Study of understanding, (features of the houses, based on the culture)
Distribute questionnaires to the Mall (2 hours )Meeting with Sir Gabriel, Dr Hairuni, Dr Hasharina, Dr Khairunnisa with regards to the Project's result (1 hour)Met Dr Rina and Gabriel & then off to Beribi Flat area and rural areasDistribute questionnaires to remote / rural areas in Tutong
1st Attempt was on the 25th Sept (like ibrahim, berjaya,)-> 2nd Attempt wason the 29th Sept, (Berjaya, ibrahim, ceklgi)(no result)
First, in English version. (Here we started to email friends, families & relatives)In Malay version. (why? Some respondent requested it)
Because our main target is distributing questionnaire especially to low income people
Tutong Area: Tanjung Maya, Lamunin, Layong: 26/10/2011, 6-9pm
We managed to get some respondent
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Bullet point instead of pnjg2Windows separate it
Title n source
Cover more rural as well
Reduce recommendation n primary data, select the result.
CULTURAL CONSIDERATION IN VERTICAL LIVING IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
PRESENTERS1. Mohd Hafidz Bin Haji Hassan / 09b12262. Siti Liyana Binti Abdul Rahim / 09b10413. Hjh Khairah Siregar bte Hj Hairudin / 09B11194. Nor Azeerah Bte Jasseri / 09b12005. Ak Hj Ahmad Adib Bin Pg Hj Aji / 09b11686. Ak Md Syahir Fadillah bin Pg Salleh / 09b10077. Md Amalul Ariffin Bin Abd Azis 09b12578. Ak Abdul Malek Bin Pg Bidin 09b1254
The research team consists of 5 respectivelecturers from Geography and development and Environmental Studies Programme, University Brunei Darusalam :1. DK Noor Hasharina Bte Pg Hj Hassan (Mentor) 2. Gabriel Yong (coordinator) 3. Izni Azrein Noor Azalie 4. Khairunnisa Ibrahim 5. Dr. Hjh Hairuni Hj Ali Maricar
OUTLINE Introduction Methodology Results Other Primary Data Recommendations and conclusion
INTRODUCTION What the project is all about and why it is important? It is focusing in vertical living in Brunei Darussalam along with practicing sustainable consumption. It is also view on how we can sustain the energy and to preserve it for the future generation’s use. Increasing sustainable consumption as well as help promote Bandar Seri Begawan to become a more sustainable city.
Why green house building?1. To save energy and resources, recycle materials and minimize the emission of toxic substances throughout its life cycle.2. Harmonize with the local climate, traditions, culture and the surrounding environment3. To sustain and improve the quality of human life whilst maintaining the capacity of the ecosystem at local and global levels.
4. Make efficient use of resources have significant operational savings and increases workplace productivity.5. Sends the right message about a company or organization- well run, responsible and committed to the future. Why it is important? To examine the trend and Brunei demand for the type of housing they want and propose a site for vertical housing projects that are essential to the development of the property
OBJECTIVES To identify a typology of consumption in Brunei society and their characteristics To examine the views/perceptions and misunderstandings in relation to sustainable consumption among community samples of Brunei society. To respond the question of whether people of Brunei are ready for sustainable consumption based on data analysis.
