Art basics for young children


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Art basics for young children

  1. 1. ARTBasics forYoung Children The Basic Process
  2. 2. Remember for all art activities All children should wear smocks Floor should be covered Clean-up supplies should be at easy access Have all materials ready and waiting for the children-there should be no wait time at all Check for allergies to items you may be using. Have tape or marker to write name on back of art work before hand.
  3. 3. Painting You will need a variety of materials when painting Tempera Painting Paper for painting- newsprint, manila or white drawing paper, colored construction paper, wall paper ends, wrapping paper, shelf paper, opened paper bags and even printed newspaper. Brushes- 9 or 10 inch long natural handled brushes are best for young children. Accessories- Containers to hold paint, floor cover, easels, clips or tape to hold paper, sponges, paper towels or fabric scrap to blot excess paint, one container of clear water to rinse brushes, crayon on string for child to write name.
  4. 4. Have children make theirown brushes to paint with.
  5. 5. Water color Water color paper Water colors come in a tube or a cake. Container of water
  6. 6. Finger painting Finger paint is a pudding–like paint or can be purchased as a powder. Adding a tablespoon of liquid cornstarch helps powder finger-paint spread better. Finger paint paper- glossy finish Paint directly on table
  7. 7. Print making The art of applying color to an object and transferring it onto something else. Use ink pads, thick tempera or finger paint Children can apply color in many ways- painted with a brush, daubed with finger or with a small rubber roller. Any item that children can draw on can be used. Including fabrics, card board, plastic and wood.
  8. 8. Monoprint A single print which is made by pressingpaper or other surface directly onto paint and removing, leaving the printed image on the paper or surface.
  9. 9. Printing with found materials You can make prints with sponges, woodscrapes, erasers, bottle caps, buttons, blocks, forks, straws etc. They are using feathers to make prints
  10. 10. Painted with pine cones
  11. 11. Painting with stencils
  12. 12. Plate/Block PrintingWhen wanting to make a print of something in quantities an image can put made on onto a plate (block).Items to use for a plate (block) Plasticine Soft bar of soap A block with something on for texture
  13. 13. Applying dyesDip and dye- The process of dipping folds of white paper towels or strong white napkins into a food color bath.
  14. 14. Tie and dye- Decorating fabrics such as unbleached muslin, handkerchiefs, and t- shirts. Use non-toxic commercial dyes that mix with water or special cold water dyes for use with children.
  15. 15. Simple batik- The art of drawing on fabric with wax or paste and then brush or dip in a dye bath. The areas of the design that have been protected by the wax will resist color. You need this type of glue..Elmers Galactic Glue. They also sell a non glitter version which I think will work as well just make sure it is the washable blue gel.
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Applying color mixtures While children use paints and dyes theyfrequently discover that certain colors mix to form new colors.
  18. 18. Rollovers- Use one or more colors of paint with rollers and when a new color is rolled across another color, the color will change.
  19. 19. Dribble trails- Thin tempera paint orwater colors for easy flow. Add to brush andsqueeze access onto paper to make a puddle.After many puddles, trail a clean brushthrough the puddles to mix the colors.
  20. 20. Dropper blends- children mix colorsby dropping different colors together.
  21. 21. Drawing- The art of creating an imageform on any possible material.
  22. 22. Crayons
  23. 23. Use little bits of broken crayons to make multi colors ones.
  24. 24. Types of paper/ material for crayon work-•Plastic window shade•Sand paper•Corrugated board•Bleached or unbleached muslin•And other textured paper work well with crayons
  25. 25. Techniques with crayons Pressing hard Light pressure Making pastels by coloring over all colors with white Using the sides and the tips of crayons Cut notches in the side of crayon for exciting effects
  26. 26. Scratch drawings (sgraffito) method-Color a small piece of cardboard or oak tagwith a thick layer of crayon. Use a safe sharpobject to scratch an image revealing theoriginal paper on the bottom.
  27. 27. Crayon resist method- Color the paper with a thick layer of crayon. Use a deep shade of tempera paint with water added. Cover the colored paper with a thin coat, using even strokes next to each other. Use a safe sharp object to scratch away the black to reveal a picture of color.
  28. 28. Rubbing method- remove the paper from the crayons. Use a fairly thin paper over an object or surface that can be rubbed against with the side of the crayon.
  29. 29. Rub-off stencil method- Draw the outline of a form on sturdy paper. Heavily crayon a border about one inch along the edge of the form. Cut out the form. Hold, tape or staple the cut out to a piece of drawing paper. Rub the color from the border onto the drawing paper using a tissue or cotton ball. Be sure to go around the whole form. Remove the form from the paper and there is a silhouette.
  30. 30. Felt-tip markers
  31. 31. ChalkThe following techniques will help keep the powdery colors from flaking off. Brush coat the paper before drawing with a sugar/ water (3 tsp) per cup of water. Mix equal parts of water and liquid laundry starch and brush onto paper before drawing with chalk. Dip the dry chalk into one of the above solutions instead of wetting the paper.
  32. 32. Cutting, pasting, attaching
  33. 33. Collage- The selection and mounting ofmaterials on a flat surface to make a 2dimensional picture
  34. 34. Montage- The making of a collage byusing only ready made pictures.
  35. 35. Mosaics- The art of creating an image withpieces of materials place side by side to.
  36. 36. Yarn painting- gluing yarn designs on aflat surface.
  37. 37. ModelingUsing items to make 3 dimensional forms Modeling clay and dough clay Paper- cut, torn, bent and folded Wire Lumber Plaster Paper–mache Sawdust Sand Mud
  38. 38. Clay Sand
  39. 39. Paper
  40. 40. Found materials
  41. 41. Woodworking
  42. 42. Paper-mache
  43. 43. Plaster
  44. 44. Puppets and masks Sometimes the process ofmaking a creation can lead to a functional product.
  45. 45. Stick puppet Tube puppet
  46. 46. Paper platecharacters
  47. 47. Finger puppets
  48. 48. Puppets with found materials
  49. 49. Scenery andstages
  50. 50. MasksMasks, like puppets, allow children to disguise themselves during play. Face masks
  51. 51. InterlacingIt takes little effort to interest children in stitching, weaving and knotting.
  52. 52. Ladder Loom Circular loom
  53. 53. PhotographyCapturing an image onto another material.
  54. 54. Work CitedLasky, L., & Mukerji, R. (1980). Art basicfor young children. Washinton DC,:NAEYC.