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Election Commission of India


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Powerpoint Presentation on Election Commission of India By Mr.KevalaM

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Election Commission of India

  1. 1. PLEASE PRESS F5 
  2. 2. Keval Kanani IX B Roll No- 03 Social Science FA – III Activity
  3. 3. Election Commission Of India Formed: 25 January 1950 (Later celebrated as NationalVoters Day) Jurisdiction: India Headquarters: New Delhi 28°36′50″N 77°12′32″E Agency executive: Syed Nasim Ahmad Zaidi,Chief Election Commissioner Website:
  4. 4. The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering election processes in India . The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabhaa, state legislatures, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country.. The Election Commission operates under the authority ofConstitution, and subsequently enacted Representation of the People Act. The Commission has the residuary powers under the Constitution, to act in an appropriate manner when the enacted laws make insufficient provisions to deal with a given situation in the conduct of an election.
  5. 5. Originally in 1950, the commission had only a Chief Election Commissioner.Two additional Commissioners were appointed to the commission for the first time on October 16, 1989 but they had a very short tenure, ending on January 1, 1990.The Election Commissioner Amendment Act, 1993 made the Commission a multi-member body.The concept of a 3- member Commission has been in operation since then, with the decisions being made by a majority vote .The Chief Election Commissioner and the two Election Commissioners draw salaries and allowances at par with those of the Judges of the Supreme Court of India as per the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners (Conditions of Service) Rules, 1992. STRUCTURES
  6. 6. The Chief Election Commissioner of India can be removed from his office by the Parliament with a two-thirds majority in both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha on the grounds of proven misbehavior or incapacity. Other Election Commissioners can be removed by the President of India on the recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner.A Chief ElectionCommissioner has never been impeached in India. In 2009, just before the 2009 Lok Sabha Elections, CEC N. Gopalaswami sent a recommendation to President Patil to remove Election Commissioner Navin Chawla, who was soon to take office as the Chief Election Commissioner and to subsequently supervise the Lok Sabha Election, citing his partisan behavior in favor of one political party.The President opined that such a recommendation is not binding on the President, and hence rejected it. Subsequently, after Gopalaswami's retirement the next month, Chawla became the Chief Election Commissioner and supervised the 2009 Lok Sabha Elections.
  7. 7. One of the most important features of the democratic polity is elections at regular intervals. Holding periodic free and fair elections are essentials of a democratic system and a part of the basic structure of the Constitution .The Election Commission is regarded as the guardian of elections in the country. In every election, it issues a Model code of Conduct for political parties and candidates to conduct elections in a free and fair manner.The Commission issued the code for the first time in 1971 for the 5th Lok Sabha elections and revised it from time to time. It lays down guidelines for the conduct of political parties and candidates during an election period. However, there have been instances of violation of the code by various political parties with complaints being received for misuse of official machinery by the candidates.The code does not have any specific statutory basis but only a persuasive effect. It contains the rules of electoral morality.However, this lack of statutory backing does not prevent the Commission from enforcing it. E.C. FUNCTIONS
  8. 8. State Election Commission  The power of superintendence, direction and control of all elections to the local government bodies vest with the State Election Commissions as envisaged in Article 243K of the Constitution of India.The Constitutional (73rd Amendment) Act, passed in 1992 by the Narasimha Rao government, came into force on April 24, 1993. It was meant to provide constitutional sanction to establish "democracy at the grassroots level as it is at the state level or national level"The State Election Commissioner(SEC) has several unique powers pertaining to the elections to Local Bodies.The SEC chairs the Delimitation Commission which delimits local government constituencies and has full powers to conduct local government elections, including disciplinary powers over staff who are on election duty.The SEC assigns reserved posts and constituencies and can disqualify candidates who do not submit election accounts, those found guilty of defection and elected representative who do not convene the Grama
  9. 9. Office of election commission
  10. 10. NOTA (None of the above)
  11. 11.  In 2014, None of the above or NOTA was also added as an option on the voting machines which is now a mandatory option to be provided in any election.[ The specific symbol for NOTA, a ballot paper with a black cross across it, was introduced on September 18, 2015. The symbol has been designed by National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad . With the Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2015 , the state became the first to have photo electoral rolls, with photographs of the candidates on the EVMs.
  12. 12. EVM (ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHIEN) Eletronic voting machines (EVM) Are being used in Indian generaland state elections to implement electronic voting in part from 1999 elections and in total since 2004 elections.The EVMs reduce the time in both casting a vote and declaring the results compared to the old paper ballot system.After rulings of Delhi High Court and Supreme Court and demands from various political parties, Election Commission decided to introduce EVMs withVoter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)system.
  13. 13. Dr. Nasim Zaidi Chief Election Commissioner Sh.A K Joti Sh. Om Prakash Rawat Election Commissioner Election Commissioner Chief Election Commissioner(CEC)
  14. 14. Photos Of Cheif Election Comminers