Chapter 5 Expressing Past Time

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Chapter 5 Expressing Past Time

  1. 1. Expressing Past Time Chapter 5
  2. 2. 5-1 Using BE : Past Time <ul><li>I was in class yesterday . </li></ul><ul><li>Alice was at the library yesterday . </li></ul><ul><li>My friends were at home yesterday . </li></ul><ul><li>I _______ in class today . </li></ul><ul><li>Alice _______ at the library today . </li></ul><ul><li>My friends _______ at home today . </li></ul>PAST TIME PRESENT TIME
  3. 3. 5-1 Using BE : Past Time <ul><li>We were </li></ul><ul><li>You were (more than one person) </li></ul><ul><li>They were </li></ul><ul><li>I was </li></ul><ul><li>You were ( one person) </li></ul><ul><li>She was </li></ul><ul><li>He was </li></ul><ul><li>It was </li></ul>SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF BE _______ SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF BE _______
  4. 4. 5-2 Past of BE : Negative _____________ + Wasn’t _____________ + Weren’t <ul><li>They were not at home last night. </li></ul><ul><li>They weren’t at home last night. </li></ul>NEGATIVE _______ Was + not = _______ Were + not = _______ <ul><li>I was not in class yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>I wasn’t in class yesterday </li></ul>
  5. 5. 5-3 Past of BE : Question <ul><li>Yes, I _______. (I was in class yesterday.) </li></ul><ul><li>No, I _______. (I wasn’t in class yesterday.) </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, he _______. (He was at home last night.) </li></ul><ul><li>No, he _______. (He wasn’t at home last night.) </li></ul>Were you in class yesterday? (be) + (subject) Was Carlos at home last night? (be) + (subject) SHORT ANSWER + (LONG ANSWER) YES/NO QUESTIONS
  6. 6. 5-3 Past of BE : Question In class. (I _______ in class yesterday.) At home. (She _______ at home last night.) Where were you yesterday? Where + (be) + (subject) Where was Jennifer last night? Where + (be) + (subject) SHORT ANSWER + (LONG ANSWER) INFORMATION QUESTIONS
  7. 7. 5-4 THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE: USING - ED verb + _______ = the simple present tense I You She He + - ed It We They I walk to school everyday. I walked to school yesterday. Ann walks to school everyday. Ann walked to school yesterday. SIMPLE PRESENT: SIMPLE PAST: SIMPLE PRESENT: SIMPLE PAST:
  8. 8. 5-5 PAST TIME WORDS: YESTERDAY, LAST, AND AGO Tom was here … … five minutes ago. … two hours ago. … three days ago. … a week ago. Sue was here… … last week … last spring. … last Month. … last Spring. Bob was here… … yesterday. … yesterday morning. … yesterday afternoon. … yesterday evening. AGO LAST YESTERDAY _______ is used with morning, afternoon, and evening . _______ is used with night , with long periods of time ( week, month, year ), with seasons ( spring, summer, etc .), and with days of the week. _______ means “in he past.” It follows specific lengths of time (e.g., two minutes + ago, five years + ago ).
  9. 9. 5-6 PRONUNCIATION OF – ED : /t/, /d/, AND /ǝd/ Final –ed is pronounced /ǝd/ if a verb ends in the letters _____________. Need  needed  need /ǝd/ want  wanted  want /ǝd/ - d or - t Final –ed is pronounced /d/ if the simple form of the verb ends in a _______ sound. rub  rubbed  rub /d/ live  lived  liv /d/ Seem  seemed  seem /d/ VOICED Final –ed is pronounced /t/ if a verb ends in a _______ sound. Help  helped  help /t/ Laugh  laughed  laugh /t/ guess  guessed  guess /t/ VOICELESS Final –ed has three pronunciations: /t/, /d/, AND /ǝd/
  10. 10. 5-7 SPELLING OF –ED VERBS TWO VOWELS + ONE CONSENANT  ______________ R ain  r ained N eed  n eeded Rule 3 ONE VOWEL + ONE CONSONANT  ________________ St op  st opped R ub  r ubbed Rule 2 END OF VERB: A CONSONANT + -e  __________ Smi le  smil ed Era se  eras ed Rule 1
  11. 11. 5-7 SPELLING OF –ED VERBS VOWEL + -y  __________________________________ Pl ay  pl ayed Enj oy  enj oyed Rule 6 CONSONANT + -y  _____________________________ Stu dy  stu died Car ry  car ried Rule 5 TWO CONSONANTS  __________________________ Cou nt  cou nted He lp  he lped Rule 4
  12. 12. <ul><li>Erase </li></ul><ul><li>Rub </li></ul><ul><li>Feed </li></ul><ul><li>Stay </li></ul><ul><li>Worry </li></ul><ul><li>yawn </li></ul>
  13. 13. 5-8 SPELLING OF –ED AND –ING : TWO-SYLLABLE VERBS <ul><li>For two-syllable verbs that end in a vowel and a consonant: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The consonant is not doubled if the stress is on the _______ syllable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The consonant is doubled if the stress is on the _______ syllable. </li></ul></ul>Visit VIS -it  ______  ______ Open O -pen  ______  ______ Admit Ad- MIT  ______  ______ Occur Oc- CUR  ______  ______

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