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Fire

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Fire

  1. 1. 1 basic fire safety
  2. 2. this slideshow will give you an understanding of: • the nature of fire • fire hazards and risk • fire prevention • our fire procedures • how to select and use a portable fire extinguisher safely
  3. 3. fire prevention….
  4. 4. • be mindful of fire safety • don’t block fire exits, call points or extinguishers • observe the no smoking policy • don’t wedge fire doors open
  5. 5. fire procedure….
  6. 6. on hearing alarm…. • leave the building immediately • use the nearest exit • walk quickly but don’t run. • close doors behind you • do not delay your exit to collect your belongings • attend the fire assembly point • do not return until told to do so
  7. 7. there are audible and visual fire alarms at priory street centre exit routes are signposted and the assembly point is outside the front of the building
  8. 8. on finding a fire…. • sound the fire alarm • fight the fire if you are competent and you consider it safe to do so • evacuate as per normal fire procedure • inform the fire officers fire officers are… Matthew Langhorn, John Stevens and Kenny Lieske or reception (if no fire officers are on site)
  9. 9. call points are located throughout the building (usually next to an exit) written fire action instructions are also located next to exits
  10. 10. sources of ignition….
  11. 11. • smoking and naked flames • electrical faults • heaters • contractors tools and equipment • arson
  12. 12. fuels….
  13. 13. • paper & boxes etc. • expanded polystyrene beads • plastics • solvents • carpets • furniture • waste materials
  14. 14. in order to understand how fire extinguishers work…you need to know a little bit about fire
  15. 15. what is fire…. fire [ˈfi(-ə)r ] noun  1. fire is a rapid oxidation process that creates light, heat, and smoke, and varies in intensity. it is commonly used to describe either a fuel in a state of combustion (e.g., a campfire, or a lit fireplace or stove) or a violent, destructive and uncontrolled burning (e.g., in buildings) fire needs three things thrive: oxygen heat fuel
  16. 16. fire triangle…. fire extinguishers work by removing one or more of these elements
  17. 17. BSEN2 classes of fire…. • A - free burning materials, paper, wood, plastics • B - flammable liquids, petrol, meths, solvents • C - flammable gases, methane, hydrogen etc. • D - metals, potassium, sodium, magnesium etc. • F - cooking fats electricity can be involved in any class of fire
  18. 18. types of extinguisher water water can be used to extinguish free burning materials, paper, wood, plastics but do not use on live electrical equipment, flammable liquid, chemical or metal fires
  19. 19. types of extinguisher CO2 2 can be used on live electrical equipment and to extinguish flammable liquids. do not touch the black horn when operating this extinguisher
  20. 20. types of extinguisher powder powder can be used on live electrical equipment and to extinguish flammable liquids and gaseous fires.
  21. 21. types of extinguisher fire blanket fire blanket fire blankets should be used to extinguish fires involving cooking fats
  22. 22. using an extinguisher…. • pull the pin • aim at the base of the fire from a safe distance • squeeze the handle • sweep from side to side
  23. 23. do not fight a fire if…. • it is bigger than a waste paper bin • one extinguisher is not enough • smoke is affecting your breathing • you cannot see the way out • gas cylinders or chemicals are involved • your efforts are not reducing the size of the fire

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