1st Sport to be Codified
• Cricket was the earliest modern team sport
to be codified i.e. the cricket gave itself rules
and regulations so that it could be played in
a uniform and standardised way.
LAWS OF CRICKET
The first written Laws of Cricket were drawn
up in 1744. They stated:
The gentlemen present two umpires who shall
absolutely decide all disputes.
The stumps must be 22 inches high and the
bail across them six inches.
The ball must be between 5 and 6 ounces
The two sets of stumps 22 yards apart.
World’s First Cricket Club
• The world’s first cricket club was formed in
Hambledon in the 1760s.
Marylebone Cricket Club(MCC)
• The Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) was
founded in 1787.
• In1788, the MCC published its first revision of
the laws and became the guardian of cricket’s
Changes occurred in 19th Century
• The rule about wide balls was applied
• The exact circumference of the ball was
• Protective equipment like pads and gloves
• Boundaries were introduced where previously
all shots had to be run and, most importantly,
over-arm bowling became legal.
• The bat, the stumps and the bails are made of
• The ball is made with leather, twine and cork.
• Pads and protective gloves are made of
• Helmets are made of metals and synthetic
light wear material.
• Thomas Arnold, headmaster
of the famous Rugby School
and founder of the modern
public school system, saw
team sport like cricket and
rugby not just as outdoor play,
but as an organised way of
teaching English boys the
discipline, the importance of
hierarchy, the skills, the codes
of honour and the leadership
qualities that helped them
build and run the British
The spread of cricket
Cricket was established as a popular sport by
• white settlers (as in South Africa, Zimbabwe,
Australia, New Zealand, the West Indies and
• local elites who wanted to copy the habits of
their colonial masters, as in India.
• The first time a black
player led the West
Indies Test team was in
1960 when Frank
Worrell was named
First Indian Club
• The first Indian Club, The Calcutta Cricket Club
was established in 1792.
Oriental Cricket Club
• The Parsis founded the First Indian Cricket Club,
the Oriental Cricket Club in 1848.
• They were funded and sponsored by Tatas and
• They got no help from the whites.
Quadrangular And Pentangular
• Ranji Trophy was initially named Quadrangular
because it was played by 4 teams:
• Later it was named Pentangular when a fifth
team was added that was Rest(Indian Christians).
India’s First Test Captain
• C.K. Nayudu was the
first India’s test
captain. He was an
of his time. He played
his first test match
against England in
First Test Match
• The first test was played between England and
Australia when Australia was a white settler colony.
International Cricket Conference (ICC)
• The regulations of International cricket were in
the hands of Imperial Cricket Conference(ICC).
• It was renamed International Cricket Conference
• It was dominated by England and Australia.
• They had the Veto powers.
• Kerry Packer was an Australian
tycoon. he saw the money
making potential of cricket as a
televised sport .
• He signed world’s leading
cricketers for 2 years
• He started unofficial tests and
one day matches under the
name of world series cricket.
• He bought the innovations to
make cricket more attractive to
television audience and changed
the nature of the game.
Shifting of the ICC headquarters
• As India had the largest viewership. The ICC
headquarters was shifted to Asia.
• Presently it is in Dubai.
• Today, the global marketplace has made Indian
players the best-paid, most famous cricketers
in the game, men for whom the world is a