Policy – reduce the needs of using landfill• No rubbish, no landfill• Reduce the amount of rubbish is the fastest and effective way to reduce the needs of using landfill• Government made plans since 1989 (the time that they stopped using• Not strong enough!• Some plans are stilling “planning” now!
Check for the new aimshttp://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/msw/htm_en/ch01/main.htm
Domestic wastes recycling• At least 4 types of wastes can be recycled• only three recycle box
Domestic wastes recycling• Glass – Throw 600 tons per day – Only 1- 2 % are recycled – No benefit, government just leave it.. – Hotel, bar… (voluntary) – Some organizations need government support (just lend them some places to collect glass) • passive , even reject! – One year recycle glass program for testing in 6 estate (start at December, 2010
Domestic wastes recycling• In public housing estate->relay on NGO : Example : 綠樂無窮在屋村 (5 years education program, 2005-2010)• In private housing estate->All relay on themselves->No mandatory requirement
Food waste• Food Waste Recycling Partnership Scheme started at June 1, 2010• Funding scheme on domestic food waste reduction and recycling started at July 4,2011• Voluntary->All these projects relay on NGO again!• Two Organic Waste Treatment Facilities->Still a “plan”http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201107/04/P201107040105.htm
Voluntary recycle projects1. Computer Recycling Program2. Fluorescent Lamp Recycling Program3. Rechargeable Battery Recycling Program• All are voluntary and relay on NGO and related industry!
Supporting on recycle industry• Refuse to subsidize the recycle industry• Only give some special area of short term rent• No effective facilities and policies to collect material• No suitable facilities for them to treat the collected material• Large amount of recycle material are export out• No favor for the recycle industry
Policy with law (1) • Construction waste disposal charging Scheme • Encourage the construction waste • Illegal construction waste disposal • Maximum penalty : $ 200,000 + 6 months’ imprisonmenthttp://www.isd.gov.hk/eng/tvapi/07_wr10.html
Policy with law (2)• The environment levy scheme on plastic shopping bag started on 7 July 2009• New law : Product Eco- responsibility (Cap. 603)• The number of using plastic shopping bag decrease sharply.• Bug in law, The number of Chemical-bonded nonwoven being discard. http://news.hkheadline.com/instantnews/news_content/201107/20/20110720a 131628.html?cat=a
Policies1. Waste Charging2. Producer responsibly schemes3. Landfill disposal bans• Still “planning”!• Recycle aims : 55%-> too low, still relay on landfill!
Education and promotion• TV, web, in school• Lots but too general• Some important recycling projects does not promote well• Some promotions are done by NGO
Summary× Too relay on NGO and industry× Bad cooperation between different departments and NGO× Too much voluntary policies , quite passive× Do not put enough resource to support× The aims are too low Seem to be speed up now New policies and new technology