Teaching Approaches

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Teaching Approaches

  1. 1. Teaching Approaches Dr. Ken Boa and Bill Ibsen © Dr. Ken Boa and Bill Ibsen 2009. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. Approach 1
  3. 3. StoriesDrama Discussion Lecture QuestionVisual & Aid Answer Projects Approach 1
  4. 4. LectureApproach 1
  5. 5. 1. Lecture
  6. 6. 1. Lecture Lecture: Telling the Truth
  7. 7. 1. Lecture Lecture: Telling the Truth One person verbalizing info to others
  8. 8. 1. Lecture Lecture: Telling the Truth One person verbalizing info to others “Dry and boring?”
  9. 9. 1. Lecture Lecture: Telling the Truth One person verbalizing info to others “Dry and boring?” Style, not method
  10. 10. World’s MostFamous Lecture
  11. 11. World’s MostFamous Lecture “WHEN JESUS SAW THE CROWDS, HE WENT UP ON THE MOUNTAIN; AND AFTER HE SAT DOWN, HIS DISCIPLES CAME TO HIM. HE OPENED HIS MOUTH AND BEGAN TO TEACH THEM...” (MATTHEW 5:1-2)
  12. 12. World’s MostFamous Lecture “WHEN JESUS SAW THE CROWDS, HE WENT UP ON THE MOUNTAIN; AND AFTER HE SAT DOWN, HIS DISCIPLES CAME TO HIM. HE OPENED HIS MOUTH AND BEGAN TO TEACH THEM...” (MATTHEW 5:1-2) Questions
  13. 13. World’s MostFamous Lecture “WHEN JESUS SAW THE CROWDS, HE WENT UP ON THE MOUNTAIN; AND AFTER HE SAT DOWN, HIS DISCIPLES CAME TO HIM. HE OPENED HIS MOUTH AND BEGAN TO TEACH THEM...” (MATTHEW 5:1-2) Questions Other teaching methods
  14. 14. World’s MostFamous Lecture “WHEN JESUS SAW THE CROWDS, HE WENT UP ON THE MOUNTAIN; AND AFTER HE SAT DOWN, HIS DISCIPLES CAME TO HIM. HE OPENED HIS MOUTH AND BEGAN TO TEACH THEM...” (MATTHEW 5:1-2) Questions Other teaching methods Christ’s teaching dominated the event
  15. 15. Lecture: “To communicate”
  16. 16. Lecture: “To communicate” Delivery is everything
  17. 17. Lecture: “To communicate” Delivery is everything Use attention-getters
  18. 18. Lecture: “To communicate” Delivery is everything Use attention-getters Use variety
  19. 19. Incremental Learning
  20. 20. Incremental Learning Global vs. linear
  21. 21. Incremental Learning Global vs. linear Clear thesis or premise
  22. 22. Incremental Learning Global vs. linear Clear thesis or premise Curriculum
  23. 23. SOMETIMES STUDENTS NEED NOTHING MORE THAN A GOOD LECTURE!
  24. 24. Approach 2
  25. 25. Drama Visual Lecture AidQuestion & DiscussionAnswer Projects Approach 2
  26. 26. Drama Visual Lecture Aid StoriesQuestion & DiscussionAnswer Projects Approach 2
  27. 27. StoriesApproach 2
  28. 28. 2. Stories
  29. 29. 2. Stories Stories = Finding truth in Life
  30. 30. 2. Stories Stories = Finding truth in Life Easy to listen to
  31. 31. 2. Stories Stories = Finding truth in Life Easy to listen to Fun to think about
  32. 32. 2. Stories Stories = Finding truth in Life Easy to listen to Fun to think about Sink deep into our heart
  33. 33. 2. Stories Stories = Finding truth in Life Easy to listen to Fun to think about Sink deep into our heart Help you reflect
  34. 34. 2. Stories
  35. 35. 2. Stories People see themselves in the story and relate to them
  36. 36. 2. Stories People see themselves in the story and relate to them Testimonies
  37. 37. 2. Stories People see themselves in the story and relate to them Testimonies Word pictures bring concepts to life
  38. 38. 2. Stories People see themselves in the story and relate to them Testimonies Word pictures bring concepts to life Fly under radar
  39. 39. “information’s pretty thin stuff unless mixed with experience” - Clarence Day
  40. 40. Parables = Stories
  41. 41. Parables = Stories “That day Jesus went out of the house and was sitting by the sea. And large crowds gathered to Him, so He got into a boat and sat down, and the whole crowd was standing on the beach. And He spoke many things to them in parables...” (Matthew 13:1-3)
  42. 42. Jesus’ Favorite Story Form
  43. 43. Jesus’ Favorite Story FormParable: “para” + “bole”
