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Blogs, Wikis and Podcasts: Web 2.0 Tools You Can Use


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An overview and introduction to blogs, wikis, and podcasts for librarians.

Published in: Technology

Blogs, Wikis and Podcasts: Web 2.0 Tools You Can Use

  1. 1. Blogs, Wikis and Podcasts: Web 2.0 Tools You Can Use Kate Pitcher, SUNY Geneseo
  2. 2. Web 2.0 Tools You Can Use <ul><li>Web 2.0 is the second generation of web-based services and tools which make content creation on the web easier and more accessible to a wide variety of users.  </li></ul>
  3. 3. Questions to answer… <ul><li>What are these Web 2.0 social collaboration tools? </li></ul><ul><li>Why should your library should use these tools to distribute and share content to users? </li></ul><ul><li>How can your library use these tools to distribute and share content with users? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Web 2.0 in action… <ul><ul><li> “ recommendations ” and Wish Lists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flickr photo sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tagging and bookmarking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chat and instant messaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>blogging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mixing and creating music files </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ participatory web” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mashups of content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Maps </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What is Library 2.0? <ul><li>Maness’ theory of Library 2.0 ¹ : </li></ul><ul><li>A theory for Library 2.0 could be understood to have these four essential elements: </li></ul><ul><li>User-centered </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a multi-media experience </li></ul><ul><li>Socially rich </li></ul><ul><li>Communally innovative </li></ul>
  6. 6. ²
  7. 7. ³
  8. 8. Library 2.0 in action… <ul><ul><li>“ Recommendations” in library catalog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tagging of books in library catalog (Users make their own subject headings!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subscribe to an RSS feed notifying patrons of new books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patrons post book reviews to a library hosted blog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library news using blog format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library patrons add and edit content to a subject guide wiki on library’s website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IM at reference desk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Downloading music and books onto iPods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offering podcasts of events through library website </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Blogs <ul><li>“… online journals or websites where users can post commentary, links and news…” </li></ul><ul><li>“ [Blogs] enable the rapid production and consumption of Web-based publications ” </li></ul>
  10. 10. What makes a blog different? <ul><li>Dated entries (“posts”) </li></ul><ul><li>Each “post” has a permanent webpage created automatically (“permalink”) </li></ul><ul><li>Links to favorite or recommended blogs (“blogroll”) </li></ul><ul><li>Content is syndicated to users (“RSS feed”) </li></ul><ul><li>Readers can leave comments </li></ul><ul><li>Posts are archived </li></ul>
  11. 11. More features… <ul><li>Categorization of posts </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging the content of posts </li></ul><ul><li>No need to know HTML </li></ul>
  12. 12. Anatomy of a post…
  13. 13. Clicking on Comments in the SJCPL Blog… A comment left by a library patron on the Milne Library News blog…
  14. 14. SUNY Geneseo, Milne Library
  15. 15. Integrate & collaborate with your campus courseware or portal….
  16. 16. Who reads blogs? <ul><li>27% of Internet users read blogs as of November 2004 -- that’s 32 million people ! </li></ul><ul><li>greater-than-average growth of readers among women, minorities, and those between the ages of 30-49 </li></ul><ul><li>tend to be young, male, well-educated and veteran Internet users  </li></ul>
  17. 17. Why should your library have a blog? <ul><li>News </li></ul><ul><li>Current events </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction with library patrons </li></ul><ul><li>Market and promote different library services </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to create, maintain and update </li></ul><ul><li>No HTML skills necessary </li></ul><ul><li>User feedback </li></ul><ul><li>FREE! </li></ul>
  18. 18. What makes a successful library blog? <ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance to library or patron’s needs </li></ul><ul><li>Well written </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction with patrons through comments </li></ul>
  19. 19. Tips for successful blogging… <ul><li>Collaborate </li></ul><ul><li>Edit </li></ul><ul><li>Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul>
  20. 20. Some successful library blogs… <ul><li>Ann Arbor District Library </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Moraine Valley Community College </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>St. Joseph County Public Library </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  21. 21. What you need: <ul><li>Application (many free services will host your blog: Blogger , WordPress , LiveJournal , etc. ) </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment (“buy-in” from your contributors) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical support (at least one person who can fool with the code behind the application if you want to host it on your own server) </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul>
