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Biblical Ethics 4: Love for Neighbour 2 - Life

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This is Lesson 4 of the Biblical Ethics course in the Crossroads Programme. Crossroads is a discipleship programme written Dr Kevin Smith (http://kevinsmith.co.za) and offered by the South African Theological Seminary (http://www.satsonline.org).

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Biblical Ethics 4: Love for Neighbour 2 - Life

  1. 1. Biblical Ethics 3 - Love for Neighbour 2: Life
  2. 2. Lesson OverviewIn lessons 3-7 of this course we are going to study thelast six commandments five headings: 1. Biblical Values regarding Family 2. Biblical Values regarding Life You are here 3. Biblical Values regarding Sex 4. Biblical Values regarding Property 5. Biblical Values regarding Truth
  3. 3. Biblical Values regarding Life
  4. 4. The Sanctity of LifeThe sixth commandment is about Matthew 5:21-22the value of life. Its force can in You have heard that it was said tono way be limited specifically to the people long ago, ‘Do notthe crime of murder. Murder murder, and anyone who murdersmust be understood as the head will be subject to judgment.’ But Iof its family of sins, the family of tell you that anyone who is angryviolent sins. The Lord Jesus Christ with his brother will be subject tomade it clear in his commentary judgment. Again, anyone whoon the Law that the purpose of says to his brother, ‘Raca,’ isthis command includes anger and answerable to the Sanhedrin. Buthatred. anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell.
  5. 5. The Sanctity of LifeWe are going to study the 1) Murderbiblical values regardinglife and the taking of life 2) Hatredunder six headings. 3) Capital Punishment 4) Abortion 5) Suicide and Euthanasia 6) War
  6. 6. The Value of Life 1MURDER
  7. 7. Murder1) Exodus 20:13 forbids murder, not all forms of killing.
  8. 8. Murder1) Exodus 20:13 forbids murder, not all forms of killing.2) Three conditions must be met for the taking of a life to constitute for “murder”: a) Malice b) Planning c) Injustice
  9. 9. Murder3) The taking of life is not “murder” in the following instances: a) Self-defence b) Capital punishment c) War
  10. 10. Murder3) The taking of life is not “murder” in the following instances: a) Self-defence b) Capital punishment c) War4) God’s law does prohibit vengeance in the form of vigilante justice.
  11. 11. The Value of Life 2HATRED
  12. 12. HatredThe Lord Jesus Christ equated expressions of hatredwith violations of the sixth commandment.
  13. 13. HatredThe Lord Jesus Christ equated expressions of hatredwith violations of the sixth commandment. 1) Rage: temper tantrums
  14. 14. HatredThe Lord Jesus Christ equated expressions of hatredwith violations of the sixth commandment. 1) Rage: temper tantrums 2) Resentment: sullen sulking
  15. 15. HatredThe Lord Jesus Christ equated expressions of hatredwith violations of the sixth commandment. 1) Rage: temper tantrums 2) Resentment: sullen sulking 3) Revenge: vengeful vendettas
  16. 16. HatredThe Lord Jesus Christ equated expressions of hatredwith violations of the sixth commandment. 1) Rage: temper tantrums 2) Resentment: sullen sulking 3) Revenge: vengeful vendettas 4) Raca! mocking mouths
  17. 17. HatredThe Lord Jesus Christ equated expressions of hatredwith violations of the sixth commandment. 1) Rage: temper tantrums 2) Resentment: sullen sulking 3) Revenge: vengeful vendettas 4) Raca! mocking mouths 5) Racism: cultural contempt
  18. 18. The Value of Life 3CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
  19. 19. Capital Punishment1) Under the New Covenant, the Old Testament law code is no longer binding.
  20. 20. Capital Punishment1) Under the New Covenant, the Old Testament law code is no longer binding.2) The Old Testament principle of justice: the punishment must fit the crime.
  21. 21. Capital Punishment1) Under the New Covenant, the Old Testament law code is no longer binding.2) The Old Testament principle of justice: the punishment must fit the crime.3) The principle of just punishment was never intended to permit personal revenge.
  22. 22. Capital Punishment4) The modern case against the death penalty rests heavily on two false arguments:
  23. 23. Capital Punishment4) The modern case against the death penalty rests heavily on two false arguments: a) Human beings are the highest form of life, so taking human life is the worst kind of sin.
  24. 24. Capital Punishment4) The modern case against the death penalty rests heavily on two false arguments: a) Human beings are the highest form of life, so taking human life is the worst kind of sin. b) Individuals are not responsible for their actions; they are just the product of their genetic code and environmental conditioning.
  25. 25. Capital Punishment5) Although Israel’s civil laws are not binding today, God’s principle of justice favours a nation having the death penalty for capital crimes.
  26. 26. The Value of Life 4ABORTION
  27. 27. Abortion1) The modern abortion debate centres around two main issues: a) The beginning of life b) The quality of life
  28. 28. Abortion2) The Bible and medical research indicate that an embryo is fully human.
  29. 29. Abortion2) The Bible and medical research indicate that an embryo is fully human.3) Therefore, to abort at any stage of pregnancy is murder.
  30. 30. Abortion2) The Bible and medical research indicate that an embryo is fully human.3) Therefore, to abort at any stage of pregnancy is murder.4) The only exception is if it is necessary to save the mother’s life.
  31. 31. The Value of Life 5SUICIDE AND EUTHANASIA
  32. 32. Suicide and Euthanasia1) Suicide
  33. 33. Suicide and Euthanasia1) Suicide a) Attempted suicide is a sin requiring repentance, but not a crime requiring punishment.
  34. 34. Suicide and Euthanasia1) Suicide a) Attempted suicide is a sin requiring repentance, but not a crime requiring punishment. b) A believer who commits suicide goes to heaven.
  35. 35. Suicide and Euthanasia2) Euthanasia
  36. 36. Suicide and Euthanasia2) Euthanasia a) Euthanasia means good death—ending people’s lives to end their suffering.
  37. 37. Suicide and Euthanasia2) Euthanasia a) Euthanasia means good death—ending people’s lives to end their suffering. b) Active euthanasia is murder; it is prohibited by Scripture.
  38. 38. Suicide and Euthanasia2) Euthanasia a) Euthanasia means good death—ending people’s lives to end their suffering. b) Active euthanasia is murder; it is prohibited by Scripture. c) Passive euthanasia is justified in extreme circumstances.
  39. 39. The Value of Life 6WAR
  40. 40. WarWhat is the Christian attitude towards warfareand military service? There are two primaryChristian views regarding whether believersshould participate in war.
  41. 41. WarWhat is the Christian attitude towards warfareand military service? There are two primaryChristian views regarding whether believersshould participate in war. 1) Non-resistance: belief in no war
  42. 42. WarWhat is the Christian attitude towards warfareand military service? There are two primaryChristian views regarding whether believersshould participate in war. 1) Non-resistance: belief in no war 2) Self-defence: belief in just war
  43. 43. Conclusion
  44. 44. Conclusion1) By definition, murder is taking a life unjustly with malice and planning. Taking life in the form of capital punishment, self-defence, and war are not murder.2) Jesus Christ equated all forms of hatred, including racism, with a murderous heart.3) God ordained the death penalty in Israel as the just punishment for capital crimes. This is a model for national civil law.
  45. 45. Conclusion4) God considers an unborn child (foetus) as a human being; taking its life for any reason other than to save the mother’s life is murder.5) Suicide and active euthanasia are against the will of God.6) Christians are divided with respect to whether they should participate in war. The two views are the “now war” and the “just war” positions.

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