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Dispelling Myths and Making Cents of Multifamily Green Building Certification

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Green building certification is a great way to add value to a community for both owners and residents; however, it is often not pursued due to misconceptions that the process is too expensive and complicated. Plus, with so many certification programs out there, how do you decide which one to use? Join a panel of industry experts as they dispel some of the common myths about the complexity of certification as well as compare and contrast the costs and benefits of the most popular programs being used- including the National Green Building Standard (NGBS), Energy Star and LEED.

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Dispelling Myths and Making Cents of Multifamily Green Building Certification

  1. 1. Dispelling Myths and Making Cents of Multifamily Green Building Certification
  2. 2. Meet Your Speakers Kate Hamblet KEPHART Architects Elizabeth Gillmor Energetic Consulting Engineers Jeff Slaugh US-EcoLogic
  3. 3. Session Description Green building certification is a great way to add value to a community for both owners and residents; however, it is often not pursued due to misconceptions that the process is too expensive and complicated. Plus, with so many certification programs out there, how do you decide which one to use? Join a panel of industry experts as they dispel some of the common myths about the complexity of certification as well as compare and contrast the costs and benefits of the most popular programs being used—including the National Green Building Standard (NGBS), Energy Star and LEED.
  4. 4. Session Learning Outcomes • Understand the value and benefits green certification can add to a multifamily property, the costs involved in obtaining and the design and construction best practices to maximize return on investment. • Learn how to shape the design process and documentation to reduce costs and ensure a smooth transition to construction. • Explore the requirements of each program, and the incentives available to help offset costs including tax credits, expedited permitting and reduced permit fees. • Learn how each certification program addresses building types, and how these differences will help you determine the best program to fit your needs.
  5. 5. Credit(s) earned on completion of this course will be reported to AIA CES for AIA members upon completion of the AIA/CES Session Participation Forms found in the back of this session room and online at www.BuildersShow.com. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request. This course is registered with AIA CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. American Institute of Architects (AIA) Continuing Professional Education
  6. 6. Myth Busters “We don’t have time for that.” “Sustainability people just don’t understand construction issues.” “The process is WAY too restrictive.” “Certification is just too expensive.” “The builder will totally lose control of the project.” “Just meeting the energy code is hard enough.” “All certifications require solar panels.” “All materials would be more expensive.” “$$$$$.” “We would have to deal with the Green Police.” “$$$$$.” “$$$$$!!!”“Too many surprises!” “Too much risk.”
  7. 7. WHY CERTIFY?
  8. 8. Internal Drivers • QA for long-term owners / durability • Builder/owner recognition • Accountability and 3rd party review • Save energy and energy costs • Attract tenants • Add value to building
  9. 9. External Drivers • Municipality required • Special design agreements • Expedited review and variance potential • Impact fee reduction • Investors, purchasers and/or lenders • Tax credits and deductions • NEW: Mortgage insurance premium reduction
  10. 10. Preferential Lending for Green Multifamily Projects
  11. 11. Translation: $1,000,000 Loan 50  25 MIP Basis Points: Saves $208 per month = $2,500 per year $10,000,000 Loan 75  25 MIP Basis Points: Saves $4,167 per month = $50,000 per year
  12. 12. 179D • Up to $1.80/sf • Difficult for multifamily 45L • $2000 per unit LIHTC • Low-Income Housing Tax Credits • Additional state benefits 25D (Renewable Energy) • Solar, Wind, Geothermal 2016 Tax Credits For New Construction What will we see in 2017??
  13. 13. PACE • Property Assessed Clean Energy • Finance improvements MACRS • Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (depreciation) Residential Efficiency • Tax credit of 10% of cost for upgrades 25D (Renewable Energy) • Solar, Wind, Geothermal Other $$ Benefits For Renovations What will we see in 2017??
  14. 14. • Low/no cost = willingness to partner • Existing programs • Blaze the trail • Expedited permitting review • Variances in density or height • Impact fee reduction Talk to your municipality!
  15. 15. SO MANY OPTIONS
  16. 16. National Green Building Standard LEED Energy Star Enterprise Green Communities
  17. 17. National Green Building Standard • LEED For Homes • LEED Midrise • LEED Building Design & Construction • Energy Star for Homes • Energy Star Multi- Family High Rise Enterprise Green Communities
  18. 18. HOW TO CHOOSE (What is the best fit for you?)
