SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 42
Download to read offline
Assessing the Benefits of Open GovernmentAssessing the Benefits of Open Government
Data: The Case ofData: The Case of MeuMeu CongressoCongresso NacionalNacional
in Brazilian Elections 2014in Brazilian Elections 2014
16th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research
Kellyton Brito
Ph.D. Candidate - Pernambuco Federal University (UFPE), Brazil
Assistant Professor - Pernambuco Rural Federal University (UFRPE), Brazil
Leader - Open Data Lab Brazil - opendatabrazil.com
kellyton@kellyton.com.br
May/ 2015
• Introduction
• Research Approach
AgendaAgenda
• Results and Discussion
• Conclusions
2
IntroductionIntroduction
• OGD well known benefits:
–To increase accountability, publicaccountability, public
participation and collaborationparticipation and collaboration;;
–To offer better public services;
–To increase efficiency and effectiveness in–To increase efficiency and effectiveness in
Government;
–To support scientific researchscientific research
–To generate of commercial valuecommercial value
–To decrease corruptioncorruption;
3
• Big Investments
– By governments
– By wider society
IntroductionIntroduction
• Big Expectations
Little has been doneLittle has been done to analyze and prove theto analyze and prove the
impact and accrued valueimpact and accrued value of these initiativesof these initiatives
4
An unrealistic picture may be paintedAn unrealistic picture may be painted of the
potential of open data, which could result incould result in
unrealistic expectationsunrealistic expectations by citizens, civil
servants and other stakeholders
IntroductionIntroduction
servants and other stakeholders
How to Assess the Benefits of OpenHow to Assess the Benefits of Open
Government Data?Government Data?
5
TheThe StudyStudyTheThe StudyStudy
6
To analyze the benefitsTo analyze the benefits perceived by the general
population by the use of applications based
on OGD
in the context of federal elections,in the context of federal elections,
MainMain ObjectiveObjective
in the context of federal elections,in the context of federal elections,
especially the case of Meu Congresso Nacional
(MCN – My National Congress) application
and the Brazilian elections of 2014.Brazilian elections of 2014.
7
• Web (mobile friendly) application focused on
showing parliamentarian data
• First version: Winner of I Brazilian Parliament
Meu Congresso Nacional.comMeu Congresso Nacional.com
• First version: Winner of I Brazilian Parliament
Hackathon - 2013
• The winner of II Brazilian Parliament
Hackathon (2014) used our (experimental) API
rather than official OGD
8
• Main Requirements: Federal Parliamentarians
– 513 Federal Deputies and 81 Senators
– Parliamentarian identification data
– Frequency
– Proposed laws
Meu Congresso Nacional.comMeu Congresso Nacional.com
– Proposed laws
– Commissions in which they participate
– “Cota parlamentar” analysis
• On average US$ 15,000 monthly they can spend
working
• Constantly suspected of embezzlement
• Link with…
9
• Main Requirements: 2014 Elections Candidates
– 27 thousand candidates
• President, State Governors, Senators of the Republic, Federal
Deputies and State Deputies
– Candidates identificationidentification datadata
– All cadidates propertiesproperties
Meu Congresso Nacional.comMeu Congresso Nacional.com
– All cadidates propertiesproperties
–– AllAll campaigncampaign donationsdonations
• To the candidate and to his/her party
• Scandal: companies donations // corruption payment
– Received votes
– Link with parliamentarians session
10
• Succeful Application
– More than 130k accesses in the elections week
– More than 50k montly accesses Jan-April 2015
• Last update february/2015
– Accesses spread from all Brazilian states
Meu Congresso Nacional.comMeu Congresso Nacional.com
– Accesses spread from all Brazilian states
• Distribution close to country population distribution
– Articles on mass media, like BBC Brazil, UOL
Eleições, and Exame
11
Research ApproachResearch ApproachResearch ApproachResearch Approach
12
To analyze the benefitsTo analyze the benefits perceived by the general