AIMS & HYPOTHESIS To argue that the perceptive and approval of the Bruneian’s lifestyle, social and cultural proxemics are really important for urban planners to consider. Hypothesis – Bruneian agree with vertical housing in the future as their housing scheme only if the requirements of the cultural space in high rise buildings are fulfilled
WHEN WE STARTED AND UNTIL WHEN? This project took about 2 months, which started from September to November to complete and the research schedule includes:
TIME ACTIVITIES a week before Divided tasks to contact the architects of BruneiSeptember 24th ,2011 Went to meet architect Berjaya.September 28th, 2011 1st conference with supervisor (for half an hour ) 1st Meeting with the architects Mr Wong (1 hour) and Mr October 1st, 2011 Halimuddin (10-15 minutes) 2nd Meeting with architects Wong (15-30minutes) and went to Kg October 3rd, 2011 Manggis but to no avail Meeting with Dr Rina with regards to our findings October 5th, 2011 (approximately 15-30 minutes) and then we discussed among ourselves about the architects. October 6th, 2011 Survey questionnaires is released via email (English Version) October 8th, 2011 Survey questionnaires is released in (Malay Version)
October 13th, 2011 Distribute questionnaires to the Mall (2 hours ) Meeting with Sir Gabriel, Dr Hairuni, Dr Hasharina, Dr October 15th, 2011 Khairunnisa with regards to the Projects result (1 hour) Met Dr Rina and Gabriel & then off to Beribi Flat area and October 24th, 2011 rural areas. Distributed the questionnaires to public at The Mall Gadong Went to Tutong areas Kpg Bang Dalam October 26th, 2011 Distribute questionnaires to remote / rural areas in Tutong Consult supervisor at 12 (less than an hour) and then and then Sir Gabriel taught 3 of the group members how to key the result October 27th, 2011 data into the excel. We divided task about our findings and do
METHODOLOGY1) ARCHITECTS - By Telephone - Went to their offices - Direct Meeting without an appointment2) ONLINE SURVEY3) Distributing questionnaire to public. (fieldwork)
1) ARCHITECT On 15th Sept, 2011, we started to call them (referred from yellow pages) Approaching directly to their offices. -> 1st Attempt was on the 25th Sept (Arkitek Ibrahim & berjaya,) -> 2nd Attempt was on the 29th Sept, -> 3rd Attempt was On the 1st Oct,2011 we received immediate respond & meeting with: a) Rekarya (Gadong) b) Berjaya (Tungku link)
Advantages: By making a call, we know which architects have this kind of project (green house and building) By approaching the architects, we manage to get direct information regarding green living.Disadvantages: Unreliable information (telephone) Some of the companies promised to give a call and email for appointment - no response.How we solved?We decided to go and see them directly to their
2) ONLINE SURVEYConducting questionnaire via survey monkey (internet). First, in English version. (6-10-2011) Then, In Malay version. (8-10-2011)
ADVANTAGES: Convenient for the respondent to answer the survey (email and link given) – (time) Data from respondents are automatically recorded into the systemDISADVANTAGES: Not all respondents have internet access It is difficult to know whether the respondents understand with the questions given.
3) FIELDWORKOne of our ways to increase the respondent, we made 200 copies of the Malay questionnaires. (easy to print)Target Places in distributing questionnaires: - MALL - RURAL AREAS - FLAT RESIDENCE
VENUE:MALL (Why???)- - Distributing questionnaires especially to low income people.- - We believe that they are a kind of people who hope for government house schemes.Most of them are cashiers, sales assistants and cleaners (local)
2) FLAT IN TUTONG TOWN (MOH FLAT)PICTURE~ 26/10/2011, 5-6PM.
The advantages and the disadvantages in our fieldwork: In distributing the questionnaire, we managed to get direct response from the people Received an opinions & recommendations about vertical housing Time consuming (because we have to go and see them) Some respondents reluctant to answer the questionnaire.
Results From Phone Call (Architects)Arkitek Ibrahim - Available Arkitek alamreka - Design for the government buildings onlyArkitek Aziz - Available Arkitek haza,- Design for GovernmentArkitek Berjaya - Available especially mosquesArkitek opfis – Available Arkitek Ghani – OutstationArkitek idris – Available SERI SEZAMAN- No respondArkitek Rekajaya – Available “KANA TUTUPI TELEPON BUIIII.... HAHAHA”Arkitek Berjaya - Available Rekarya- Not AvailableOWMP INTERNATIONAL- Available Gemilang Latif – Architect on leave,PDO CHARTERED ARCHITECTS- recommended to send an email but noAVAILABLE responseSuria YTF - In process Asareka akitek - Recommended to send an email but no response
