Aims of Lighting Television1. Provide TV camera adequate illumination and can produce technically acceptable picture.2. To help the viewers to recognize how they look like, and where they are in relation to one another (create illusion of depth).3. To establish a general feeling and mood of the event.
Lighting Means Control Light and Shadows.To show the shape and texture of face / object.Suggest a particular environment.
Types of Light DirectionalProduce by spotlight / illuminatesrelatively small area with a distinctlight beam.Produce / well defined shadows.Example – Sun on a cloudless day.
Basic Terminology in TV Lighting Key Light Apparent principal source of directional illumination falling upon a subject or an and / reveals basic shapers / of an object.
The Back Light Creates illumination from behindthe subject and opposite thecamera / distinguishes hasshadow of an object from thebackground and emphasis theobject outline.
The Fill Light Provides generally diffusedillumination to reduce shadows.
The Background Light (Set Light) Used specifically to illuminate thebackground or the set.
The Kicker LightDirectional illumination from the back, one side of the subject usually from low angle opposite the key light.It highlights and defines entire side of a talent. Separating him or her from background.
Key Light NotionBroad midday sunlight top of head the same way key light given from top / left / right. To reveal basic shapes must produce some shadows.Light used – Fresnel spotlight (medium spread) / even scoop / Broad / Soft light / for special purpose.
Back Light To separate subject frombackground / (Spot) it is givenopposite to camera.
Fill Light / Flood Light / Reflected To slow down the fall off (means make shadows less dominant and transparent) / opposite side of the camera from key light.
Specific Lighting Techniques1. Flat Lighting2. Continuous – action lighting3. Large area lighting4. Cameo lighting5. Silhouette lighting6. Chroma key lighting
Flood Light1. It is quick2. Flexible3. Fix Lighting Possible News Discussion.
Continuous Action Lighting – Drama / Soap Opera1. Prominent shadows.2. Camera Dynamic.3. Shooting with different angle.4. So no fix key / feel / it changes.
Large Area LightingAudience Participation and Orchestra.
Cameo LightingDrama against unlighted background / black background.Concentrates on the talent / notan environment.
Silhouette LightingOpposite of Cameo lighting,Background is Lighted / Figureunlighted
Chroma KeyBlue background / to provided avariety of scenes / electronicallygenerated visuals replaced Bluearea equal intensity light.
ENG / EFP - Lighting LimitationShooting in available light at nighttime, require Partial or Completeillumination by using lights.
Very short time for doing Lightingon location.
Broad day sunlight / Somestanding in Shadow / some inlighted area / white cloths.(The digital recording system alsocan face problems in such asituation.)
Auto iris mode – faithfully readbright light & dull light and closeits iris to optimal exposure / thedrastic reduction of light. Comingin lense & darken equally allobjects Face Black / People inShadow black, etc. etc.
1. Shoot a Person in a shadow area.2. Use a reflector to make shadows more dominant and also give a reflected light to the unlighten face
3. Use of a neutral density filter act like sunglasses / reduce extreme brightness.
The best solution for fast newsrelated shoot to put camera in autoiris mode ND filter.
Cloudy day light is good for O / Dshooting in indoor light.
Various props / Bright windowsproduce different intensity of lightKey / fill / Back – effect of trianglelighting / Back light effect is amust.