Multilingual Education K to 12 Competencies for Grades 1 to 3
!1!!! ! ! ! ! !!COMPETENCIES IN THE MOTHER TONGUECONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3ORALLANGUAGE1.Listen and respond to others2.Listen attentively to stories beingread.3..Participate actively during storyreading by making comments andasking questions.4..Participate in the reading ofpoetry by clapping, chanting orchoral reading.5. Listen and respond to texts byrecalling the important details in thestory such as thea. charactersb. settingc. main events6.Sequence 3 events in the story bytelling which happened first,second, or last.7. Listen and relate events in thestory heard to personalexperiences.1.Listen to and interact with othersin a group or class discussion.2. Respond to texts by recalling theimportant details in the story suchas thea. charactersb. settingc. main events3.Sequence 3 to 5 events in thestory4. Relate events in the story heardto personal experiences.5. Discuss and ask questions aboutstories heard, interpret and presentinformation6. Predict possible outcomes basedon what the characters say or do orwhat others say about them.7.Infer the characters’ feelings andtraits based on their actions or whatthey say.1. Listen to and interact withothers to clarify understandingof a text in a small group orclass discussion.2. Recall texts read andrespond to the main ideas inan organized way,3.Sequence 5 to 7 events inthe story4.Relate text to personal andwider experiences.5.Discuss and interpretspoken text, consideringpersonal experiences andothers’ point of view.6,.Predict possible outcomesbased ona. the key words in the textb. what the characters say anddo and what others say aboutthemc. the events in the story.
!2!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 38. Listen and ask questions aboutstories heard.9. Listen and predict possibleoutcomes based on what thecharacters say or do.10.Listen and infer the characters’feelings based on their actions orwhat they say.11..Listen and infer the characters’traits based on their actions or whatthey say.12.Listen and respond to the storythrough discussion, illustration,song, dramatization and art.13.Talk about personal experiences.14.. Listen and retell a story heardin their own words, citing thecharacters and important events.8.Respond to the story throughdiscussion, illustration, music, art,drama and various writing activities9. Relate text to and talk aboutpersonal experiences10.Tell/retell stories to a smallgroup or the whole class withproper expression.11.Give the cause or the effect ofthe events12.Tell whether a story is realisticor fantasy13.Tell what the problem is or howthe problem could be solved.14.Compare and tell the similaritiesand the differences ofcharacters/events15.Group informationunder stated categories16.Tell what the story is about7. Infer the characters’feelings, traits and motivesbased on their actions or whatthey say.8.Respond to the storythrough discussion,illustration, music, art, dramaand various writing activities9. Discuss and interpretspoken text, consideringpersonal experiences andothers’ point of view.10. Talk clearly andaccurately in small groups orwhole class, aboutexperiences, events and ideas.11.Identify the character’sproblem and how this couldbe solved.12.Compare and tell thesimilarities and thedifferences ofcharacters/events13..Group information
!3!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 317.Give one’s opinion on the eventsin the story.under stated categories14.. Discuss the main idea ofthe text15. Discuss/express one’sopinion on the text readPhonological Skills Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 31. Identify rhyming words innursery rhymes and simple poems.2. Give pairs of rhyming words.3. Count the number of syllables ina given word.4. Orally segment a two to three-syllable word into its syllabic parts.5. Give the beginning consonantsounds of given words.6. Give the new spoken word whena specified phoneme is added,changed or removed.7. Blend spoken simple beginningsounds (onsets to form new words.1. Identify rhyming words inpoems consisting of two to threestanzas.2. Supply rhyming words to two tothree- stanza poems.3. Orally segment a multi-syllableword into its syllabic parts.(Children at the end of Grade2 who do not demonstratephonological awareness at thelevels of the syllable andphoneme should be givenspecial instruction to preventfailure in reading).
!4!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3Book and PrintKnowledge1. Use correctly the terms referringto conventions of print: (book,front and back cover, beginning,ending, title, page,author, and illustrator).2. Track the text in the correctorder: page by page, left to right,top to bottom.3. Differentiate letters from words.4. Make one-to-onecorrespondence between writtenand spoken words.5. Point out that spoken words arerepresented in written language byspecific sequence of letters.6. Recognize correct spelling ofwords.7. Observe some mechanics whencopying/writing sentences:capitalization, white space betweenwords and correct punctuationmarks.1. Tell the different parts of a book.2. Tell the distinguishing featuresof a story.3.Observe some mechanics whencopying/writing sentences:capitalization, punctuation marksand spelling3. Tell the distinguishing featuresof a paragraph.4. Tell the distinguishing featuresof a stanza.1. Tell the different featuresof a page layout in non-fictiontext: title, labels, diagramsand charts.2. Tell the differentdistinguishing features of astory, a paragraph and astanza.