  22. 22. Free blog applications <ul><li>Blogger </li></ul><ul><li>WordPress </li></ul><ul><li>LiveJournal </li></ul><ul><li>Diaryland (hosted) </li></ul><ul><li>Pitas (hosted) </li></ul><ul><li>Slash (open source app) </li></ul><ul><li>Greymatter (open source app) </li></ul><ul><li>LifeType (open source app) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Other blog applications (cost $$) <ul><li>Movable Type ($) </li></ul><ul><li>TypePad ($) </li></ul><ul><li>Radio Userland ($) </li></ul><ul><li>Manila ($) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Blogger <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Will host your blog (no need to put blog on your own server) </li></ul><ul><li>No prior knowledge of HTML or CSS needed </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorials available </li></ul>
  25. 25. WordPress <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Customize the look of your blog </li></ul><ul><li>Will host your blog on their server </li></ul><ul><li>No need to learn HTML or CSS </li></ul>
  26. 26. LiveJournal <ul><li>Joining the site is free </li></ul><ul><li>Will host your blog on their server </li></ul><ul><li>“Online journaling community” </li></ul><ul><li>Additional services such as IM and text messaging are possible </li></ul>
  27. 27. Wikis <ul><li>“… collaborative websites where users can add, edit, or delete content on a certain topic, using a web browser ...” </li></ul>
  28. 28. The best example…
  29. 29. What makes a wiki different? <ul><li>Multiple users may edit content </li></ul><ul><li>Searchable </li></ul><ul><li>No formal HTML coding experience needed </li></ul><ul><li>Very similar to many content management systems </li></ul><ul><li>Upload documents and files </li></ul>
  30. 30. LIS Wiki
  31. 31. Ohio University Libraries
  32. 32. Milne Library WebDev Wiki http:// =home
  33. 33. Library Instruction Wiki http://
  34. 34. Why use a wiki in your library? <ul><li>Document management (i.e. training documents, manuals, meeting minutes, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Archive </li></ul><ul><li>Intranet </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration by many (faculty, students, community users, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge base </li></ul><ul><li>Project management tool </li></ul><ul><li>Staff internal communication </li></ul>
  35. 35. Useful features… <ul><li>Track recent changes </li></ul><ul><li>(RSS feeds can be incorporated so users can be notified immediately) </li></ul><ul><li>History of page revisions </li></ul><ul><li>(With some wiki apps, you can revert back to a previous version of the wiki) </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility of documents and information through a web-based browser login (can be password-protected) </li></ul>
  36. 36. Some disadvantages… <ul><li>Mostly text-based </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone (if you don’t require login) can contribute and edit documents </li></ul><ul><li>Must use special “wiki” editing syntax to make changes or contribute content – this can be cumbersome for some users to learn </li></ul>
  37. 37. What you need: <ul><li>Application (many free software apps: PBwiki , Wetpaint , MediaWiki , DokuWiki ; just to name a few) </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment (“buy-in” from your contributors) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical support (at least one person who can fool with the code behind the application) </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul>
  38. 38. Wiki tools <ul><li>PBwiki </li></ul><ul><li>MediaWiki </li></ul><ul><li>DokuWiki </li></ul><ul><li>TWiki (open source app) </li></ul><ul><li>ClearWiki (free for 10 users) </li></ul><ul><li>Wetpaint (free) </li></ul><ul><li>SeedWiki (free; multiple wikis) </li></ul>
  39. 39. PBwiki <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Hosted (no need to download software) </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based; login from any internet browser </li></ul>
  40. 40. MediaWiki <ul><li>Open source application </li></ul><ul><li>Download and install on your own server </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for use with large websites/multiple servers </li></ul><ul><li>Some WYSIWYG </li></ul><ul><li>Editing syntax allows users to edit and contribute content without knowledge of HTML </li></ul>
  41. 41. DokuWiki <ul><li>Open source application </li></ul><ul><li>Download and install on your own server </li></ul><ul><li>Has its own editing syntax for contributing and editing content </li></ul>
  42. 42. Podcasts <ul><li>“ … syndicated audio or video content in a multimedia file meant for play on a handheld device (such as an iPod) or a personal computer…” </li></ul>
  43. 43. iPods Can be used as… hard drive calendar contact manager audio recorder save text files photo library notes reader alarm clock PDF library video player can be projected w/LCD or TV music
  44. 44. MP3 players
  45. 45. Why should we care? <ul><li>“… Teachers in every strata of education are increasingly dealing with a student population that is not only more wired than they are but also grew up in a techno-drenched atmosphere that has trained them to absorb and process information in fundamentally different ways. This generation of students is more likely to be armed with cell phones, laptops, and iPods than with spiral notebooks and #2 pencils …”  </li></ul>
  46. 46. To be or not to be… Why should libraries create podcasts? <ul><li>Library tours </li></ul><ul><li>Special events </li></ul><ul><li>Story times </li></ul><ul><li>Book reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Readings </li></ul><ul><li>Guest lectures </li></ul><ul><li>Campus events </li></ul><ul><li>Student research presentations </li></ul>
  47. 47. Arizona State University Libraries
  48. 48. Bridgewater College: Internet Podcast Resources
  49. 49. Grand Rapids Public Library
  50. 50. South Huntington (NY) Public Library
  51. 51. How do we find and subscribe to podcasts? <ul><li>Find a podcast you are interested in listening to </li></ul><ul><li>Find the orange “RSS” or “POD” button </li></ul><ul><li>Click button OR copy and paste the URL into your RSS reader </li></ul>
  52. 52. Subscribing to podcasts with iTunes… 1. 2. 3.