Categories of prospective vertical housing ownersCategory DescriptionNewly Employed Cosmopolite strongly influenced by globalization; wide range of habitat preferences; quality of life, connectivity important, aware of sustainability issues.Mid-High Income Eco-modern and educated; preference for innovative design and use of technology toProfessional improve quality of life, protect environment, and support family and harmony with neighbours.Low-Middle Income Supporting skilled/semi-skilled workers; functional spaces and cultural traditionsEmployee important.Low Income Employee Supporting semi-skilled/unskilled workers; functional design; cultural practices important.Self-Employed Business owners, entrepreneurs, free-lance specialists; wide exposure to global forces and hence, products and services, style and designs in the market; wide range of space needs.Retiring Age 50’s; with or without savings; functional; modern technology (not ICT); concern about the environment.Retired Age 60’s; with or without savings; culture important; basic functional spaces.About to Enter Cosmopolites; generally lack sense of reality; provide glimpse into wish lists of dreamWorkforce homes 31
CULTURAL ARCHITECTURE TYPOLOGY (FOR BRUNEI) SYMBOLICAL Students Cosmopolites TECHNOLOGICA L Self-employed Professionals MODERNISATION (high income) Newly-employed TRADITIONAL Migrant Self-employed (least income) Migrant Low-rural income Traditional Retired/ Retired/ retiring FUNCTIONAL Malay retiring with with good less savings savings NATURAL COMMUNITY AND INDEPENDENT AND COMMUNAL SPACES PRIVACY 32
SURVEY Survey questionnaire:The Survey Result will focus on the building preferences : BUILDING PREFERENCES Types of high rise low-cost, open, nature, green, smart, condo, (= flats (b) = (c)) Priority spaces & features shower, bath-tub, toilet master, toilet room, living room, dining room, wet/dry kitchen, kitchen, bed rooms, master bedroom, garden, store, parking, work room, study, recreation, spa Design priorities (vertical conveniences, recreation facility, energy homes efficient, effective management, common spaces, community, friendly, same religion, same culture, practise culture, security, clean environment, good view 33
6. SURVEY DATACommunity Overall Percentage Division Newly employed 14.9% 82.6% young adults 17.4% matured Professionals 19.4% 51.7% matured 43.3% youngLow-medium income employees 14.6% young (40.0%), matured (48.9%) Low income employees 10.4% 62.5% young, 25.0% matured 12.5% retiring • Self-employed 2.3% • Retiring 1.9% • Retired 2.9% About to enter workforce” 32.7% (mainly students • Urbanites 31.2% • Rural 12.9% 60% • Did not indicate(difficult to decide what is urban/ 34 rural in Brunei)
SURVEY RESULTS: HIGH RISE DESIGNSTYPOLOGY – MID-HIGH INCOME PROFESSIONALS / ECOMODERNIST Expected: preference for green tech & designs, nature, open concept, modern amenities Data shows that while this is generally true, preference is more moderate than strong Dislike standard flat designs and low cost high rise 35
SURVEY RESULTS: PRIORITY SPACES & FEATURESTYPOLOGY – MID-HIGH INCOME PROFESSIONALS / ECOMODERNIST Expected: Consumption pattern influence by global trends for quality living. Data shows: • Master bedroom with en suite toilet, kitchen, living room to be high priority spaces • Large baths with bath-tub, en suite toilets for individual rooms not a priority 36
SURVEY RESULTS: PRIORITY SPACES & FEATURESTYPOLOGY – MID-HIGH INCOME PROFESSIONALS / ECOMODERNIST Expected: Consumption pattern influence by global trends for quality living. Data shows: • Parking & storage spaces important • Spa & recreation spaces not a priority (not as expected) • A quarter indicated garden, work room or study to be low priority • (not expected) 37
SURVEY RESULTS: DESIGN PRIORITIESTYPOLOGY – MID-HIGH INCOME PROFESSIONALS / ECOMODERNIST Expected: Design priorities should follow global trends for quality living & environmental concerns Data shows: • Health, safety, effective management & energy efficiency to be very important • Living with people of same religion not so important for half respondent; important to the other half (important to note) 38
SURVEY RESULTS: HIGH RISE DESIGNSTYPOLOGY – LOW-INCOME EMPLOYEE / FUNCTIONAL/ LOCALISED/ LOW TECH? Expected: influenced mainly by functional designs and local situations Data shows (as expected): • Higher preferences for low-cost, modern condo and open concept design • More than 60%, they dislike or weakly like flats & smart buildings • 20-30% have low preference for green, smart, modern or open concept buildings 39
SURVEY RESULTS: PRIORITY SPACES & FEATURESTYPOLOGY – LOW-INCOME EMPLOYEE / FUNCTIONAL/ LOCALISED/ LOW TECH? Expected: influenced mainly by functional designs and local situations Data shows (as expected): • Master bedrooms very important to >80%, • Individual bedrooms priority is moderate to high priority • Kitchen most important • Other high priority: living & dining room • Interesting, more prefer large bath rooms with tubs to functional showers (unexpected) 40