!5!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3Alphabet Knowledge 1. Identify all the letters of thealphabet, both upper and lowercase.2. Write all the letters of thealphabet, upper and lower case.3. Give the letter that begins thename of a given object/picture.4. Identify the letters in givenwords.Word Recognition 1. Give the sounds of all letters inthe alphabet.2. Show how spoken words arerepresented by written lettersthat are arranged in a specificorder3. Blend specific letters to formwords4. Match words with pictures orobjects.5. Read words using phonicsknowledge.1. Read a large number ofregularly spelled one- to-threesyllable words.2. Sound out unfamiliar wordsusing phonics knowledge.3. Read by sight words listed inAppendix ___4. Blend phonemes to read wordscontaining consonant blends,clusters.5. Identify syllables in order toread multi-syllable words.1. Read words that containdiphthongs.2. Read unfamiliar wordsusing knowledge ofphonics and word parts(prefixes, roots, suffixes)3. Give the meanings ofwords in context usingknowledge of prefixesand suffixes.4. Read contracted formscorrectly through the useof the apostrophe for
!6!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 36. Sound out unfamiliar words byusing phonics knowledge7. Read by sight words listed inAppendix __8. Read phrases, sentences andshort stories containing highfrequency words and wordsstudied6. Give the meaning of words incontext using knowledge ofaffixes (See Appendix ___)omissionGrade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3Fluency1.Read aloud grade one level textat a rate of approximately 60 wordsper minute.2.Read grade one level text with anaccuracy rate of 95-100%3.Read with automaticity 100 firstgrade high-frequency/ sight words(Appendix ___)4. Read grade one level text inthree-to-four word phrases withappropriate intonation, expressionand punctuation cues1.Read grade two level text at a rateof approximately 80 words perminute2.Read grade two level text with anaccuracy rate of 95-100%3.Read grade two level text inthree-to-four word phrases usingappropriate intonation, expressionand punctuation cues4. Read with automaticity 200second grade high-frequency/ sightwords (Appendix ___)1.Read grade three level textat a rate of approximately 100words per minute2.Read aloud grade three leveltext with an accuracy rate of95-100%3.Read grade three level textin meaningful phrases usingappropriate intonation,expression and punctuationcues4..Read with automaticity 300third grade high-frequency/sight words (Appendix ___)
!7!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3Spelling1.Understand that there is a correctway to spell words2.Spell and write words usingphonemic awareness and letterknowledge .3.Correctly spell previously studiedwords1.Analyze how words are spelled2.Correctly spell previously studiedwords3.Spell unfamiliar words usingphonics and word knowledge (SeeAppendix __)1.Correctly spell previouslystudied words.2.Correctly spell words withirregular letter combinationsand with affixes3.Spell words using phonics,word and semantic knowledge(See AppendixGrade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3Handwriting 1.Write using a comfortable andefficient pencil grip2.Write upper case and lower caseletters in print using properproportion.3.Write simple phrases observingproper spacing between words4.Write simple sentences observingcorrect punctuation marks andcapitalization.1.Write legibly in cursivehandwriting2.Write words, phrases andsentences while integrating spellingand word knowledge3.Write simple sentences observingwriting mechanics such ascapitalization, punctuation marksand spelling.1.Write words, phrases andsentences while integratingspelling and word knowledge2.Write simple sentencesobserving writing mechanicssuch as capitalization,punctuation marks andspelling.3.Write short paragraphs,letters and short storiesobserving proper mechanicssuch as margin and indention.
