Jesus’ Life and Legacy
1. Background
Lesson Overview
1. The historical context
2. The religious context
3. The literary context
The Historical Context
Galatians 4:4a
NKJV
But when the
fullness of time had
come, God sent
forth His Son …
NLT
But when the right
time came, God...
Historical Context
The time was right because of …
1. Roman rule
2. Greek language
3. Jewish witness
4. Divine providence
ROMAN RULE
The time was right because of
Roman Rule
They brought rest
‘Roman power and
political strength brought
about political unity,
military peace, and
freedo...
Roman Rule
They built roads
The Romans built high
quality roads throughout
the empire. These roads
made it possible for
or...
GREEK LANGUAGE
The time was right because of
Greek Language
Alexander the Great had a
motto: one language, one
world.
Greek Language
Alexander the Great had a
motto: one language, one
world.
By the time the Romans
came to power, the Greek
l...
JEWISH RELIGION
The time was right because of
Jewish Religion
1. They were
scattered.
Jewish Religion
1. They were
scattered.
2. They made
settlements.
Jewish Religion
1. They were
scattered.
2. They made
settlements.
3. They built
synagogues.
Jewish Religion
1. They were
scattered.
2. They made
settlements.
3. They built
synagogues.
4. They translated the
scriptu...
DIVINE PROVIDENCE
The time was right because of
Jewish Religion
God worked all of these
factors together to
prepare the world for the
coming of Christ.
Daniel 2:20-21
Pra...
The Religious Context
The Religious Context
1. Palestine in the time of Christ was a hotbed
of conflict between sects.
The Religious Context
1. Sadducees Characteristics
• Wealthy priests
• Power politics
• Law only
• Liberals
The Religious Context
1. Sadducees
2. Essenes
Characteristics
• Mystics
• Ascetics
• Pray and meditate
• Monks
The Religious Context
1. Sadducees
2. Essenes
3. Pharisees
Characteristics
• Lay scholars
• Bible studies
• Law and prophe...
The Religious Context
1. Sadducees
2. Essenes
3. Pharisees
4. Zealots
Characteristics
• Guerilla rebels
• Covert operation...
The Religious Context
1. Palestine in the time of Christ was a hotbed
of conflict between sects.
2. The sects were various...
The Religious Context
1. Sadducees
Accept
The Religious Context
1. Sadducees
2. Essenes
Avoid
The Religious Context
1. Sadducees
2. Essenes
3. Pharisees
Adapt
The Religious Context
1. Sadducees
2. Essenes
3. Pharisees
4. Zealots
Attack
The Religious Context
1. Palestine in the time of Christ was a hotbed
of conflict between sects.
2. The sects were various...
The Literary Context
The Literary Context
The New Testament is a collection of 27 books
that we believe are inspired by God. These
books fall i...
The Literary Context
Gospels
The New Testament contains
four gospels that record the
life of Jesus Christ. The gospels
are...
The Literary Context
History
The New Testament has only
one historical book—Acts. It
records the history of the early
chur...
The Literary Context
Letters
There are 21 letters in the New
Testament, 13 by Paul and 8
both others (John, Peter,
James, ...
The Literary Context
Prophecy
The only prophetic book in the
New Testament is Revelation,
which reveals the final triumph
...
Conclusion
Summary
1. The historical context: God prepare the world
through Roman roads, Greek language, and Jewish
religion.
2. The ...
Jesus: Life and Legacy 1
Jesus: Life and Legacy 1
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Jesus: Life and Legacy 1

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This is part of the Crossroads programme offered by the South African Theological Seminary. It is the first lesson in the CR survey of the New Testament, discussing the Background of the New Testament.

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  • Lesson Overview
  • The Literary Context
    This is an interactive slide.
  • Jesus: Life and Legacy 1