  44. 44. Jesus’ Favorite Story FormParable: “para” + “bole” “to throw alongside”
  45. 45. Jesus’ Favorite Story FormParable: “para” + “bole” “to throw alongside”Purposes:
  46. 46. Jesus’ Favorite Story FormParable: “para” + “bole” “to throw alongside”Purposes: Frame of reference
  47. 47. Jesus’ Favorite Story FormParable: “para” + “bole” “to throw alongside”Purposes: Frame of reference Separated those hungry for truth
  48. 48. “Like”
  49. 49. “Like” “The kingdom of heaven islike...” (Matthew 13)
  50. 50. “Like” “The kingdom of heaven islike...” (Matthew 13) Moves from the conceptual to theconcrete
  51. 51. “Like” “The kingdom of heaven islike...” (Matthew 13) Moves from the conceptual to theconcrete “See, here’s what this idea is like”
  52. 52. Teaching Like Jesus
  53. 53. Teaching Like Jesus Cast one thing alongside another to make something clearer
  54. 54. A story carries a truth from the library to life and back again
  55. 55. Approach 3
  56. 56. Question & AnswerDiscussion Stories Drama Lecture Projects Approach 3
  57. 57. Question & AnswerDiscussion Stories Visual Aid Drama Lecture Projects Approach 3
  58. 58. Visual AidApproach 3
  59. 59. 3. Visual Aid
  60. 60. 3. Visual Aid Visual Aid = Picturing the truth
  61. 61. 3. Visual Aid Visual Aid = Picturing the truth Communication in a way most people are used to
  62. 62. 3. Visual Aid Visual Aid = Picturing the truth Communication in a way most people are used to Visual culture
  63. 63. “Things seen are mightierthan things heard.” - Alfred, Lord Tennyson
  64. 64. “Things seen are mightierthan things heard.” - Alfred, Lord Tennyson
  65. 65. “Things seen are mightierthan things heard.” - Alfred, Lord Tennyson
  66. 66. “Things seen are mightierthan things heard.” - Alfred, Lord Tennyson
  67. 67. Using What People Relate To nt out to sow...” “Behold, the sower we , Van G ogh, 1888 Sower with Setting Sun
  68. 68. Using What People Relate To nt out to sow...” “Behold, the sower weJesus used agriculturalillustrations , Van G ogh, 1888 Sower with Setting Sun
  69. 69. Using What People Relate To nt out to sow...” “Behold, the sower weJesus used agriculturalillustrations Agrarian society Sower with Setting Sun , Van G ogh, 1888
  70. 70. “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser.Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit, He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit, He prunes it so that it may bear more fruit.
  71. 71. “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser.Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit, He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit, He prunes it so that it may bear more fruit. I am the vine, you are the branches; he who abides in Me and I in him, he bears much fruit, for apart from Me you can do nothing.” John 15:1-2, 5
  72. 72. Roman Coin, Augustus Caesar
  73. 73. “‘Show Me the coin used for the poll-tax... Whose likeness and inscription is this?...Roman Coin, Augustus Caesar
  74. 74. “‘Show Me the coin used for the poll-tax... Whose likeness and inscription is this?... Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s; and to God the things that are God’s.’”Roman Coin, Augustus Caesar Matthew 22:19-21
  75. 75. “‘Observe how the lilies of the field grow...’” Matthew 6:28
  76. 76. “‘Look at the birds of the air...’” Matthew 6:26“‘Observe how the lilies of the field grow...’” Matthew 6:28
  77. 77. “It’s Like This...”
  78. 78. “It’s Like This...”Visual object >physical comparisonor illustration
  79. 79. “It’s Like This...”Visual object >physical comparisonor illustration
  80. 80. “It’s Like This...”Visual object >physical comparisonor illustration
  81. 81. “It’s Like This...” Visual object > physical comparison or illustration1. What’s the point?
  82. 82. “It’s Like This...” Visual object > physical comparison or illustration1. What’s the point?2.What’s it like in my experience?
