Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
+
Society‟s Abuse of
Pharmaceutical Drugs
Kelsey Pilson 200168114, Kelsey Nairn 200191402, Tanner Dockerty
200211935
April...
+
What Is Prescription Drug Abuse?
 As defined by the National Institute of drug abuse,
“Prescription drug abuse is when ...
+
Why is Society More Dependant
Today?
 Fast pace society - putting off pain until they “NEED” a
quick fix, thus turning ...
+
Drug Abuse Relating to the
Structural-Functionalist Perspective
 „Functionalists argue that drug abuse is a response to...
+ What Prescription Drugs Are
being Abused?
Opioids- Pain killer Include: Fentanyl (Duragesic®)
Hydrocodone (Vicodin®)
Oxy...
+
Opioids
Manage pain
Abusers of the drug often have
prescriptions from more than one doctor
How to tell:
Can cause los...
+
Depressants
Slow down body functions
Relieve anxiety and assist with sleep
problems
How to tell:
Decreased brain acti...
+
Stimulants
Same class of drugs as cocaine and
meth
Increase alertness & energy at low doses
How to tell:
Person seems...
+
What are Common Street
Names for Pharmaceutical
Drugs?
Opioids- Hillbilly heroin, OXY, OC,
oxycotton, percs, Happy pill...
+
Who is Abusing Prescription
Drugs?
In 2005 4.4 million teenagers ages 12 -17
in the united states admitted to taking
pr...
+
What Happens when you Abuse
Prescription Drugs?
 There are negative effects for both short
and long term use of prescri...
+
What can we do as a society for
People Dealing with Drug abuse?
 Prescription drug abuse is a shared responsibility, Bo...
+
Cont..
 PhRMA is a partner of DRUGFREE.ORG which helps
parents prevent and find treatment for drug and alcohol
use of t...
+
What to do if you personally know
someone who is dealing with drug
abuse
 If you are personally involved with someone w...
+
Personal Story involving
Prescription drug use
 We invite you to take a look at a mothers battle against
prescription d...
+
Facts about Drug Abuse In
Canada
 The International Narcotics Control Board reports that Canadians‟
use of prescription...
+
Conclusion
 Certain prescription drugs such as the three talked about
in this presentation; Opioids, depressants, and s...
+
Bibliography
 Canadian Drug Summary: Prescription Stimulants. (n.d.). Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse .
Retrieved Ap...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