population by the use of applications based
on OGD
in the context of federal elections,in the context of federal elections,
MainMain ObjectiveObjective
in the context of federal elections,in the context of federal elections,
especially the case of Meu Congresso Nacional
(MCN – My National Congress) application
and the Brazilian elections of 2014.Brazilian elections of 2014.
13
• Research Questions:
RQ1: Where do people usually search for
information about politicians and
ObjectiveObjective
information about politicians and
election candidates?
14
• Research Questions:
RQ2: How do people compare
independent websites based on OGD
ObjectiveObjective
independent websites based on OGD
and the official government
transparency portals?
15
• Research Questions:
RQ3: Are independent websites based
on OGD capable of influencing citizens’
ObjectiveObjective
on OGD capable of influencing citizens’
decisions?
16
• Research Questions:
RQ4: Do people consider that websites
based on OGD in the domain of politics
ObjectiveObjective
based on OGD in the domain of politics
are capable of helping to reduce
corruption?
17
• Survey deployed on the website during 2014
Elections period
• Developed by:
– Ph.D and M.Sc researchers on Computer Science and
OGD
Research ApproachResearch Approach
OGD
– Market specialist
– Brazilian Federal Service of Prosecution member
• Pilot survey with 7 respondents
– Minor adjustments
18
• The Survey
– Four questions groups
• Demographic data (age, gender and home state)
• Wether and how the respondent searches for politicians
information
Research ApproachResearch Approach
• Comparisons between the website and government portals
• Impressions about vote influence and corruption reduction
– Not included in this analysis
• Usability analysis
• Comparisons with similar non-government portals
19
• Question types:
– Multiple choices, checkboxes, scale options (from
1 to 5).
• Conditional paths
Research ApproachResearch Approach
Where do you...yes
• Some subjective analysis is needed
– Optional open text fields encourages the
respondent to explain some responses
Do you search
for information about previous
parliamentarian activities…
Where do you...
no
20
• Online questionnaire
– Google forms
• Publicized by:
– Facebook page (~2000 followers)
DataData CollectionCollection
Facebook page (~2000 followers)
– Horizontal bar on the top of all MCN pages
• September 17 until October 26 – elections
period
• 897 clicks and 280 full responses
21
SurveySurvey ResultsResultsSurveySurvey ResultsResults
22
• Respondents age distribution very close to
brazilian distribution
OverallOverall ResultsResults
23
• Respondents regional distribution according
to brazilian distribution
OverallOverall ResultsResults
24
RQ1: Where do people usually searchRQ1: Where do people usually search
for information about politicians andfor information about politicians and
ResultsResults: RQ1: RQ1
for information about politicians andfor information about politicians and
election candidates?election candidates?
25
• Usually only on the elections period
• 47% rarely or never search for politicians information outside
elections
ResultsResults: RQ1: RQ1
Elections Period No Elections Period
Search Engines – 60% Indepentent Blogs and General
Websites – 57%
– Specific websites like MCN are not popular:
Elections Period: 45%, No Elections 26%
Government Websites – 57% Search Engines – 50%
Traditional news channels – 55% Government Websites – 46%
Social Networks – 52% Internet portals of traditional news
channels – 48%
26
RQ2: How do people compareRQ2: How do people compare
independent websites based on OGDindependent websites based on OGD
andand
ResultsResults RQ2RQ2
andand
the official government transparencythe official government transparency
portals?portals?
27
• 65% already used official government websites
• Strength Question:
– According to following criteria, comparing MCN with
ResultsResults: RQ2: RQ2
– According to following criteria, comparing MCN with
government websites containing politicians
information, MCN is...
Much worse – Worse – Similar – Better – Much Better
28
• MCN is Better or Much Better than GOV
Websites
– Easy of Use: 70%
– Quantity of Information: 68%
