Tuberculosis

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what is tuberculosis, its causes, manifestations, medical intervention?

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Tuberculosis

  1. 1. UNSA MAN NING TB? TUBERCU LOSIS
  2. 2. FACTS ABOUT TB IN THE PHILIPPINES In the Philippines, TB is the number six leading cause of death, with 73 Filipinos dying every day of TB An estimated 200,000 to 600,000 Filipinos have active TB. Out of 196 countries, the Philippines ranks as high-burden TB at number nine worldwide .
  3. 3. FACTS ABOUT TB IN THE PHILIPPINES Each person with active TB can spread the disease to 10 other Filipinos each year! This is alarming since there are between 200,000 and 600,000 Filipinos with active TB. An estimated 80 percent of Filipinos have latent TB.
  4. 4. FACTS ABOUT TB IN THE PHILIPPINES Tuberculosis can affect other organs of the body, such as the kidneys, spine or brain. . Treatment of TB may not change your chest x-ray results back to normal. The BCG vaccine against TB is not 100-percent effective.
  5. 5. FACTS ABOUT TB IN THE PHILIPPINES Beware of multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Worldwide, in 2008, there were an estimated 440,000 new cases of MDR-TB and 150,000 deaths from MDR-TB. The WHO has reported that XDR-TB cases have been confirmed in 58 countries, including the Philippines.
  6. 6. FACTS ABOUT TB IN THE PHILIPPINES Finally, some good news. Despite the high TB incidence, significant developments have been made in increasing case detection and treatment in the country.
  7. 7. TB
  8. 8. UNSA NING SAKITA? Serious infection nga kasagaran mo-atake sa BAGA/LUNGS. Pangalan sa kagaw: mycobacterium tuberculosis Mapasa ang kagaw pinaage sa luwa, pag-ubo, pag-sikma, mokatawa, mokanta, o sa mga gamit sa pasyente
  9. 9. ASA JUD GIKAN NING SAKITA? The organism causing tuberculosis - Mycobacterium tuberculosis existed 15,000 to 20,000 years ago. It has been found in relics from ancient Egypt, India, and China. Among Egyptian mummies spinal tuberculosis, known as Pott’s disease has been detected by archaeologists.
  10. 10. ADUNAY KLASE SA TB… LATENT TB- naay TB infection, pero ang bacteria sa lawas nagpabiling inactive state ug walay simtomas nga bation. Dili makatakod. ACTIVE TB- adunay mga simtomas ug makatakod.
  11. 11. ANG TB DILI LANG MOATTAKE SA BAGA… ANAA PUD SA: HEART SPINAL CORD DIGESTIVE TRACT KIDNEYS BRAIN
  12. 12. UNSAY MGA COMMON NGA BATION? UBO MANIWANG MALUYA ANG LAWAS HILANAT UG PANUGNAWON PANINGTON OG TAMAN SA GABII WALAY GANA MOKAON ADUNAY DUGO INIG UBO MAGLISOD OG GINHAWA MAGSAKIT ANG DUGHAN
  13. 13. KINSAY RISGO SA SAKIT: Luya ang immune system Poverty and substance abuse Klase sa trabaho
  14. 14. TESTS AND DIAGNOSIS Physical exam PPD skin test Blood tests Chest X-ray Sputum tests
  15. 15. MGA TAMBAL NGA IMNON: Rifampin Isoniazid Pyrazinamide Ethambutol Streptomycin
  16. 16. SIDE EFFECTS SA PAG-TUMAR SA TAMBAL: • murag kasukaon/mosuka • walay gana mokaon • jaundice/yellow ang panit • malahi ang color sa ihi
  17. 17. UNSAY KINAHANGLAN BUHATON SA PASYENTE? Motumar sa tambal ug humanon kini sud sa pila ka buwan o tuig Pabilin sa balay Ventilate the room Tabunan ang baba kon mo-ubo, mokatawa, mo-”achooo” Mag-suot og mask
  18. 18. UNSAY KINAHANGLAN BUHATON SA PASYENTE? LABAW SA TANAN… SA MGA MAGTOTOO, ITUGYAN ANG ATONG KINABUHI NGADTO SA GINOO…KANUNAY, IBUTANG SA ATONG HUNAHUNA UG KASINGKASING ANG IYANG MGA SAAD NATO… PABILIN DIHA SA PAGTUO!
  19. 19. Mildred Fernando
  20. 20. Mildred Fernando
  21. 21. 2 CORINTO 4:7-12

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