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Net Neutrality Is About Ones and Zeros - IPFW 2015

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Net Neutrality Is About Ones and Zeros. In this presentation, given at IPFW campus, I ask the question if all ones and zeros that make up internet traffic should be treated equally. I acknowledge the intereconnect and peering issue, but show how consumers and content/service providers (like Netflix and Facebook) are already paying for their respective access and usage of the internet.

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Net Neutrality Is About Ones and Zeros - IPFW 2015

  1. 1. NET NEUTRALITY IS ABOUT ONES AND ZEROS credit: FamZoo Staff
  2. 2. SHOULD ALL ONES AND ZEROS BE TREATED EQUALLY NO BLOCKING – NO THROTTLING – NO PAID PRIORITIZATION
  3. 3. WHO PAYS FOR WHAT credit: 401(K) 2012
  4. 4. USERS PAY THEIR ISP OR CARRIER FOR ACCESS/USE Users, like individuals and businesses, pay their ISP or carriers for access to the internet and data use. The data THEY request! Why aren’t these ISPs going after VOIP services? Because the data is largely insignificant.
  5. 5. CONTENT CREATORS/CPs PAY HOSTS/CDNs FOR DELIVERY Content creators and providers, like website owners, online (cloud) services, media providers, etc. pay a hosts or CDNs (content delivery networks) for their connection and data delivery. Or pay Interconnectors directly.
  6. 6. ACKNOWLEDGING THE LAST MILE, INTERCONNECTION & PEERING Now, to be fair we do need to acknowledge the gap. Aka, peering. This is essentially like roaming charges. While it is fair to bring up, this is basically a conversation that needs to be worked out with peering arrangements, not popular service extortion. Who are the appropriate parties to work out this disparity?
  7. 7. http://www.redditian.com/r/leagueoflegends/24lzv6
  8. 8. Content creators, like website owners, online (cloud) services, media providers, etc. pay a host and/or CDN (content delivery network) for their connection and data delivery, then the host and the CDN have to pay interconnection fees, part of which is shared to ISPs. Though the “second time” may be in the form of a reciprocal deal with another carrier. Aka
  9. 9. IS THIS EXTORTION
  10. 10. AKA EXTORTION Brian Regan - Switch Flipper CAPACITY OR REVENUE The previous graph proves it isn’t directly a capacity issue. They flipped a switch. Unlimited TV. We don’t have a cap on how much TV we can watch. It seems that what they want, is a cut of the action.
  11. 11. SHOULD ALL ONES AND ZEROS BE TREATED EQUALLY
  12. 12. SNAPCHAT: STARTED WITH $485K
  13. 13. DROPBOX: STARTED WITH $15K
  14. 14. FOCALNOVA: STARTED WITH $0
  15. 15. SHOULD ALL ONES AND ZEROS BE TREATED EQUALLY The previous companies many not have made it if they were extorted for being successful early on. Sure, there is a cost to do business, but we need to acknowledge the difference between competition in the form of: funded vs existing business vs bootstrapped vs favored by the provider!
  16. 16. THE GLARING CONFLICT OF INTEREST Government • Our privacy and poor track-record protecting it • Because it’s the Government isn’t answering the question about what should be done, how it should be done, and who should be enforcing it. Providers • Want in on the action and excuses to charge more • Also provide phone • Also provide content • Direct Competitor to those they wish to squash. • Corporate lobbying or bullying?
  17. 17. THE REALITY IS THAT SOMETHING UNFAVORABLE IS LIKELYWe are screwed either way • The Government isn’t good at running things • The Government doesn’t need “control” to take control. • NSA: Intercepting traffic before it gets to the internet • Kill traffic capabilities for extreme situations • Backdoor crypto keys • The providers will get their pound of flesh either way • Raising rates • To us at homes and businesses • To Hosts and bandwidth providers • Peer sharing programs • Bandwidth caps and tiered programs • Google’s ProjectFI - http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2015/04/project-fi.html
  18. 18. WHY WOULDN’T ALL ONES AND ZEROS BE TREATED EQUALLY
  19. 19. KEVIN MULLETT @KMULLETT just google me

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