Perceived Usefulness: 70%
ResultsResults: RQ2: RQ2
– Perceived Usefulness: 70%
– General Experience: 75%
29
• MCN is Better or Much Better than GOV
Websites
– Easy of Use: 70%
–– QuantityQuantity ofof InformationInformation: 68%: 68%
Perceived Usefulness: 70%
ResultsResults: RQ2: RQ2
– Perceived Usefulness: 70%
– General Experience: 75%
*It is*It is difficultdifficult toto findfind informationinformation onon thethe
governmentgovernment websiteswebsites
30
RQ3:RQ3: Are independent websites basedAre independent websites based
on OGD capable ofon OGD capable of
ResultsResults: RQ3: RQ3
influencing citizens’ decisions?influencing citizens’ decisions?
31
Did your visit to MCN have or will it have any
influence on your voting decision in this
election?
ResultsResults: RQ3: RQ3
Strength question:
Strongly Disagree (1) – … – Strongly Agree (5)
32
58%58% agree (or strongly agree) thatagree (or strongly agree) that
ResultsResults: RQ3: RQ3
58%58% agree (or strongly agree) thatagree (or strongly agree) that
their vote decision wastheir vote decision was
influencedinfluenced..
33
ResultsResults: RQ3: RQ3
58% agree (or strongly agree) that their vote
decision was influenced. 34
• Qualitative analyses
• Four main groups:
– Who completely changed their voting decision after
knowing a bit more about their candidates;
– Who were in doubt between two candidates and
whose visit to MCN helped them to choose their
ResultsResults: RQ3: RQ3
whose visit to MCN helped them to choose their
candidates;
– Who reinforced their previous voting decisions after
visiting MCN
– Who argued that their candidate selection was based
on other factors, mainly ideology, and that MCN data
are not sufficient to influence their voting decisions.
35
RQ4: Do people consider websitesRQ4: Do people consider websites
based on OGD in the domain ofbased on OGD in the domain of
politicspolitics
ResultsResults: RQ4: RQ4
capable of helping to reducecapable of helping to reduce
corruptioncorruption??
36
75%75% AgreeAgree oror StronglyStrongly AgreeAgree
ResultsResults: RQ4: RQ4
37
• Qualitative Analysis
• Four groups, who believes that:
– To know their activities are public can make
politicians change their attitudes
– To know politicians attitudes will make people change
ResultsResults: RQ4: RQ4
– To know politicians attitudes will make people change
their vote decisions
– It will be no influence, due to they think that Brazilian
justice is inefficient and also corrupt
– It will have no influence, due to the fact that the
population does not look for information about
politicians before deciding their votes.
38
SummarySummary ofof ResultsResultsSummarySummary ofof ResultsResults
39
1. People do not use to gather politicians' information
on websites based on OGD
2. The perceived ease of use, quantity of information,
utility and general experience using MCN were much
higher than those of official websites
3. This kind of initiative is capable of influencing
citizens’ voting decisions, acting directly on citizen
SummarySummary
3. This kind of initiative is capable of influencing
citizens’ voting decisions, acting directly on citizen
participation and engagement.
4. Despite people not considering that transparency can
reduce corruption by legal means, they consider that
it will occur by the change of behavior both by the
observer, the citizens, as well as by the observed, the
politician.
40
• Broader study:
– More respondents
– Including similar websites
– More data crossing and statistical analysis
Future WorksFuture Works
• The application
– Automatic daily updating and tracking
• User notifications by E-mail, facebook and mobile app
41
Assessing the Benefits of Open GovernmentAssessing the Benefits of Open Government
Data: The Case ofData: The Case of MeuMeu CongressoCongresso NacionalNacional
in Brazilian Elections 2014in Brazilian Elections 2014
16th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research
Kellyton Brito
Ph.D. Candidate - Pernambuco Federal University (UFPE), Brazil
Assistant Professor - Pernambuco Rural Federal Universit (UFRPE), Brazil
Leader - Open Data Lab Brazil - opendatabrazil.com
kellyton@kellyton.com.br
May/ 2015