SURVEY RESULTS: PRIORITY SPACES & FEATURESTYPOLOGY – LOW-INCOME EMPLOYEE / FUNCTIONAL/ LOCALISED/ LOW TECH? Expected: influenced mainly by functional designs and local situations Data shows: • Parking spaces, store, work room & study important spaces • Garden – most quite important • 40%, place low priorities/ not important in Recreation & spa • 60%, shows moderate priority in recreation & spa (unexpected) 41
SURVEY RESULTS: DESIGN PRIORITIESTYPOLOGY – LOW-INCOME EMPLOYEE / FUNCTIONAL/ LOCALISED/ LOW TECH? Expected: influenced mainly by functional designs and local situations Data shows (as expected): • Security & clean envt important to all • Common spaces to practice culture, building community with friendly neighbours quite high priority • 40% said same religion/ culture & conveniences not so important • However, 60% of the respondents said that they are quite important about this (to be noted) 42
SURVEY RESULTS: HIGH RISE DESIGNSTYPOLOGY –URBAN VS RURAL • Most of the respondents from urban &rural dislike for flat and low cost blocks • Urbanites show slight preference for green building (tech) than buildings integrated with nature; • In contrast, rural is the opposite 43
SURVEY RESULTS: PRIORITY SPACES & FEATURESTYPOLOGY – URBAN VS RURAL • More urbanites gave low priority to large baths with bath-tubs than rural • More rural than urban gave low priority to functional baths with shower • Master bedroom with toilet (En suite) more important to urbanites 44
SURVEY RESULTS: PRIORITY SPACES & FEATURESTYPOLOGY –URBAN VS RURAL • Work room and study less important to rural than urban respondents • Recreation spaces low priority for rural more so than urban • While for rural group they likely to have for spas than recreation spaces 45
SURVEY RESULTS: DESIGN PRIORITIESTYPOLOGY – BRUNEIAN URBANITIES & RURAL GROUP • Rural group places greater priority on energy efficiency than urbanites • Common spaces also more important for rural group • Both place high priority on ability to practice culture, form community with friend or neighbours • More rural than urban said religion not important ; but also great proportion said it’s very important to live with people of same religion 46
WHAT ARE THE PRINCIPLES OF GREEN BUILDINGS/HOMES?Siting Siting and orientation based on micro- and macro- climatic conditions to maximize energy efficiency Design and construction that involves the least possible disruption to the site. Arrangement in randomly could ensures that wind velocity in the building in the latter path is not being distracted.
POSITIONING THE HOME Source: Mr Wong (Fieldwork 2011)
Energy Efficiency Install high-efficiency lighting systems with advanced lighting controls. Include motion sensors tied to dimmable lighting controls. Minimizing the size of windows from sun direction side – to control the amount of hot sun entering your house.Materials Efficiency Select sustainable construction materials and products by evaluating several characteristics such as reused and recycled content. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection
Water Efficiency Collect rainwater and store in large tanks.1. To use for irrigate gardens/landscaping.2. For toilet flushing or a gray water system Use for recirculation systems for centralised hot water distribution
FIGURE 4: THE DIAGRAM SHOWING HOW WATER HARVESTING WORKS. SOURCE: FIELDWORK 2011 , PRIMARY DATA (MR WONG)
ARCHITECT HALIMUDDIN (PRIMARY DATA) Brunei is very green already. Green concept is only available to developed countries Such design, reliable but not suitable to our culture in Brunei. We are considered as green-culture. We are not living city life just like in Singapore. Our culture is environment. We do not need much. In terms of saving energy. He suggested the as same as Mr Wong does. Such as the material and electronic.
We use Singapore Standard, For example in terms of collecting water for recycle. Use landfill in order to extend land in case of lacking space. Vertical House ; planning is still the same. For example in terms of siting and orientation of the building.
RECOMMENDATIONOur recommendation for this project Continue the projectHow? Get more survey is better Need to cover all district Get more people to carry on this projectImprove more on: Exposure on this project through media Awareness society Education
Provide transportation Observe the demands of Bruneian in order to approach their needs. Convince the architect to cooperate Improve the questionnaire Focused more on experience people who live in flats Improve the skill to approach people
CONCLUSION Most of people prefer for kitchen, living room, dining room, master bedroom and parking space. Not all of the architects were helpful. Most of the Bruneian do not really need green concept for their housing design. Overall, we agree to implement and put into practice the vertical housing scheme in our country