  53. 53. How do we create podcasts? <ul><li>Two easy ways: </li></ul><ul><li>Create podcasts by phone </li></ul><ul><li>Use recording software to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Record audio and convert it to a downloadable format (MP3) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a text file which describes the audio (RSS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upload to the web </li></ul></ul>
  54. 54. Podcasting Tools <ul><li>Gabcast </li></ul><ul><li>podOmatic </li></ul><ul><li>Odeo </li></ul>
  55. 55. Gabcast <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Record podcasts by phone </li></ul>
  56. 56. Creating a podcast by phone… Toll-free number Click on “Testing” icon to get the podcast and play!
  57. 57. podOmatic <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Record your own podcasts </li></ul>
  58. 58. Odeo <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Upload MP3 files </li></ul>
  59. 59. What you need to create a podcast: <ul><li>Microphone </li></ul><ul><li>Recording software </li></ul><ul><li>Sound card </li></ul>
  60. 60. Recording Software <ul><li>Audacity (for PCs and Macs; free) </li></ul><ul><li>GarageBand (for Macs; $$) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  61. 61. Works Cited <ul><li>Maness, J. M. (2006). Library 2.0 Theory: Web 2.0 and Its Implications for Libraries . Webology, 3(2). Retrieved January 17, 2007, from . </li></ul><ul><li>(2006). Library 2.0 Meme Map . Flickr. Retrieved March 17, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Habib, M. (2006). Toward Academic Library 2.0: development and application of a library 2.0 methodology . A Master’s Paper for the M.S. in L.S degree, November 2006. Retrieved January 17, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Rainie, L. (2005). Memo: the state of blogging . </li></ul><ul><li>Pew Internet & American Life Project, January 2005. Retrieved 10 February 2005, from </li></ul><ul><li>5. McHugh, J. (2005). Synching up with the iKid . Edutopia Magazine , October 2005. Retrieved March 26, 2007, from </li></ul>
  62. 62. Recommended Resources: Library 2.0 <ul><li>2006). Library 2.0 - LISWiki. Retrieved February 2, 2007, from LISWiki. Web site: </li></ul><ul><li>Crawford, W. (2006). Library 2.0 and “Library 2.0”. Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large, 6(2). Retrieved January 17, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Miller, P. (2006). Library 2.0 - The Challenge of Disruptive Innovation. Retrieved January 17, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>O'Reilly, T. (2005a). What Is Web 2.0: Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software. Retrieved January 17, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Stephens, M. (2005). ALA TechSource - Do Libraries Matter: On Library & Librarian 2.0. Retrieved Nov. 17, 2006, from American Library Association. Web site: </li></ul><ul><li>Stephens, M. (2006). Web 2.0 & libraries: best practices for social software . Library Technology Reports, 42, no. 4. Chicago: ALA TechSource. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Recommended Resources: Blogs <ul><li>Gardner, S. (2005). Time to check: are you using the right blogging tool ? Online Journalism Review. Retrieved March 26, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Mahoney, D. (2002). How to write a better weblog . A List Apart. Retrieved March 26, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>BlogBib </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs – Library Success: A Best Practices Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>http:// =Blogs </li></ul>
  64. 64. Recommended Resources: Wikis <ul><li>Stafford, T. and M. Webb. (2006). What is a Wiki (and How to Use One for Your Projects ). O’Reilly Network. Retrieved July 18, 2006, from </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>WikiMatrix </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  65. 65. Recommended Resources: Podcasting <ul><ul><li>Podcast411 – podcast directory and information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasting News </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Podseek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  66. 66. Contact Info… <ul><li>Kate Pitcher </li></ul><ul><li>Reference/Instruction & Web Development Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Milne Library </li></ul><ul><li>SUNY Geneseo </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>This presentation is available online at: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>