  83. 83. “It’s Like This...” Visual object > physical comparison or illustration1. What’s the point?2.What’s it like in my experience?3.Find the object of comparison
  84. 84. Approach 4
  85. 85. Discussion VisualDrama Aid Question & AnswerLecture Stories Projects Approach 4
  86. 86. Question & AnswerApproach 4
  87. 87. 4. Question and Answer
  88. 88. 4. Question and Answer • Question and Answer = Clarifying the truth
  89. 89. 4. Question and Answer • Question and Answer = Clarifying the truth • Provokes thought
  90. 90. 4. Question and Answer • Question and Answer = Clarifying the truth • Provokes thought • “Devil’s advocate”
  91. 91. 4. Question and Answer • Question and Answer = Clarifying the truth • Provokes thought • “Devil’s advocate” • Clarifying beliefs through interactive questioning
  92. 92. Jesus’ Constant Questions
  93. 93. Jesus’ Constant Questions “...the chief priests and the elders of the peoplecame to Him while He was teaching...Jesus said to them, ‘I will also ask you one thing,which if you tell Me, I will also tell you by whatauthority I do these things.
  94. 94. Jesus’ Constant Questions “...the chief priests and the elders of the peoplecame to Him while He was teaching...Jesus said to them, ‘I will also ask you one thing,which if you tell Me, I will also tell you by whatauthority I do these things.The baptism of John was from whatsource, from heaven or from men?’”Matthew 21:23-25a
  95. 95. Self-Discovery
  96. 96. Self-Discovery
  97. 97. Self-Discovery
  98. 98. Self-Discovery
  99. 99. Asking Good Questions The Thinker, Auguste Rodin, Paris, 1902
  100. 100. Asking Good Questions• Use spontaneous, but well-timed questions The Thinker, Auguste Rodin, Paris, 1902
  101. 101. Asking Good Questions• Use spontaneous, but well-timed questions• Avoid “Yes” and “No” The Thinker, Auguste Rodin, Paris, 1902
  102. 102. Asking Good Questions• Use spontaneous, but well-timed questions• Avoid “Yes” and “No”• Use five “Ws”and “H” The Thinker, Auguste Rodin, Paris, 1902
  103. 103. Approach 5
  104. 104. Drama QuestionLecture & Answer VisualStories Aid Projects Approach 5
  105. 105. Drama QuestionLecture & Answer Discussion VisualStories Aid Projects Approach 5
  106. 106. DiscussionApproach 5
  107. 107. 5. Discussion
  108. 108. 5. Discussion Lecture Telling the truth Stories Finding the truth in life Visual Aid Picturing the truth Q&A Clarifying the truth Discussion Finding the truth together
  109. 109. 5. Discussion Lecture Telling the truth Stories Finding the truth in life Visual Aid Picturing the truth Q&A Clarifying the truth Discussion Finding the truth together
  110. 110. 5. Discussion Lecture Telling the truth Stories Finding the truth in life Visual Aid Picturing the truth Q&A Clarifying the truth Discussion Finding the truth together
  111. 111. 5. Discussion Lecture Telling the truth Stories Finding the truth in life Visual Aid Picturing the truth Q&A Clarifying the truth Discussion Finding the truth together
  112. 112. 5. Discussion Lecture Telling the truth Stories Finding the truth in life Visual Aid Picturing the truth Q&A Clarifying the truth Discussion Finding the truth together
  113. 113. 5. Discussion
  114. 114. 5. Discussion
  115. 115. 5. Discussion• Moderate
  116. 116. 5. Discussion• Moderate• Courtesy/Fairness
  117. 117. 5. Discussion• Moderate• Courtesy/Fairness• Clarify meanings
  118. 118. 5. Discussion• Moderate• Courtesy/Fairness• Clarify meanings• Referee
  119. 119. The Supper at Emmaus, Carvaggio, 1601
  120. 120. “While they were talking and discussing, Jesus Himself approached and began traveling with them... The Supper at Emmaus, Carvaggio, 1601
  121. 121. “While they were talking and discussing, Jesus Himself approached and began traveling with them... And He said to them, “What are these words that you are exchanging with one another as you are walking?” And they stood still, looking sad... The Supper at Emmaus, Carvaggio, 1601
  122. 122. “While they were talking and discussing, Jesus Himself approached and began traveling with them... And He said to them, “What are these words that you are exchanging with one another as you are walking?” And they stood still, looking sad...Then beginning with Moses and with all the prophets, He explained to them the things concerning Himself in all the Scriptures.” Luke 24:15, 17, 27 The Supper at Emmaus, Carvaggio, 1601
  123. 123. The Supper at Emmaus, Carvaggio, 1601
  124. 124. • Two discussions occurred: The Supper at Emmaus, Carvaggio, 1601
  125. 125. • Two discussions occurred: • Between the disciples on the road The Supper at Emmaus, Carvaggio, 1601
