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Asthma Presentation 2


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Asthma Presentation 2

  1. 1. Asthma
  2. 2. Getting Started - The Facts 3 million Canadians have asthma—that’s 10% of the population. There is no cure for asthma, but it can be managed. Over 500 Canadians die each year from usually preventable asthma related incidents. You can still lead a completely normal life with asthma, with some adjustments
  3. 3. What is Asthma? <ul><li>Chronic lung condition </li></ul><ul><li>Reversible reactive airway obstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Tightening of the muscles surrounding the bronchial passages in the lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Asthma is a variable condition </li></ul><ul><li>Can be developed at any age </li></ul>
  4. 4. Symptoms of Asthma <ul><li>Persistent/recurrent cough </li></ul><ul><li>Dyspnea </li></ul><ul><li>(shortness of breath) </li></ul><ul><li>Wheezing </li></ul><ul><li>Chest tightness </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms and severity of symptoms can change over time </li></ul><ul><li>May not have all of the above symptoms </li></ul>air trapping
  5. 5. What Causes Asthma Symptoms? <ul><li>Bronchoconstriction/ bronchospasm </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs when exposed to a trigger </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles surrounding bronchioles contract and produce excess mucus </li></ul><ul><li>Airways become red, inflamed (swollen) and narrow </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treating Asthma <ul><li>Asthma can’t be cured (yet!!  ) </li></ul><ul><li>Managed using medications and trigger avoidance (except for exercise!) </li></ul>(This is most of the medication I’ve taken in the past 6-7 months!)
  7. 7. Treatment: Rescue Medication <ul><li>Known as rescue, reliever and quick relief medications </li></ul><ul><li>Reverses symptoms fast </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bronchodilator” </li></ul><ul><li>inhaled directly to the lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Begins working immediately, peaks at 5-10 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Used for sudden symptoms or to prevent exercise induced flare-ups. </li></ul>Should be carried at ALL times by ANY person with asthma
  8. 8. Treatment: Controller Medication <ul><li>Prevents asthma symptoms from starting </li></ul><ul><li>Taken daily by people with persistent asthma </li></ul><ul><li>Brings down inflammation /treats constriction </li></ul>oral corticosteroids (not the same as anabolic steroids) Leukotriene modifier (LTRA)—alternative or addition to corticosteroids Corticosteroid and long-acting bronchodilator (LABA) Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS’s)
  9. 9. Common Asthma Triggers Extrinsic (Allergic) Triggers: <ul><li>Dust mites </li></ul><ul><li>Mould </li></ul><ul><li>Certain foods </li></ul><ul><li>Animal dander </li></ul><ul><li>Pollen </li></ul>Intrinsic (Non-Allergic) Triggers: <ul><li>Infections (cold and flu) </li></ul><ul><li>Cold or humid air </li></ul><ul><li>Intense emotions (ex. stress) </li></ul><ul><li>Medications (ex. aspirin) </li></ul><ul><li>Hormones </li></ul><ul><li>Air pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Fragrances and chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational irritants </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul>
  10. 10. Exercise and Asthma <ul><li>Exercise can induce asthma symptoms in people who have no other asthma triggers. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise is a trigger for 90% of people with asthma. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise should not be avoided, but worked with! </li></ul>Breathin’ Stephen!
  11. 11. <ul><li>Preventing exercise induced flare-ups: </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t begin to exercise if you are already flaring! </li></ul><ul><li>If prescribed take medication 5-15 minutes before exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Warm up and cool down gradually for 10-20 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>If you have a flare-up, stop and take your medication, resume only when symptom-free </li></ul>Dealing with Exercise Induced Asthma
  12. 12. AeroChamber Other Asthma Gadgets Peak Flow Meter <ul><li>Used by some (usually moderate or severe) asthma patients to monitor ongoing lung function and detect changes </li></ul><ul><li>How much air is expelled in 1 exhalation </li></ul><ul><li>Poor perceivers </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as a “spacer” or valved holding chamber (VHC) </li></ul><ul><li>MDI alone fires at over 100 km/h </li></ul><ul><li>Delivers medication over 100% more effectively </li></ul>
  13. 13. Asthma and the Wellness Picture <ul><li>To a person with persistent asthma, asthma can be a lot more than a blue inhaler! </li></ul><ul><li>If not dealt with effectively, asthma can impact many areas of a person’s life . . . Physical, emotional and social. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the time, you can coexist fairly peacefully with asthma, but others it feels as if your body is working AGAINST you instead of with you ! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Getting in Control <ul><li>“ Control” may be different for everybody </li></ul><ul><li>Except for exercise, avoid triggers as much as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Take/adjust medications as prescribed </li></ul><ul><li>Find a doctor who will help you get in control </li></ul><ul><li>Stay in contact with your doctor </li></ul>