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Rural Living Spaces <ul><li>Contrast to Chipping Campden </li></ul>
Recap – Chipping Campden <ul><li>Where is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What is it like there? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of peop...
<ul><li>So where is this place ……   </li></ul>
 
 
 
 
 
 
Is this rural or urban? <ul><li>In that 1.5 million live in or immediately surrounding Las Vegas it is clearly an urban li...
What is meant by greenfield development? <ul><li>This is development on land that has not previously been used – unspoilt ...
Learning Intentions <ul><li>Develop an understanding that not all rural living spaces are quiet sleepy little towns like C...
Built in the middle of a Mojave Desert in Clark County, Nevada, USA, it’s within half a day’s journey from the National Pa...
 
 
 
2009
1950
What’s it like there? <ul><li>http://vimeo.com/930121 </li></ul>
<ul><li>First major resort built on the Las Vegas Strip was built in 1941. </li></ul><ul><li>17 of the top 20 largest hote...
So who lives there? <ul><li>The rich and famous – in hotel suites or out of town mansions </li></ul><ul><li>The not so ric...
Why do they live there? <ul><li>Las Vegas exists solely as a tourist paradise – effectively an adult’s playground and them...
What are the challenges? <ul><li>Las Vegas the City shouldn’t exist – it’s in a desert! </li></ul><ul><li>It does so becau...
To cope with the demand for living space Las Vegas must … <ul><li>Build in the desert surrounding the city </li></ul><ul><...
Challenges <ul><li>Wells need to be dug deeper – groundwater supplies have dropped 90 metres in recent times </li></ul><ul...
Over to you <ul><li>Create a brochure or flyer to encourage those thinking of moving to Las Vegas to think again. </li></u...
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Las Vegas - Unsustainable City

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Las Vegas - Unsustainable City

  1. 1. Rural Living Spaces <ul><li>Contrast to Chipping Campden </li></ul>
  2. 2. Recap – Chipping Campden <ul><li>Where is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What is it like there? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of people live there? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do they choose to live there? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>So where is this place …… </li></ul>
  4. 10. Is this rural or urban? <ul><li>In that 1.5 million live in or immediately surrounding Las Vegas it is clearly an urban living space </li></ul><ul><li>But given it is in the middle of the desert with scores of miles between it and the next settlement it is in a rural setting </li></ul><ul><li>In about 50 years Las Vegas has grown from a small rural town to what it is today. </li></ul><ul><li>Urban spread has consumed the surrounding countryside – this is ‘greenfield’ development – a bit ironic given there’s not much that’s green! </li></ul>
  5. 11. What is meant by greenfield development? <ul><li>This is development on land that has not previously been used – unspoilt and in its natural state. </li></ul><ul><li>The opposite of this is brownfield development – development on land that has already been built on and is about to be torn down and re-developed </li></ul>
  6. 12. Learning Intentions <ul><li>Develop an understanding that not all rural living spaces are quiet sleepy little towns like Chipping Campden </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciate just how different Las Vegas is to Chipping Campden </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the problems generated by the rapid growth of this living space </li></ul>
  7. 13. Built in the middle of a Mojave Desert in Clark County, Nevada, USA, it’s within half a day’s journey from the National Parks of Grand Canyon, Bryce Canyon and Zion
  8. 17. 2009
  9. 18. 1950
  10. 19. What’s it like there? <ul><li>http://vimeo.com/930121 </li></ul>
  11. 20. <ul><li>First major resort built on the Las Vegas Strip was built in 1941. </li></ul><ul><li>17 of the top 20 largest hotels in the world are located in Las Vegas. </li></ul><ul><li>36 million people visit Las Vegas each year </li></ul><ul><li>The population of the city is almost 500,000 which increases to 1.5 million if the surrounding suburbs are included </li></ul><ul><li>The city is famous for gambling, fine dining and shopping as well as its themed hotels and urban districts – eg New York, Paris and Venice </li></ul><ul><li>There are 125,000 hotel beds available in Las Vegas at any one time </li></ul><ul><li>The city has been built in the middle of the Mojave Desert where annual rainfall is less than 10cms – less than 30 days of rain per year </li></ul><ul><li>If it were not for the dams and reservoirs built in the surrounding desert Las Vegas would not exist </li></ul><ul><li>It is not the most sustainable city in the world!! </li></ul>
  12. 21. So who lives there? <ul><li>The rich and famous – in hotel suites or out of town mansions </li></ul><ul><li>The not so rich and far from famous – those that maintain and service the city (hotel staff, bankers, lawyers, insurance brokers, tour operators, croupiers, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Las Vegas is reputedly the fastest growing city in America </li></ul>
  13. 22. Why do they live there? <ul><li>Las Vegas exists solely as a tourist paradise – effectively an adult’s playground and theme park </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a far cry from Chipping Campden that many see as the English rural idyll </li></ul>
  14. 23. What are the challenges? <ul><li>Las Vegas the City shouldn’t exist – it’s in a desert! </li></ul><ul><li>It does so because a few super rich people had a dream and they spent a fortune realising it </li></ul><ul><li>It consumes more water per person than any other city in the world – 1,360 litres daily per capita (60 % more than ‘thirsty’ Los Angeles) </li></ul>
  15. 24. To cope with the demand for living space Las Vegas must … <ul><li>Build in the desert surrounding the city </li></ul><ul><li>and find water – and plenty of it </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/water-in-the-mojave-desert/4754.html </li></ul>
  16. 25. Challenges <ul><li>Wells need to be dug deeper – groundwater supplies have dropped 90 metres in recent times </li></ul><ul><li>$1-billion pipeline will need to be built to tap rivers and groundwater 250 miles away </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Mead, America’s largest reservoir behind the Hoover Dam, is at its lowest water level for 35 years </li></ul><ul><li>Desert landscapes are not easy habitats - wildlife is losing the battle for water as the city drinks it all! </li></ul><ul><li>To combat the intense heat (the city is at least 5 degrees C hotter than the very hot desert that surrounds it) thousands of air conditioning units are in place – these need huge quantities of electricity which is met in part at the expense of climate change. </li></ul><ul><li>Being so isolated car travel is vital – Las Vegas ties with New York City in fifth place for carbon monoxide pollution amongst US cities. </li></ul>
  17. 26. Over to you <ul><li>Create a brochure or flyer to encourage those thinking of moving to Las Vegas to think again. </li></ul><ul><li>Include photographs, text and quotes (made up or real!) </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a range of reasons and include evidence to support your arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Finish for homework if necessary </li></ul>

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