  19. 19. • Project identity and target market? • Demands of lender or preferential lending program, municipality, etc.? • Experience: Programs done in past? • TOD? Urban infill? Suburban? Greenfield? Competing Properties? • Affordable vs. Market Rate vs. Mixed Use? • Free points – what do you already have? (or be recognized for?) • Townhomes, Garden, Wrap, Podium, High-rise? Many Considerations
  20. 20. First Things First NGBS Energy Star for Homes Energy Star MFHR LEED for Homes LEED Midrise LEED BD&C EGC Low rise 1-3 Stories Mid rise 4-8 Stories High rise 8+ Stories
  21. 21. Project Size is the first factor NGBS Energy Star for Homes Energy Star MFHR LEED for Homes LEED Midrise LEED BD&C EGC Low rise 1-3 Stories Mid rise 4-8 Stories High rise 8+ Stories
  22. 22. Project Size is the first factor NGBS Energy Star for Homes Energy Star MFHR LEED for Homes LEED Midrise LEED BD&C EGC Low rise 1-3 Stories Mid rise 4-8 Stories High rise 8+ Stories
  23. 23. Project Size is the first factor NGBS Energy Star for Homes Energy Star MFHR LEED for Homes LEED Midrise LEED BD&C EGC Low rise 1-3 Stories Mid rise 4-8 Stories High rise 8+ Stories
  24. 24. NGBS Energy Star MFHR LEED Midrise (4-8 stories) LEED BD&C (9+ stories) EGC NGBS Energy Star for Homes LEED for Homes EGC HANDY ENERGY STAR FLOW CHART LEED BD&C https://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=bldrs _lenders_raters.nh_mfhr_bldg_eligibility
  25. 25. All programs generally have these categories: • Design Process • Location Resources • Site • Energy • Indoor Air Quality • Water • Health & Wellness • Materials / Waste Management • Operations & Maintenance • Awareness & Education
  26. 26. All programs generally have these categories: • Design Process • Location Resources • Site • Energy • Indoor Air Quality • Water • Health & Wellness • Materials / Waste Management • Operations & Maintenance • Awareness & Education
  27. 27. All projects also have these considerations: • Energy & Building Codes • Driving Factors (the “why”) • Timeline & Progress • Documentation Requirements • Stand-out features to build points around • Building Design • Construction • Verification • Benefits & Incentives • Costs
  28. 28. All projects also have these considerations: • Energy & Building Codes • Driving Factors (the “why”) • Timeline & Progress • Documentation Requirements • Stand-out features to build points around • Building Design • Construction • Verification • Benefits & Incentives • Costs
  29. 29. Building Codes
  30. 30. Things to think about • Residential ventilation requirements • Building tightness requirements • Blower door testing and duct testing (2012 and 2015 IECC requires BD for low-rise) • Will local code drive your energy baseline? Can you beat it?
  31. 31. Air Quality
  32. 32. Residential Ventilation Differences • Natural Ventilation Only is permitted: • NGBS • Only if tested air-tightness is ≥ 5ACH @ 50pa • Mechanical Ventilation is required: • LEED for Homes • LEED BD&C (New for LEED v.4 for R2 occupancy) • Energy Star for Homes • LEED Midrise • Energy Star MFHR (footnote #20 is gone) • EGC • Exhaust-only OK in some climates Your local code requirements will be a big driving factor!