prescription drug abuse

1,195 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

prescription drug abuse

  1. 1. + Society‟s Abuse of Pharmaceutical Drugs Kelsey Pilson 200168114, Kelsey Nairn 200191402, Tanner Dockerty 200211935 April 3rd 2013 Contemporary Social Issues Prof: Emily Brett
  2. 2. + What Is Prescription Drug Abuse?  As defined by the National Institute of drug abuse, “Prescription drug abuse is when someone takes medication in an inappropriate way.” (NIDA,N.D)  Use of someone else‟s medication privilege  Exceeded dosage  With alcohol  Use of dugs without symptoms (Nyquil/Adderall)
  3. 3. + Why is Society More Dependant Today?  Fast pace society - putting off pain until they “NEED” a quick fix, thus turning to a doctor for a prescription.  Easier to obtain – People are able to “google” & fake symptoms to receive a desired prescription  Can be found on the street  Believed to be a “safer” high since they are a government regulated medication/drug  Doctors turn over rate with patients in 2013 was 26% higher than in 2001 – are they asking the right questions or just handing out a script.
  4. 4. + Drug Abuse Relating to the Structural-Functionalist Perspective  „Functionalists argue that drug abuse is a response to the weakening norms set by our society” (Mooney, pg72)  Social norms used to say that if you were medicated, something was wrong with you. It was often hidden. These days so many people are medicated that these norms have blurred causing people to over medicate and abuse prescription drugs.  Drug use is not simply just the individual choice, there are a lot of factors that influence the decision such as the glamorization of drug use by society and pop culture. In order to fit in todays society we tend to follow or mimic what we see around us.
  5. 5. + What Prescription Drugs Are being Abused? Opioids- Pain killer Include: Fentanyl (Duragesic®) Hydrocodone (Vicodin®) Oxycodone (OxyContin®) Oxymorphone (Opana®) Propoxyphene (Darvon®) Hydromorphone (Dilaudid®) Meperidine (Demerol®) Diphenoxylate (Lomotil®) Depressant- Central Nerve System Include: Pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal®) Diazepam (Valium®) Alprazolam (Xanax®) Stimulants- Often used as study drugs Include: Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®) Methylphenidate (Ritalin® and Concerta®) Amphetamines (Adderall®)
  6. 6. + Opioids Manage pain Abusers of the drug often have prescriptions from more than one doctor How to tell: Can cause loss of appetite, profuse sweating, euphoria and seemingly less emotion
  7. 7. + Depressants Slow down body functions Relieve anxiety and assist with sleep problems How to tell: Decreased brain activity, relieve emotional stress, impaired coordination & increased drowsiness
  8. 8. + Stimulants Same class of drugs as cocaine and meth Increase alertness & energy at low doses How to tell: Person seems eager, decreased desire to sleep, pupils are dilated, a feeling of unstoppable-ness
  9. 9. + What are Common Street Names for Pharmaceutical Drugs? Opioids- Hillbilly heroin, OXY, OC, oxycotton, percs, Happy pills Depressants- Bards, reds, red birds, yellows, downers, candy, sleeping pills, tranks. Stimulants- Skippy, smart drug, vitamin R, Black beauty's, hearts, speed, uppers.
  10. 10. + Who is Abusing Prescription Drugs? In 2005 4.4 million teenagers ages 12 -17 in the united states admitted to taking prescription pain killers and 2.3 million admitted to taking Adderall 2 million admitted to using over-the- counter drugs such as cough syrup Average first time user is aged between 13 and15! Prescription drug use knows NO age!
  11. 11. + What Happens when you Abuse Prescription Drugs?  There are negative effects for both short and long term use of prescription drugs.  Stimulants can cause– Paranoia, high body temperatures and shallow heartbeats  Short term use of Opioids- drowsiness, nausea, constipation, and slowed breathing  Depressants- slurred speech, shallow breathing, fatigue, disorientation and in serious cases Seizures. Also occurring during withdrawal periods.
  12. 12. + What can we do as a society for People Dealing with Drug abuse?  Prescription drug abuse is a shared responsibility, Both government agencies like the medical Associations, law enforcement as well as community organizations such as pharmacists, teachers and parents must educate to prevent misuse  PhRMA‟s initiative is to promote secure storage of prescriptions within drug stores  Educate about safe disposal & expired prescription. Scratch out name and RX number to prevent other using it falsely.  Strengthen law enforcement for soliciting prescriptions
  13. 13. + Cont..  PhRMA is a partner of DRUGFREE.ORG which helps parents prevent and find treatment for drug and alcohol use of their children.  They have also worked collaboratively with D.A.R.E to develop school curriculum preventing abuse of prescriptions and other drugs.  Ensure policies to prevent prescription drug abuse also protects patients with a legitimate need for the prescribed medication
  14. 14. + What to do if you personally know someone who is dealing with drug abuse  If you are personally involved with someone who is dealing with drug abuse you biggest concern is not offending the individual.  Encourage them to talk to someone; such as a parent, trusting friend, guidance counselor or another trusting adult. Talking about it is the first step in reducing the addiction  There is also anonymous hotlines available such as: 1-800-273-TALK and 1-800-273-HELP  It is extremely important to let them know you are only here to support them in any way possible.
  15. 15. + Personal Story involving Prescription drug use  We invite you to take a look at a mothers battle against prescription drug use, and the reasons behind the drug abuse  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=42NiN8um5q4
  16. 16. + Facts about Drug Abuse In Canada  The International Narcotics Control Board reports that Canadians‟ use of prescription opioids increased by 203% between 2000 and 2010, an increase steeper than in the U.S.  Deaths related to prescription opioids doubled in Ontario, from 13.7 deaths per million in 1991 to 27.2 per million in 2004, more than twice the mortality rate from HIV (12 per million).  According to the 2011 Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use Monitoring Survey, 23% of Canadians aged 15 and older reported using a prescription drug at least once during the past 12 months.  Youth (age 15-24): Youth have the highest rate of prescription stimulant use among all Canadians (2.4% for 2011).  In 2010-11, 2.2% of Canadian students in Grades 6-12 reported the past-year use of prescription stimulants to get high and not for medical use.
  17. 17. + Conclusion  Certain prescription drugs such as the three talked about in this presentation; Opioids, depressants, and stimulants can cause serious harm and even death in some cases. It is extremely important that as a society we keep the norm around prescription drugs strong! As mentioned before theorists believe that the increase in drug abuse may/can caused by a weaken norm. Being educated on who, what, and how prescription drugs can effect the human body can contribute to keeping the social norm around prescription drug use strong.
  18. 18. + Bibliography  Canadian Drug Summary: Prescription Stimulants. (n.d.). Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse . Retrieved April 3, 2014, from https://ers.snapuptickets.com/ers/event- files/587/StimulantsSummary-en-print.pdf  Misuse of Prescription drugs and OTC medicine to get high has become a major source of concern both with Teens and Adults. (n.d.). Partnership for a Drug Free Canada. Retrieved April 3, 2014, from http://www.canadadrugfree.org/drug-info/prescription-drugs/  Mooney, L. A., Knox, D., Schacht, C., & Holmes, M. (2008). Conflict Perspective . Understanding social problems (Third Canadian Edition ed., p. Page 11 ). Toronto Canada : Nelson .  NIDA for Teens. (n.d.). NIDA for Teens. Retrieved April 3, 2014, from http://teens.drugabuse.gov  Partnership for a Drug Free Canada. (n.d.). Partnership for a Drug Free Canada First Do No Harm Responding to Canadas Prescription Drug Crisis Comments. Retrieved April 3, 2014, from http://www.canadadrugfree.org/first-do-no-harm-responding-to-canadas-prescription-drug- crisis/  PhRMA | Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America. (n.d.). PhRMA | Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America. Retrieved April 3, 2014, from http://www.phrma.org  Prescription Drugs. (n.d.). National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Retrieved April 2, 2014, from http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/prescription-drugs  The Silent Epidemic -- Legal Prescription Drug Abuse. (n.d.). Mercola.com. Retrieved April 3, 2014, from http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2010/05/25/the-silent-epidemic--legal- prescription-drug-abuse.aspx

×