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How the america's changed


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How the america's changed

  1. 1. How The America’s Changed By Kevin Mahr
  2. 2. America’s in the 19th Century <ul><li>The United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Won Independence from Brittan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began a government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declaration of Independence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gained independence without war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules by the Roman Catholic Church </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Latin America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>short-lived </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>declarations </li></ul></ul>Political
  3. 3. America’s in the 19th Century <ul><li>The United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economically expanded westward building plantations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social diversity and social structures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic transAmerican railroad was built </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal government under Brittan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Latin America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built strength, herding cattle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socially lacking in education </li></ul></ul>Economic and Social
  4. 4. The Little Ice Age <ul><li>Con’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut off waterways and killed crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiped out the Spanish Armada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gang green, Typhus, Black Plague and famon killed many </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pro’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beer and Hard liquor was introduced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stradivarius used wood from the frozen trees to create a masterpiece, Violins </li></ul></ul>The Little Ice Age lasted from the 14 th century through the 19 th century. Though it was much less pronounced than the previous ice age, thirty percent of the Earth was covered by ice.
  5. 5. Frontiers of America <ul><li>Louisiana Purchase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Haitians were winning the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Haitians prolong the war knowing the new soldiers will die of disease. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Frontiersmen want Jefferson to take New Orleans by force. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French go to war with the English and need funds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoleon agrees to sell not only New Orleans, but the whole territory of Louisiana. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Spanish protest that France did not have the right to sell the land. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But Jefferson still gets the sale through congress. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Louisiana purchase is one of Jefferson's greatest accomplishments. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Frontiers of America <ul><li>Empire of the Trails </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans journeyed westward. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans need space do to the great migration of Europeans flooding into the Eastern ports. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountain men were the first white men to step foot in the western territory. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The fur trade became a very lucrative business for the nations and the Mountain men were the middlemen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Black hills of the great plains became a greatly contested area for the Indian nations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After Mexico became independent from Spain, the Mexicans allowed the settling of Americans in there territory. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both American and Mexican men of Texas wanted independence from Mexico and went to war with Santa Ana. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>March 6 th 1836 the Battle of the Alamo took place and the all the defenders were killed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Missionaries began there journey west to help evangelize to the Indians. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the battle of San Jacinto the Texas army won there independence from Mexico capturing General Santa Ana. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The Pendulum of War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confederacy established there own functioning government at Richmond, Virginia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The United States needed to preserve the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>they had to re-conquer and occupy the enemies territory. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There first attempt was stopped at the Battle of Bull Run. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President Lincoln asked George McClellan to take control of the Union army. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Union Army had several major set backs do to McClellan’s lack of taking risks. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western theater of war along the Mississippi River under Illinois Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant they captured an important fort. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Confederate Ambassador to Britain was captured by the North. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>released to avoid war with Britain. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The Pendulum of War (Continued) </li></ul><ul><li>On April 6 th , 1861 Grants army of 33,000 men was attacked by the Confederates commanded by General Albert Johnston near a church named Shiloh. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grants army was able to halt the rebels and General Johnston was killed in the battle. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant turned the tables on the rebels the next day and soon were in full retreat. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Union had another victory that same day along the Mississippi capturing 4500 soldiers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With these victories Lincoln presses McClellan to attack the confederate army along the Potomac 20 miles from Washington D.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>McClellan instead took his army down the Chesapeake Bay hoping to flank the rebels. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln disapproved of McClellan's plan but consented to wisdom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McClellan was able to scare off the confederates, but they lived to fight another day. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Several important rivers and ports now belonged to the Union. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This loss kept the south from exporting cotton to European nations they were trying to sway to there side. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Confederacy was able to gain some support in early 1861, but after the Union wins along the Mississippi and the capture of New Orleans English and French support dwindled. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The Beginning of the End </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln had hoped that McClellan could destroy the Army of Northern Virginia. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This did not happen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McClellan claimed that they were beaten. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both sides claimed victory after the Battle at Antietam. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The South claimed there retreat being strategic and the New York Herald claimed the Union army had broken the back of the rebellion. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln was being pushed heavily for an emancipation proclamation and decided this was the time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This decision changed the war from a battle to restore the Union, to a battle to free the slaves. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats unanimously denounced the proclamation and vowed to fight against it in the next election. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The borders states unionists also complained. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McClellan was also angry at the proclamation, but was reminded by friends to do his soldierly duty. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The Beginning of the End (continued) </li></ul><ul><li>The Emancipation Proclamation had a lot of impact abroad. </li></ul><ul><li>The Confederate ambassadors to Britain before the Battle of Antietam and the Emancipation proclamation had almost reached a deal from the British for recognition of there new Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln finally had enough of McClellan's immobility. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He was relieved of his command and replaced with General Burnside. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McClellan supporters were infuriated and wanted to march on Washington. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McClellan's stopped this talk and reminded them of there duty and to obey General Burnside. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McClellan would go on to run for the Presidency in 1864, but lost to Lincoln. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Confederates were down, but not out. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee would once again invade the North and was turned back at Gettysburg. </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle of Antietam was the beginning of the end for the South. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Here they started there slide down to inevitable surrender. </li></ul></ul>