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New Inventions And Technologies 5 3.1


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New Inventions And Technologies 5 3.1

  1. 1. New inventions and Technologies 5-3.1
  2. 2. BrainPOP <ul><li>Industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Take the quiz while you are watching the movie!!! </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>The changes are continuing from the US economy prior to the Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>The main change was from an economy based on agriculture and trade to production of manufactured goods. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Manufactured Goods <ul><li>Required the following to make goods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raw materials (land) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers (labor) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital equipment (capital) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New ideas (technology) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology = new ideas about how to do something as well as the equipment needed to do it. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Transportation System <ul><li>The transcontinental railroad shipped materials to cities where manufacturers changed raw materials to consumer products. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, it was shipped all over the country! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grains from Great Plains became cereal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hogs and cattle became meat served for dinner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iron ore was shipped to build more railroads and skyscrapers. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. New methods of Mass Production <ul><li>Used to turn raw materials into consumer products. </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Carnegie: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bessemer Process- converted iron to steel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His company Carnegie Steel built huge steel foundries and created a monopoly on the production of steel. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. New methods continued <ul><li>Meat Packers- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ dis-assembly’ line where hogs and cattle were killed and then cut into steaks and chops, and leftovers were made into sausages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some said they could use every part of the pig, but its squeal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interchangeable parts- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used first in the 1700s by Eli Whitney </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assembly line- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Ford used in 1913 to make automobiles </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Telegraph vs. Telephone <ul><li>Invented by Alexander Graham Bell to improve communication of the telegraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses could communicate more quickly and easily. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon homes of wealthy people had phones and eventually almost every home would have one. </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone much easier to use. </li></ul>1.Invented by Samuel Morse to help railroads communicate, stay on schedule and prevent accidents. 2. Used to place orders for goods (both raw and finished) and make sure it is delivered to the right place. Telephone Telegraph
  9. 9. The Light Bulb <ul><li>It was NOT invented by Thomas Edison, instead he improved it and made it practical for use! </li></ul><ul><li>Edison invented the incandescent light bulb in 1879. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoted economic growth because it made it possible to light factories and homes more safely. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made use of electricity popular. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Electricity <ul><li>Electric generator was built in 1881 and electric lines were strung in cities and towns. </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity helped manufacturing plants, so they no longer had to use water power or steam power from coal burning. </li></ul><ul><li>Light bulb contributed to economic growth by encouraging development of electrical powered plants. </li></ul>
  11. 11. More about electricity <ul><li>Electricity helped: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation by electric powered street cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor saving devices: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Washing machine and vacuum cleaner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only some women could afford them </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job opportunities: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone operator </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sewing machine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Typewriter </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Closure <ul><li>Exit Slip: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write 5 facts you learned today during the lesson on new inventions and technologies . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Share at your learning club 1 thing you thought was the most interesting! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start with the person who has the longest hair! </li></ul></ul>