  126. 126. • Two discussions occurred: • Between the disciples on the road • Between the disciples and Jesus on the road and at supper The Supper at Emmaus, Carvaggio, 1601
  127. 127. • Two discussions occurred: • Between the disciples on the road • Between the disciples and Jesus on the road and at supper • Discussion, not lecture The Supper at Emmaus, Carvaggio, 1601
  128. 128. Benefits
  129. 129. Benefits• Clarifies the material
  130. 130. Benefits• Clarifies the material• Increases ownership
  131. 131. Benefits• Clarifies the material• Increases ownership• Promotes inquiry and learning
  132. 132. Benefits• Clarifies the material• Increases ownership• Promotes inquiry and learning• Promotes tolerance for opposing views
  133. 133. Rules of Engagement
  134. 134. Rules of Engagement • Allow dissent, disagreement, and dialogue
  135. 135. Rules of Engagement • Allow dissent, disagreement, and dialogue • No insults, emotional outcries, or personal attacks
  136. 136. Rules of Engagement • Allow dissent, disagreement, and dialogue • No insults, emotional outcries, or personal attacks
  137. 137. Rules of Engagement • Allow dissent, disagreement, and dialogue • No insults, emotional outcries, or personal attacks • Closure
  138. 138. Madagascar, 2005
  139. 139. Madagascar, 2005Discussion causes nuggets to surface in the mind
  140. 140. Approach 6
  141. 141. LectureStories Discussion QuestionVisual & Aid Answer Projects Approach 6
  142. 142. LectureStories Discussion Drama QuestionVisual & Aid Answer Projects Approach 6
  143. 143. DramaApproach 6
  144. 144. 6. Drama 60’s Batm an and Robin, 19
  145. 145. 6. DramaDrama = Acting out the truth 60’s Batm an and Robin, 19
  146. 146. 6. DramaDrama = Acting out the truthTaps into the desire to perform and benoticed Batm an and Robin, 19 60’s
  147. 147. 6. DramaDrama = Acting out the truthTaps into the desire to perform and benoticed Batm an and Robin, 19 60’sSpontaneous, role plays, scripted
  148. 148. Drama Places Them In the Truth A Charlie Brown Christmas, 1965
  149. 149. Drama Places Them In the Truth A Charlie Brown Christmas, 1965
  150. 150. “...Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them,‘Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkeytied there and a colt with her; untie them and bring them to Me.
  151. 151. “...Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them,‘Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkeytied there and a colt with her; untie them and bring them to Me.If anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord hasneed of them,’ and immediately he will send them.”Matthew 21:1-3
  152. 152. Implementing Drama
  153. 153. Implementing Drama Any age can participate in a simple role-play
  154. 154. Implementing Drama Any age can participate in a simple role-play Non-scripted
  155. 155. Approach 7
  156. 156. LectureStories DramaVisual Discussion Aid Question & Answer Approach 7
  157. 157. LectureStories Drama ProjectsVisual Discussion Aid Question & Answer Approach 7
  158. 158. ProjectsApproach 7
  159. 159. “PROJECT”
  160. 160. “PROJECT”“Projecting” truth from onesituation - the classroom -to another - LIFE!
  161. 161. “PROJECT”“Projecting” truth from onesituation - the classroom -to another - LIFE!Moves from:
  162. 162. “PROJECT”“Projecting” truth from onesituation - the classroom -to another - LIFE!Moves from: Conceptual to the concrete
  163. 163. “PROJECT”“Projecting” truth from onesituation - the classroom -to another - LIFE!Moves from: Conceptual to the concrete Ideas to tangible models
  164. 164. “PROJECT”“Projecting” truth from onesituation - the classroom -to another - LIFE!Moves from: Conceptual to the concrete Ideas to tangible modelsMoves to action
  165. 165. JESUS AND PROJECTS Rembrandt, 1647-49
  166. 166. JESUS AND PROJECTS Projects facilitate involvement, accountability, and experiential learning Rembrandt, 1647-49
  167. 167. JESUS AND PROJECTS Projects facilitate involvement, accountability, and experiential learning Jesus’ model Rembrandt, 1647-49
  168. 168. JESUS THE RABBI
  169. 169. JESUS THE RABBI Practice of the rabbi and student
  170. 170. JESUS THE RABBI Practice of the rabbi and student Put the teaching into practice: word/deed
  171. 171. JESUS THE RABBI
  172. 172. JESUS THE RABBI
  173. 173. JESUS THE RABBI“And He called the twelve together,and gave them power and authorityover all the demons and to heal diseases.And He sent them out to proclaim the kingdomof God and to perform healing...