!8!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3Composing 1.Write using letter forms/inventedspelling to represent thoughts andideas2.Write, using phonics knowledge,words, phrases and short sentencesto represent ideas.3.Write using phonic knowledge fordifferent purposes – sentences,short stories, lists, etc.)1.Write using phonic knowledge fordifferent purposes – stories,explanations, letters, diaries, etc.)2.Write sentences and shortparagraphs for others to read (bythinking of ideas, writing draftcopies3.Write different types ofcomposition (e.g. stories, reports,and letters)4.Make good judgments about whatto include in writing5.Apply the correct mechanics ofwriting (for example, spelling,capitalization, and punctuation) inthe final versions of composition.1.Independently review ownwritten work/work of othersfor errors in spelling,capitalization, andpunctuation2.Begin to write using literarywords and sentences (such asfigurative language)3.Combine information incompositions from a varietyof sources, including books,articles, and computerinformation4.Share written output andthen revise and edit this withassistance.5.Discuss own writing withother children and respondhelpfully to the writing ofother childrenGrade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3Grammar Awareness 1.Identify names of persons, placesand things1.Identify names of persons, placesand things1..Identify nouns
!9!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 32. Use the correct noun markers(ang, ang mga) in identifyingcommon and proper names3. Give the proper names ofpersons, places and things.4.Write correctly the proper names5.Identify the directionalprepositions in sentences.6. Use the prepositions correctly inconstructing own sentences7.Identify the pronouns used insentences.8.Use pronouns correctly in talkingand in writing.9.Identify action words in sentences10.Use the correct action words innarrating one’s experiences11. Identify describing words insentences2.Use the correct noun markers(ang, ang mga, si, sina, . . .) inidentifying common and propernames3.Give the correct proper names ofcommon names4.Use prepositions correctly inconstructing and writing sentences5.Identify personal, possessive andobject pronouns.6.Use correct pronouns in talkingand in writing.7.Identify action words in sentencesand stories.8.Use correct action words innarrating and writing about one’sexperiences.9.Identify describing words insentences10.Use appropriate describingwords in talking and writing about2.Write the correct propernames of common names3.Identify personal, possessiveand object pronouns.4.Use correct pronouns intalking and in writing.5.Identify verbs in sentencesand stories.6.Use correct action words innarrating and writing aboutone’s experiences.7Identify describing words insentences8.Use appropriate describingwords in talking and writingabout persons, places andthings9. Identify adverbs of manner,place and time.10.Use appropriate adverbs intalking and in writing.
!10!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 312.Use appropriate describingwords in talking about persons,places and things13.Give the synonyms andantonyms of simple describingwordspersons, places and things11. Identify adverbs of manner,place and time.12.Use appropriate adverbs intalking and in writing.Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3Vocabulary1.Develop and use vocabulary bylistening to and discussingselections read aloud.2.Get the meanings of wordspresented through illustrations,demonstration, use of synonymsand antonyms.3.Identify words that name person,places or things, and actions4.Classify common words intoconceptual characteristics (e.g.animals, food, toys)5.Draw on experiences to bringmeanings to words in context1.Develop and use vocabulary bylistening to and discussingselections read aloud2.Give the meanings of wordspresented through illustrations,demonstration, synonyms andantonyms.3.Use words to describe persons,places, processes and events inspoken and written composition4.Supply words that fall intoconceptual categories5.Draw on experiences to bringmeanings to words in context6.Discuss meanings and develop1Discuss meanings anddevelop voabulary throughmeaningful and concreteexperiences.!!2.Develop and use vocabularyby listening and discussingselections read aloud3.Get the meaning of wordsthrough context.4.Use contractions5.Use many compound words6.Use common abbreviationsto represent many words
!11!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 36.Discuss meanings and developvocabulary through meaningful andconcrete experiences.7.Begin to identify and usesynonyms, antonyms, homonymsand multiple-meaning wordscorrectly8. Use clues from context to figureout what the words mean9.Identify some words thatcomprise contractions (e.g. can’t-can not, isn’t- is not)10.Recognize that two words canmake a compound word2.11.Understand that the languageused in school is more formal thanthe language used at home and withfriendsvocabulary through meaningful andconcrete experiences.7.Use synonyms, antonyms,homonyms and multiple-meaningwords8.Use clues from context to figureout what words mean9.Use knowledge of prefixes andsuffixes to determine meaning ofwords (See Appendix ___)10.Identify the two words incontractions.11.Determine the meaning ofcompound words , using knowledgeof individual words12.Use abbreviations to representsome common words13.Use different parts of speechcorrectly including nouns,pronouns, verbs, adjectives, andadverbs7.Use different parts of speechcorrectly including nouns,pronouns, verbs, adjectives,and adverbs8.Develop vocabulary andknowledge throughindependent reading9.Use dictionaries, glossariesand context to build/clarifyword meanings and confirmpunctuation10. .Get the meaning of new.words through independentreading11.Use curricular contentareas and current events tostudy words
!12!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 314.Get the meaning of new wordsthrough independent reading15.Use curricular content areas andcurrent events to study wordsGrade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3Reading ComprehensionA. Activating Schemaand Prior Knowledge1. Predict what the story is aboutbased on personal experiences.2. Predict what the story is aboutbased on what one knows aboutcharacters, setting and incidents.3. Relate events in the story topersonal experiences.4. Confirm predictions afterlistening to a story.5,Modify prior knowledge based onnew knowledge from the story.1. Predict the events in the storybased on texts previously read orheard.2. Ask questions that can beanswered after reading the text.3. Relate events in the story topersonal experiences.4. Tell if the predictions made areright based on the text heard.5. Modify prior knowledge basedon the new information learnedfrom the text.1.Predict events and actions,based on prior knowledge andtext features.2.Interpret information fromgraphic organizers like webs,Venn diagram and flow chartsto comprehend text.3.Modify prior knowledgebased on the new informationlearned from the text.Grade!1! Grade!2! Grade 3B. Comprehension ofLiterary texts1.Recall important details in storiesread2.Give the correct sequence of three1..Recall important information instories and poems read2.Sequence a series of 3 to 5 events1.Participate actively duringthe reading of text by makingcomments, asking questions,and clarifying information.