  33. 33. Indoor Air Quality Volatile Materials Exhaust Measured airflows Room by Room pressure differentials Radon Allergens and clean air (Construction) Filtration
  34. 34. Energy
  35. 35. ENERGY – Compliance documentation? • Plan For Energy Modeling • LEED Midrise • LEED BD&C • LEED for Homes (preferred path for Multifamily) • Energy Star for Homes • Plan For Blower Door Testing • LEED for Homes • LEED Midrise • Energy Star for Homes • NGBS (not required, but preferred for Multifamily) • Multiple Compliance Options • NGBS • LEED for Homes • Energy Star MFHR • EGC
  36. 36. ENERGY GOALS for Minimum Compliance NGBS 15% better than IECC 2009 (prescriptive or performance) LEED For Homes LEED Energy Budget or LEED “MMBTU Method” or HERS 70 (every unit) LEED Midrise 5% better than ASHRAE 90.1-2010 (v4) LEED BD&C 5% better than ASHRAE 90.1-2010 (v4) EGC Meet Energy Star for Homes or MFHR Energy Star for Homes Meet HERS Index Rating (varies – HERS Index Target Procedure) Energy Star MFHR 15% better than YOUR code (prescriptive or performance)
  37. 37. MAKING IT WORK
  38. 38. Build Your Team (Getting started)
  39. 39. Your Team Needs: NGBS: • A Verifier or Verifier Organization, and Energy Modeler (usually) http://www.homeinnovation.com/findngbsverifier Energy Star: • Energy Star Trained Raters and Field Inspectors, Builders Who Complete Energy Star Orientation, Accredited HVAC Installer and Accredited Commissioning Contractor https://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=new_homes_partners.locator&s=footer Enterprise Green Communities: • EGC Consultant/Champion, Energy Star team, Energy Modeler (maybe) http://www.enterprisecommunity.org/solutions-and-innovation/green-communities/tools-and- services/technical-assistance-providers-database
  40. 40. Your Team Needs: LEED BD&C: • LEED Consultant/Champion, Energy Modeler, Commissioning Agent, and Dedicated Builder Staff LEED Provider Directory: http://www.usgbc.org/profile Building Commissioning Association: http://www.bcxa.org/ LEED Mid-rise and LEED for Homes: • LEED for Homes Provider Organization, Green Rater, HERS Rater and Energy Modeler http://www.usgbc.org/people/green-raters
  41. 41. Your Team Needs: Energy Modelers: • ASHRAE – BEMP – Building Energy Modeling Professional http://report.ashrae.org/Certification/list?type=BEMP • AEE (Association of Energy Engineers) – BESA – Building Energy Simulation Analyst http://www.aeecenter.org/directory/ • RESNET Qualified professionals https://www.resnet.us/directory/search
  42. 42. Timeline and Progress When is it too late?
  43. 43. A Smooth Path to Certification Design • Meet as whole design team • Involve Consultants • Iterative Process • Echo decisions in writing for owner/architect for their approval Documentation • Supply inclusions • Plan review DDs CDs and provide mark-ups and/or comments • Specifications Transition to Construction • OAC meetings with site staff • Buy-outs • Informal guidance narratives • Overview of verification process Construction • Meet with Sub- contractors and site staff • Provide overview of verification visits • Provide reports to all stake holders after each visit
  44. 44. Cost Management (Nobody likes surprises)
  45. 45. Managing and Predicting Costs • How to answer “How much does it cost?” • Decision making process • How to avoid team members arbitrarily inflating costs • How to plan properly (to avoid abuse) • Trade-ability and iterative process
  46. 46. Efficiency doesn’t have to be expensive! • Passive house design • Exhaust cfm/watt • Automation can be simple • Variable or multi-speed systems • Central fan – Energy recovery Air Quality and Efficiency Opportunities: Vancouver passive townhouse concept – Marken Design + Consulting
  47. 47. Myths Busted!!! “We don’t have time for that.” “Sustainability people just don’t understand construction issues.” “The process is WAY too restrictive.” “Certification is just too expensive.” “The builder will totally lose control of the project.” “Just meeting the energy code is hard enough.” “All certifications require solar panels.” “All materials would be more expensive.” “$$$$$.” “We would have to deal with the Green Police.” “$$$$$.” “$$$$$!!!”“Too many surprises!” “Too much risk.”
  48. 48. Certification Hoops (The home stretch!)
  49. 49. Last few hoops to jump through! • Ensuring certification success • Paper verification vs site verification • Time required • Registration and certification costs
  50. 50. Thank you! Questions?
  51. 51. Speaker Contact Information Kate Hamblet KEPHART Architects Denver, CO www.kephart.com kateh@kephart.com Elizabeth Gillmor Energetics Consulting Engineers Denver, CO www.energetics-eng.com elizabeth@energetics-eng.com Jeff Slaugh US-EcoLogic Denver, CO www.us-ecologic.com jeffrey.slaugh@us-ecologic.com

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