  174. 174. JESUS THE RABBI“And He called the twelve together,and gave them power and authorityover all the demons and to heal diseases.And He sent them out to proclaim the kingdomof God and to perform healing...Departing, they began going throughout the villages,preaching the gospel and healing everywhere.”Luke 9:1-2, 6
  175. 175. BENEFITS OF PROJECTS
  176. 176. BENEFITS OF PROJECTS Accountability
  177. 177. BENEFITS OF PROJECTS Accountability Teamwork
  178. 178. BENEFITS OF PROJECTS Accountability Teamwork Self-discovery
  179. 179. BENEFITS OF PROJECTS Accountability Opportunities Teamwork Self-discovery
  180. 180. BENEFITS OF PROJECTS Accountability Opportunities Teamwork Success/failure Self-discovery
  181. 181. BENEFITS OF PROJECTS
  182. 182. BENEFITS OF PROJECTSCreativity
  183. 183. BENEFITS OF PROJECTSCreativitySelf-discipline
  184. 184. BENEFITS OF PROJECTSCreativitySelf-disciplineSelf-motivation
  185. 185. BENEFITS OF PROJECTS
  186. 186. BENEFITS OF PROJECTSInsecurity
  187. 187. BENEFITS OF PROJECTSInsecurityTension
  188. 188. BENEFITS OF PROJECTSInsecurityTensionAll excellent forlife change!
  189. 189. Lecture
  190. 190. LectureProjects
  191. 191. LectureProjectsLecture
  192. 192. LectureProjectsLectureStories
  193. 193. LectureProjectsLectureStories Visual Aid
  194. 194. LectureProjectsLectureStories Visual AidQuestion &Answer
  195. 195. LectureProjects Lecture Stories Visual AidQuestion &AnswerDiscussion
  196. 196. LectureProjects Lecture Stories Visual AidQuestion &AnswerDiscussion Drama
  197. 197. LectureProjects Be Unpredictable Lecture Stories Visual AidQuestion &AnswerDiscussion Drama
  198. 198. LectureProjects Be Unpredictable Lecture Stories Impact tends to drop with predictability Visual AidQuestion &AnswerDiscussion Drama
  199. 199. LectureProjects Be Unpredictable Lecture Stories Impact tends to drop with predictability Visual Aid Mix, match, blend approaches as appropriateQuestion &AnswerDiscussion Drama
  200. 200. LectureProjects Be Unpredictable Lecture Stories Impact tends to drop with predictability Visual Aid Mix, match, blend approaches as appropriateQuestion &AnswerDiscussion Drama
  201. 201. LectureProjects Be Unpredictable Lecture Stories Impact tends to drop with predictability Visual Aid Mix, match, blend approaches as appropriateQuestion &AnswerDiscussion Drama
  202. 202. Education vs. Entertainment
  203. 203. Education vs. Entertainment
  204. 204. Education vs. Entertainment
  205. 205. Education vs. Entertainment
  206. 206. Education vs. Entertainment
  207. 207. Education vs. Entertainment
  208. 208. Education vs. Entertainment
  209. 209. Education vs. Entertainment
  210. 210. Sticky Ideas
  211. 211. p leSim
  212. 212. U nexpe cte d
  213. 213. Concrete
  214. 214. Cre dible
  215. 215. n al ot ioE m
  216. 216. s ie orSt
  217. 217. SUCCESs
  218. 218. The End
  219. 219. KenBoa.orgReflections Ministries Resources
  220. 220. KenBoa.orgReflections Ministries ResourcesReflections - A free monthly teaching letter
  221. 221. KenBoa.orgReflections Ministries ResourcesReflections - A free monthly teaching letterKenBoa.org website - Daily Growth email andfree text and audio resources
  222. 222. KENBOA.ORG KenBoa.org ken_boa Kenneth Boa

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