!13!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3events3.Make inferences on thecharacter’s feelings and traits.4.Respond to the story throughillustrations dramatization, andwriting activities.5.Make inferences on what is likelyto happen next based on the eventsin the story6.Give the cause or the effect ofcertain events in the story.7.Cite the problem and/the mostlikely solution.8.Tell what the story is all aboutbased on the illustration, title orimportant events in the story.9.Tell if the story is real or fantasy.10.Give another possible ending ofthe story.11.Give one’s opinion, based onpersonal experiences.in the stories read3. .Make inferences on thecharacter’s feelings and traits4.Respond to the story/poemthrough discussion, drawing, music,art, drama or writing activities5.Identify the most possible effectsof a certain event.6. Give the most likely solution to aproblem in the story.7.Identify the main idea of aselection read.8.Interpret information fromillustrations, diagrams, charts andgraphs.9.Identify parts of the story to provethat it is realistic or fantasy10.Write another possible ending ofthe story.11.Give one’s opinion on someevents in the story based on2.Recall importantinformation in the story read.3.Respond to the story orpoem through discussions,music, art, drama and variouswriting activities.4.Interpret stories/poemsthrough dramatizations,illustration and writingactivities.5.Support responses tostory/poem by quotingrelevant aspects of the textand own interpretations.6.Offer observation, makeconnections, react, speculate,interpret and raise questions inresponse to the text.7.Give one’s opinion, basedon personal experiences.8.Write another ending of astory read.
!14!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 312.Identify the pair of rhymingwords in short poems.personal experiences.12. Identify the pairs of rhymingwords in poems read.9. Write a short summary of astory.10.Identify the number ofstanzas, lines and rhymingwords in poems read.11. Give the rhyme schemeof poems read.Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3C. Comprehension ofInformational Text1.Give the topic of expository textread.2.Answer literal level questionsabout expository text read.3.Locate specific information in thetext to find answers to simplequestions.4.Follow a set of written or verbalthree-step directions with picturecues.5.State the meaning of someenvironmental signs (e. g, trafficsafety, warning signs).1..Identify organizational features(e.g. title, table of contents,heading, bold print) of expositorytext.2.Locate specific information byusing organizational features inexpository text.3.Identify the main idea inexpository text.4.Locate facts in response toquestions about expository text.5.Locate specific information fromgraphic organizers.5.Follow a set of written three-step1.Identify the main idea andsupporting details inexpository text.2.Locate facts in response toquestions about expositorytext.3.Use organizational features(e. g. title, table of contents)in expository text.4.Identify and use a variety ofsources (e. g. trade books,reference books) that may beused to answer specificquestions.5.Identify the main points and
!15!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3directions.6.State the meaning of specificsigns and symbols (e. g. computericons, map features, simple chartsand graphs).summarize orally the contentof a passage of text.6.Use notes to summarize themain points from a passage ortext.7.Interpret information fromgraphic features(e.g. charts, maps,diagrams, illustrations, tables,simple timelines) ofexpository text.8.Follow a set of writtenmulti-step directions.9.Generate questions beforereading and use informationlocation skills to help findspecific information.Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3Attitude towardLanguage, Literacy andLiterature1.Manifest enjoyment of rhymesand short poems by clapping,repeating some lines and recitingthem.2.Show love for reading by1.Manifest enjoyment of reading bybrowsing storybooks.2.Show love for reading bylistening attentively during storyreading, making comments and1.Show enjoyment of readingby rereading favorite stories.2. Sustain silent reading forvarious purposes such asreading for pleasure and
!16!!CONTENT STANDARD GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3listening attentively during storyreading, and making comments.3.Express love for stories bybrowsing the storybooks read tothem and asking to be read morestories.asking questions.3.Memorize and recite poems readin class.reading for information.3.Memorize and recite poemswith proper expression