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Innovation through understanding of transferred technology in China

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As part of 02.303, The Role of Technology and Design on Growth in China, I presented this topic with the case study about China's high speed railway.

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Innovation through understanding of transferred technology in China

  1. 1. INNOVATIONTHROUGH UNDERSTANDING OFTRANSFERRED TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA Lim Chen Pin Kenneth
  2. 2. WHAT DOESTHIS MEAN?
  3. 3. Technology leaders Technology transfer Understanding the technology Innovation exploiting imported know-how compete THE PROCESS
  4. 4. WHY IS CHINA ABLETO DOTHIS?
  5. 5. GOVERNMENT’S SUPPORT 
 AND 
 NATION PLAN
  6. 6. China’s high speed railway https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_j2yT5SIaDQ
  7. 7. WHAT IS A HIGH SPEED RAIL? Rail transport that operates faster than traditional rail and runs on dedicated tracks combined with specialised locomotives
  8. 8. 1. JOINTVENTURE REQUIREMENT
  9. 9. FOREIGNTECHNOLOGYTRANSFER • Joint venture with local companies • conform to China’s standards and assemble units locally • ability to self develop next generation of trains without their partner’s involvement
  10. 10. RAPID DEVELOPMENT • around 200 sets made in China in just 2 years • By September 2010, trains are able to travel at 200 to 250 km/h for 2,876 km
  11. 11. 2. RETURNS OUTWEIGH RISKS
  12. 12. HISTORY OF CHINA’S HSR • World’s longest network of 16,000km track length • introduced on April 18, 2007 • 2.49 million ridership in 2014
  13. 13. KAWASAKI AND CSR ISSUE • ended cooperation in 2008 after 2 years into Joint venture • ability to build models without external assistance • case of over-reaction as contracts are signed between Japan and China for the venture
  14. 14. MULTI PROJECTS AWARDEDTO JV • 2005 - Bidding for 350km/h trains by Siemens and CNRTangShan • 2007 - 70 sets to increase transport capacity • 2008 - 400 new generation trains from Bombardier and Siemens • 2010 - announcement of “super speed” railway R&D
  15. 15. 3. GOVERNMENT’S SUPPORT 
 AND FUNDING
  16. 16. INVESTMENT FUNDING • $22.7 billion in 2004 • $26.2 billion in 2006 and 2007. • $49.4 billion in 2008 • $88 billion in 2009. • $300 billion planned expenditure to build a 25,000 km 
 HSR network by 2020
  17. 17. SIGNIFICANT COMMITMENT RISK • From 2008 to 2010, the debt-to-asset ratio increased year on year. • In 2011, the total debt of the MOR is ¥2.09 trillion, which is ~5% of China’s GDP • Wen Jiabao gave vote of confidence to the industry in late 2012
  18. 18. CHINA RAILWAY SPEED UP CAMPAIGN 
 ( ) No. Year ≥ 120 km/h ≥ 160 km/h 1st 1997 1,398 752 2nd 1998 6,449 1,104 3rd 2000 9,581 1,104 4th 2001 13,166 1,104 5th 2004 16,500 7,700 6th 2007 22,000 14,000
  19. 19. 4. RAPID ESTABLISHMENT AS GLOBAL MARKET PLAYER
  20. 20. CONCENTRATED RESOURCES • Merger of country’s top train manufacturers, CSR and CNR into China Railway Rolling Stock Group • exporting technology to countries like Mexico,Thailand, United Kingdom, India, Russia andTurkey • Advantage of the combined rail and train industry capabilities for an all-in-one integrated project
  21. 21. INNOVATIONTHROUGH UNDERSTANDING OF TRANSFERREDTECHNOLOGY IN CHINA 1. JOINTVENTURE REQUIREMENT 2. RETURNS OUTWEIGH RISKS 3. GOVERNMENT’S SUPPORT AND FUNDING 4. RAPID ESTABLISHMENT AS GLOBAL MARKET PLAYER
  22. 22. MISC
  23. 23. OVERVIEW • History of China’s High Speed Railway (HSR) dream • Innovation and initiatives that made HSR successful in China • China’s from zero to competitor story • Challenges faced and the future of HSR
  24. 24. WHEELSVS MAGLEV • debate ended in 2004 with the Mid-to-LongTerm Railway Development Plan • Lower cost • no proprietary technology • safety consideration
  25. 25. OPERATORS CHINA RAILWAY CORPORATION

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