China's Culture


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This is a basic overview of the Chinese culture. Used in 6th grade.

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China's Culture

  1. 1. China's Culture
  2. 2. Chinese Faces People TRUE or FALSE : Most Chinese people look the same/similar? <ul><li>What types of facial expression did you see? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the people look to you? </li></ul><ul><li>How were they similar and different from you? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clothing, setting, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. People <ul><li>1.4 billion people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.1 billion of the 1.4 billion live along the eastern 1/3 where many are farmers. Live in 23 different provinces (next map). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Densely populated area. </li></ul></ul>Image of Terraced farming in China.
  4. 4. Provinces of China:
  5. 5. <ul><li>56 ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest is the Han – found mostly in the eastern 1/3 of China </li></ul></ul>People
  6. 6. Ethnic Groups
  7. 7. <ul><li>Languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandarin is the official language, but many different dialects (56), which makes communication almost impossible. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. People <ul><li>People in China divide themselves in the following way: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Chinese believe they are healthier eaters, and are taller. Usually have lighter skin color. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern Chinese are shorter, and not as healthy, it is said they would eat anything with four legs. Usually have a darker complexion. </li></ul></ul>Why? The southern Chinese are closer to the equator, warmer climates, tan easier.
  9. 9. People <ul><li>Religions: (3 major ones) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confucianism: taught people should be polite, honest, brave, and wise. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lao-zi is the founder of Confucianism…that is him in the next picture </li></ul><ul><li>In China, the Confucian way has disappeared, but the Confucian approach to government and society retains a powerful hold on many people. </li></ul><ul><li>Children were taught to obey their parents and respect their elders. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Daoism (Taoism) : helps people to understand the energy, or power, that connects all living things. </li></ul>People <ul><li>Yin Yang: opposite forces </li></ul><ul><li>working together. </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Lao-tzu 6BCE…he is NOT believed to be just one person </li></ul><ul><li>Taos try to lead a good life and not harm others. </li></ul><ul><li>Acupuncture </li></ul><ul><li>Feng Shui </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Medicines </li></ul><ul><li>Martial Arts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brings together all inner strength and energy </li></ul></ul>Application of Daoism <ul><li>East </li></ul><ul><li>West </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain </li></ul><ul><li>Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Male </li></ul><ul><li>Female </li></ul><ul><li>Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Darkness </li></ul>YANG YIN
  11. 11. People <ul><li>Buddhism: </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Buddha, he was born a prince in India around 500BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Important belief is Life, death, and rebirth </li></ul><ul><li>Worship in monasteries and/or temples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also many homes have a shrine. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wear orange robes, sandals, and shave their heads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t need much (robe, sandals, razor, the robe) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat simple foods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kind to all creatures </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. People <ul><li>Culture: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arts- bronze bowls, jade jewelry, decorated silks, glazed pottery, fine porcelain, paintings, sculpture, calligraphy, & architecture. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paintings: SILK PAINTING </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese paintings were based on theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you were not a good calligrapher, you were not accepted as an artist. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brush work was VERY important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature came first in a Chinese painting and humans second </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Chinese Art on a scroll, which was unrolled and viewed in sections. You can see the calligraphy on the right which was a poem that went with the painting. Paintings of NATURE
  14. 15. <ul><li>Notice the red box in the upper left hand corner of the painting? </li></ul><ul><li>This was a mark that was stamped onto the painting showing who owned the painting and during which dynasty. There could be multiple stamps, meaning more than one Emperor and Dynasty owned the painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Now notice the Chinese calligraphy on the op of the painting… </li></ul><ul><li>The owner of the painting (usually the Emperor), would comment on the painting, what he liked, disliked, etc! </li></ul>
  15. 16. The marks on this painting tell us that it was owned by many different people/emperors, with about 7 different markings (in red). They have also commented on this painting numerous times with all of the calligraphy in and around the red stamp/markings. This writing on the artwork does not de-value it like it may in our own society.
  16. 17. A Chinese Scroll painting
  17. 19. more Chinese craft work: Bronze Bowl Jade Jewelry Calligraphy Fine Porcelain
  18. 20. Traditional Chinese Architecture
  19. 21. Modern Chinese Architecture
  20. 22. Language <ul><li>More than 50,000 Chinese characters </li></ul><ul><li>Characters represent words or ideas rather than letters that represent sounds. Some characters resemble the word they represent. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Chinese people memorize 4,000 – 5,000 of these characters…you are considered literate if you can read 2,000-5,000 characters. </li></ul><ul><li>Reading and writing Chinese is completely different from speaking Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese is very easy to learn for those visual learners. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pinyin system was developed to Romanize Standard Mandarin Chinese. Pinyin uses the alphabet to represent sounds in Standard Mandarin (Chinese). </li></ul>Brave Love
  21. 23. ma ma ma ma ma Pinyin System: Even tone “ mother” rising tone…like a question dipping tone “ horse” descending tone “ to scold” No tone…put at the end of any sentence to ask a question 馬 妈 Hear it... 罵 Hear it... Hear it...
  22. 25. Chinese Language Activity The Who Could Not Read
  23. 28. Foods <ul><li>Coastal Areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish, crab, and shrimp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Central China: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spicy dishes with hot peppers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chinese eat simple dishes, which typically include vegetables with bits of meat, or seafood, soup, and rice or noodles. </li></ul>Stir-Frying
  24. 29. Chinese New Year <ul><li>Also called : Lunar New Year, Spring Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Observed by : Mainly East Asian civilizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Type : Cultural , Religious ( Buddhist and Taoist ) </li></ul><ul><li>Significance : The first day of the Chinese calendar (lunar calendar) </li></ul><ul><li>2007 date : February 18 </li></ul><ul><li>2008 date : February 7 </li></ul><ul><li>2009 date : January 26 </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrations : Dragon dances / Lion dances , fireworks, family gathering, family meal, visiting friends and relatives ( 拜年 ), giving red envelopes , decorating with duilian ( 對联 ). </li></ul>农 历 新 年
  25. 30. 2007 2008 Dog Pig Rat Ox Tiger Rabbit Dragon Snake Horse Sheep Monkey Rooster