of the 70 countries to have failed to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of gender parity in education in 2005.
4. to reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five Julienne Duvalier (18) and daughter Marie (2) at the Jaime Mota regional hospital. Marie has a respiratory disease and needs urgent treatment, so is being given antibiotics intravenously.
5. to improve maternal health It was a difficult delivery as the baby was born breached and in need of oxygen to stay alive. Noorjahan was lucky to be in the district hospital for the birth. In Orissa, only 22% of women give birth in hospital. Among tribal women the figure is only 8.7%.
6. to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Anthony Mpundu found out he was HIV positive when he went for a test after his wife died in 1998. He has been on antiretroviral (ARV) drugs since 2002 and feels strong enough to cultivate his land. “ I’m so happy that I’m alive again. I tell everyone that they should not be ashamed to test themselves. I don’t want to live in fear. I don’t want to think about death every day. I want to know for sure that I can take ARV my whole life, even when I’m old.”
7. to ensure environmental sustainability A woman and baby at a traditional well. Women in the region work constantly collecting water and firewood. Sometimes they have to walk 15km per day to find a suitable well and may have to wait up to 10 hours in a queue to draw the water.
8. To develop a global partnership for development