    1. 1. Jesus’ Life and Legacy 1. Background
    2. 2. Lesson Overview 1. The historical context 2. The religious context 3. The literary context
    3. 3. The Historical Context
    4. 4. Galatians 4:4a NKJV But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth His Son … NLT But when the right time came, God sent his Son …
    5. 5. Historical Context The time was right because of … 1. Roman rule 2. Greek language 3. Jewish witness 4. Divine providence
    6. 6. ROMAN RULE The time was right because of
    7. 7. Roman Rule They brought rest ‘Roman power and political strength brought about political unity, military peace, and freedom of trade and travel’ (Da Silva).
    8. 8. Roman Rule They built roads The Romans built high quality roads throughout the empire. These roads made it possible for ordinary citizens to travel to places that were previously inaccessible.
    9. 9. GREEK LANGUAGE The time was right because of
    10. 10. Greek Language Alexander the Great had a motto: one language, one world.
    11. 11. Greek Language Alexander the Great had a motto: one language, one world. By the time the Romans came to power, the Greek language was well established as an international language. The existence of a universal language made the rapid spread of the gospel possible.
    12. 12. JEWISH RELIGION The time was right because of
    13. 13. Jewish Religion 1. They were scattered.
    14. 14. Jewish Religion 1. They were scattered. 2. They made settlements.
    15. 15. Jewish Religion 1. They were scattered. 2. They made settlements. 3. They built synagogues.
    16. 16. Jewish Religion 1. They were scattered. 2. They made settlements. 3. They built synagogues. 4. They translated the scriptures.
    17. 17. DIVINE PROVIDENCE The time was right because of
    18. 18. Jewish Religion God worked all of these factors together to prepare the world for the coming of Christ. Daniel 2:20-21 Praise be to the name of God for ever and ever; wisdom and power are his. He changes times and seasons; he sets up kings and deposes them. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to the discerning.
    19. 19. The Religious Context
    20. 20. The Religious Context 1. Palestine in the time of Christ was a hotbed of conflict between sects.
    21. 21. The Religious Context 1. Sadducees Characteristics • Wealthy priests • Power politics • Law only • Liberals
    22. 22. The Religious Context 1. Sadducees 2. Essenes Characteristics • Mystics • Ascetics • Pray and meditate • Monks
    23. 23. The Religious Context 1. Sadducees 2. Essenes 3. Pharisees Characteristics • Lay scholars • Bible studies • Law and prophets • Charismatics
    24. 24. The Religious Context 1. Sadducees 2. Essenes 3. Pharisees 4. Zealots Characteristics • Guerilla rebels • Covert operations • Muslims
    25. 25. The Religious Context 1. Palestine in the time of Christ was a hotbed of conflict between sects. 2. The sects were various attempts to remain true to the Word of God in a changing world.
    26. 26. The Religious Context 1. Sadducees Accept
    27. 27. The Religious Context 1. Sadducees 2. Essenes Avoid
    28. 28. The Religious Context 1. Sadducees 2. Essenes 3. Pharisees Adapt
    29. 29. The Religious Context 1. Sadducees 2. Essenes 3. Pharisees 4. Zealots Attack
    30. 30. The Religious Context 1. Palestine in the time of Christ was a hotbed of conflict between sects. 2. The sects were various attempts to remain true to the Word of God in a changing world. 3. Christians throughout history have used the same four approaches to adapt to changes in the world.
    31. 31. The Literary Context
    32. 32. The Literary Context The New Testament is a collection of 27 books that we believe are inspired by God. These books fall into four categories: 1. Gospels 2. History 3. Letters 4. Prophecy
    33. 33. The Literary Context Gospels The New Testament contains four gospels that record the life of Jesus Christ. The gospels are at the base of our diagram because they are the foundation for the rest of the New Testament. Gospels History Letters Prophecy
    34. 34. The Literary Context History The New Testament has only one historical book—Acts. It records the history of the early church, with emphasis on the spread of the gospel. It appears between the gospels and the letters because it is the link between them. Gospels History Letters Prophecy
    35. 35. The Literary Context Letters There are 21 letters in the New Testament, 13 by Paul and 8 both others (John, Peter, James, Jude, and Hebrews). Paul was the leading theologian in the early church. He interpreted the life of Christ for the church. Gospels History Letters Prophecy
    36. 36. The Literary Context Prophecy The only prophetic book in the New Testament is Revelation, which reveals the final triumph of Jesus Christ over all the forces of darkness. It is at the top of our diagram, because it marks the climax of history as the mission of God. Gospels History Letters Prophecy
    37. 37. Conclusion
    38. 38. Summary 1. The historical context: God prepare the world through Roman roads, Greek language, and Jewish religion. 2. The religious context: Palestine was a hotbed of conflict between sects, each attempting to remain faithful to the word of God. 3. The literary context: there are 27 books in the New Testament—four gospels, one historical, 21 letters, and one prophetic.

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