poverty in India by Keshav rawat


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poverty in India by Keshav rawat

  1. 1. 1.Introduction POVERTY And POVERTY LINE 2.Social Exclusion 3.Vulnerability 4.Inter-state Disparities 5.Global Poverty 6. Causes Of Poverty and anti poverty programmes
  2. 2. POVERTY AND POVERTY LINE POVERTY: Every forth person in India is poor.This means, roughly 260 million(or 26 crore) people in India live in poverty.This also means that has the largest single concentration of the poor in the world.This illustration the seriousness of the challenge. POVERTY LINE: A common method used to measure poverty is based on the income or consumption levels.A person is considered poor if his/her income or consumption level falls below a given “minimum level” necessary to fulfill their basic needs. Poverty line is also below from low line.
  3. 3. Poverty must be seen in terms of the poor having to live only in a poor surrounding with other poor people, excluded from enjoying social equality of better-off people in better surroundings.Social Exclusion can be both a cause as well as consequence of poverty in usual sense.
  4. 4. Vulnerability to poverty is a measure, which describes the greater probability of certain communities(Members of a backward caste) or individuals(such as widow or a physically handicapped person)of becoming , or remaining, poor in the coming years.In fact, vulnerability describes the greater probability of being more adversely affected than other people when bad time comes for everybody, whether a flood or an earthquake or simply a fall in the availability of jobs!
  5. 5. Inter-State Disparities
  6. 6. Global Poverty
  7. 7. POVERTY COMPARISION BETWEEN SOME COUNTRY COUNTRY % of population below $1 a day •Nigeria 70.8 •Bangladesh 36.0 •India 35.3 •Pakistan 17.0 •China 16.6 •Brazil 8.2 •Indonesia 7.5 •Sri lanka 5.6
  8. 8. CAUSES OF POVERTY • • • • • • • • British Rule Rural Economy Heavy Pressure of Population Lack of Proper Industrialisation Social Factors India economy Policy Neo-Liberal Policies and Their Effects Chronic Unemployment and underemployment
  9. 9. Anti-Poverty (Programmes by Government) The current anti-poverty strategy of the government is based on so many schemes which are formulated to affect poverty directly or indirectly. Some of them are: NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOMENT GUARANTEE ACT NATIONAL FOOD FOR WORK PROGRAMME PRIME MINISTER ROZGAR YOZANA RURAL EMPLOYMENT GENERATION PROGRAMME SWARNAJAYANTI GRAM SWAROZGAR YOGANA MANTRI GRAMODAYA YOGANA