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Halloween And Yu Lan Festival


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Presentation for Contemporary Europe and Asis, POLS 3620, HKBU
Prepared by Angela Mak and Kenny Chan

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Halloween And Yu Lan Festival

  1. 1. Halloween and Yu Lan Festival “ 盂蘭節 “ (Nature and Commercialization) Chan Kin Lok, Kenny 07007213 Mak Ching Hang, Angela 07007132
  2. 2. <ul><li>celebrated on October 31 </li></ul><ul><li>The name is derived from Old Irish and means roughly &quot;summer's end“ </li></ul><ul><li>Rooted in ancient pagan and Christian festivals that celebrated the inextricable link between seasonal and life cycles </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Celts </li></ul><ul><li>celebrated their new year on 1 st November </li></ul><ul><li>31/10  the end of summer and the harvest the beginning of the dark, cold winter </li></ul><ul><li>the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred </li></ul><ul><li>the people gathered to burn crops and animals as sacrifices to the Celtic deities </li></ul><ul><li>the Celts wore costumes, typically consisting of animal heads and skins </li></ul>Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  4. 4. <ul><li>17 th Century, replace the Celtic festival </li></ul><ul><li>of the dead with a related, but church-sanctioned holiday  All-hallows or All-hallowmas </li></ul><ul><li>the night before it, the night of Samhain, began to be called All-hallows Eve  Halloween </li></ul>Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  5. 5. <ul><li>Tradition: closed to deceased relatives and friends, left treats on doorsteps loved ones find their way back to the spirit world. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT Today's Halloween ghosts are often depicted as more fearsome, and our customs and superstitions are scarier. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread Globally </li></ul>Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  6. 6. <ul><li>Seventh Moon “Middle Origin Festival” 中元節 </li></ul><ul><li>Bamboo poles some twenty feet high with colourful lanterns </li></ul><ul><li>Signpost for the spirit of the dead </li></ul><ul><li>--> Yu Lan Shing Wui (Yu Lan Wonderful Assembly) 盂蘭勝會 </li></ul>Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  7. 7. <ul><li>Three Taoist “Origin Festival” </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Origin is connected with Earthly Official, is connected to dead </li></ul><ul><li>Seventh Moon: start of second half of the year  potentially dead </li></ul><ul><li>14/7 one day advance of the Taoist Middle Origin Festival </li></ul>Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  8. 8. <ul><li>Yu lan = surface “Bowl of Orchids”, transliteration of Ullambana </li></ul><ul><li>Mahamaudgalyayana (usyally known in Chinese as Muk Lin, 目連 ) saving his death mother </li></ul><ul><li>Yu Lan = reflects the adoption and acceptance of Buddhism in China, and its adaption to native Chinese Taoist traditions </li></ul>Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  9. 9. <ul><li>making incense out of candy and selling it to kids for Halloween strawberry-flavored candles </li></ul><ul><li>cookies made to resemble paper offerings and hell banknotes </li></ul>Chan Kin Lok Kenny
  10. 10. Candy sticks that could make grandma really upset <ul><li>Candles and incense are the food of the “dead” </li></ul><ul><li>A taboo in Chinese society </li></ul><ul><li>Respect the Ghosts rather than make fun of them </li></ul><ul><li> the candies are not very popular </li></ul>
  11. 11. Halloween <ul><li>an occasion for family gathering </li></ul><ul><li>forget the origin of Halloween </li></ul><ul><li>can still enjoy the festival </li></ul>Mak Ching Hang Angela
  12. 12. <ul><li>Special items provided by the d epartment stores and supermarkets </li></ul><ul><li>Special dishes that available during October only </li></ul>Mak Ching Hang Angela
  13. 13. Halloween Bash <ul><li>Teenagers love to join the Halloween event in the Ocean Park and Hong Kong Disneyland </li></ul>Mak Ching Hang Angela
  14. 14. Commercialization <ul><li>Department stores and restaurants can earn an extra revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Halloween Bash is one of the most profitable event </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage spending </li></ul>Mak Ching Hang Angela
  15. 15. Yu-Lan Festival <ul><li>Not much advertisements as Halloween </li></ul><ul><li>Do not have the atmosphere for partying </li></ul><ul><li>Providing offerings to the dead </li></ul>Mak Ching Hang Angela
  16. 16. Traditional offerings <ul><li>rice, bean-sprouts, fruits , candles, incense and yuen-bao 元寶 (paper-made silver and gold) </li></ul>Mak Ching Hang Angela
  17. 17. Nowadays offerings <ul><li>fancy and eye-catching paper-made offerings </li></ul><ul><li>Paper-made luxurious goods </li></ul>Mak Ching Hang Angela
  18. 18. Difference <ul><li>Both festivals go through the process of commercialization </li></ul><ul><li>Special Halloween products are for the living </li></ul><ul><li>B eautiful and improved Yu-Lan paper-made offerings are for the “Hungry Ghosts” </li></ul>Mak Ching Hang Angela
  19. 19. Reference <ul><li>Brandes, Stanley. Skulls to the living, bread to the dead. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Narváez, Peter, ed. Of corpse: death and humor in folklore and popular culture. Logan, Utah : Utah State University Press, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Rogers, Nicholas. Halloween: from pagan ritual to party night. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>The Royal Asiatic Society, Hong Kong Branch. In the heart of the metropolis: Yaumatei and its people . Hong Kong : Joint Publishing (H.K.) Co., 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Mall 852: <> [07 November 2009]. </li></ul>