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Living spaces for the retired


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Living spaces for the retired

  1. 1. Learning Intentions <ul><li>Appreciate that living spaces for the elderly will be different from those of younger people </li></ul><ul><li>Understand why elderly people are often attracted to rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Understand why the retired are sometimes attracted to living spaces abroad </li></ul>
  2. 2. Key terms <ul><li>Gentrification – Wealthier people move into the area and carry out house improvements. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Segregation – Where richer people live in certain areas and less well off families in others. </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanisation - _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Counterurbanisation - __________________ </li></ul>
  3. 3. The rural idyll <ul><li>The rural idyll is an image people have of rural life in a developed country . </li></ul><ul><li>They imagine a close community, little crime, little traffic, small pubs and village shops and all near the countryside. </li></ul>But how accurate is this picture of the countryside?
  4. 4. Increasingly in UK people are choosing to leave cities and move to rural areas and small towns <ul><li>It is estimated that rural areas will increase by 18% in the next twenty years whilst the growth of urban areas will be half this. </li></ul>
  5. 5. But there are problems…. <ul><li>High demand for houses means that they have become very expensive and beyond the reach of young people. </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty in UK rural areas rose by 3% in 2007, compared to only 1% in UK urban areas. </li></ul><ul><li>And …. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Explain what the cartoon is saying about village life in the UK
  7. 7. The Rural Idyll
  8. 8. Chipping Campden in the Cotswolds is a small rural town typifying what many see as the rural idyll
  9. 9. The town is surrounded by open undulating countryside
  10. 13. Chipping Campden is a small historic town of character
  11. 18. Would you choose to live there?
  12. 19. Watch this clip In pairs discuss why many people dream of living in the countryside <ul><li> </li></ul>
  13. 20. <ul><li>Draw up a mind map (spider diagram) to record the outcome of your discussion </li></ul><ul><li>What kinds of people do you think are attracted to villages and small towns in the countryside? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think this? </li></ul>
  14. 21. Issues with living in rural areas <ul><li>Many homes in rural areas are “second homes” meaning that villages are deserted most of the time. </li></ul><ul><li>Property prices have risen by 10% over the past 3 years meaning that many local people cant afford to buy a house in their own village. </li></ul><ul><li>Bus services to the local town only run twice a day </li></ul><ul><li>Rural poverty has risen by 3% in the past 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Rural banks have closed although some mobile banks have been set up. </li></ul><ul><li>On average there is only one village shop that is now the post office, DVD rental, café, bakery, and just about everything else! </li></ul><ul><li>Some rural areas can’t receive terrestrial TV. </li></ul><ul><li>Internet speed is very slow- high speed broadband is only available in the cities </li></ul><ul><li>There is only one mobile phone network. </li></ul><ul><li>People are on average 3 miles from their nearest doctor </li></ul><ul><li>Many church buildings are now redundant due to the lack of congregation and vicars. </li></ul><ul><li>Many local primary schools are closing down. </li></ul>
  15. 23. Typical questions <ul><li>Why do many people dream of living in rural areas? (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Why are there very few people in their twenties and early thirties choosing a rural life-style? (2) </li></ul>
  16. 24. Homework <ul><li>Read pages 171-172 in your textbook </li></ul><ul><li>“Living spaces for the retired” </li></ul><ul><li>Complete the left hand side of the A3 worksheet ensuring sufficient detail and explanation to impress an examiner </li></ul><ul><li>Then complete the right hand side based on learning from the rest of this lesson </li></ul>
  17. 25. A place in the sun Over the past couple of decades increasing numbers of retired people have looked abroad for their ideal living space
  18. 26. Almost one million UK pensions are paid abroad
  19. 27. What are the attractions of moving to Spain? <ul><li>Warm weather including winter sun – better for those with arthritis and rheumatism </li></ul><ul><li>Cheaper living costs – and retired people often have less income </li></ul><ul><li>Modern and efficient health service </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent transport system that ensures people can get about </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing property costs in UK </li></ul><ul><li>Until recently relatively cheap to fly home to visit friends and family </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of the Internet - ease of keeping in touch </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite TV - never far from favourite soaps and sporting events! </li></ul>
  20. 28. What has made moving to Spain possible? <ul><li>Good health in retirement </li></ul><ul><li>Longer retirement </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing income and savings </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of budget airlines </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in average age of retirement </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of a British community </li></ul>
  21. 29. And some choose not to emigrate but still spend long periods of the year abroad Many own a second home abroad
  22. 30. But some have recently returned to UK disillusioned & unable to afford to live abroad The 30% increase in the value of € when compared to £ has made mainland Europe very expensive
  23. 31. But other reasons include <ul><li>Poor health </li></ul><ul><li>Language/communication issues (eg in hospital) </li></ul><ul><li>Homesickness - missing friends and family </li></ul><ul><li>Rising cost of air travel </li></ul>
  24. 32. Typical questions <ul><li>Why do retired couples sometimes choose to emigrate to places like Spain or France? (4) </li></ul><ul><li>What in recent times has made this more possible? (3) </li></ul><ul><li>Why do some of these people return home to live back in UK? (2) </li></ul>