More Related Content

Viewers also liked

Dados abertos no brasil
Dados abertos no brasilDados abertos no brasil
Dados abertos no brasilKellyton Brito
 
Easy Green Mobility - Open Data Hackathon
Easy Green Mobility - Open Data Hackathon Easy Green Mobility - Open Data Hackathon
Easy Green Mobility - Open Data Hackathon OpenGISData
 
Poder e Contra Poder na Era Digital: Dados abertos governamentais
Poder e Contra Poder na Era Digital: Dados abertos governamentaisPoder e Contra Poder na Era Digital: Dados abertos governamentais
Poder e Contra Poder na Era Digital: Dados abertos governamentaisKellyton Brito
 
Hackathon Natura Campus Media Lab - Veja como funciona e participe!
Hackathon Natura Campus Media Lab - Veja como funciona e participe!Hackathon Natura Campus Media Lab - Veja como funciona e participe!
Hackathon Natura Campus Media Lab - Veja como funciona e participe!naturacampus
 
Hackathon Inmetrics e Fiap: Desafios do Big Data
Hackathon Inmetrics e Fiap: Desafios do Big DataHackathon Inmetrics e Fiap: Desafios do Big Data
Hackathon Inmetrics e Fiap: Desafios do Big Datainmetrics
 
Hacker cidadão - divulgação
Hacker cidadão - divulgaçãoHacker cidadão - divulgação
Hacker cidadão - divulgaçãoKiev Gama
 
Tem uma idéia de um projeto? Desenvolva em 1 final de semana num hackathon!
Tem uma idéia de um projeto? Desenvolva em 1 final de semana num hackathon!Tem uma idéia de um projeto? Desenvolva em 1 final de semana num hackathon!
Tem uma idéia de um projeto? Desenvolva em 1 final de semana num hackathon!Cayo Medeiros
 
Open Data Hackathon in Bolzano, Italy - October 15-16, 2016
Open Data Hackathon in Bolzano, Italy - October 15-16, 2016Open Data Hackathon in Bolzano, Italy - October 15-16, 2016
Open Data Hackathon in Bolzano, Italy - October 15-16, 2016Anna Fensel
 
Hackathons & Innovation: como engajar desenvolvedores em torno da sua empresa...
Hackathons & Innovation: como engajar desenvolvedores em torno da sua empresa...Hackathons & Innovation: como engajar desenvolvedores em torno da sua empresa...
Hackathons & Innovation: como engajar desenvolvedores em torno da sua empresa...Sensedia
 
The Rise of the Health Hackathon: 6 Insights from Hackathons Around the World
The Rise of the Health Hackathon: 6 Insights from Hackathons Around the WorldThe Rise of the Health Hackathon: 6 Insights from Hackathons Around the World
The Rise of the Health Hackathon: 6 Insights from Hackathons Around the WorldAman Bhandari
 

Viewers also liked (12)

Dados abertos no brasil
Dados abertos no brasilDados abertos no brasil
Dados abertos no brasil
 
Easy Green Mobility - Open Data Hackathon
Easy Green Mobility - Open Data Hackathon Easy Green Mobility - Open Data Hackathon
Easy Green Mobility - Open Data Hackathon
 
Open Data Hackathon - A How to Guide
Open Data Hackathon - A How to GuideOpen Data Hackathon - A How to Guide
Open Data Hackathon - A How to Guide
 
Poder e Contra Poder na Era Digital: Dados abertos governamentais
Poder e Contra Poder na Era Digital: Dados abertos governamentaisPoder e Contra Poder na Era Digital: Dados abertos governamentais
Poder e Contra Poder na Era Digital: Dados abertos governamentais
 
Hackathon Natura Campus Media Lab - Veja como funciona e participe!
Hackathon Natura Campus Media Lab - Veja como funciona e participe!Hackathon Natura Campus Media Lab - Veja como funciona e participe!
Hackathon Natura Campus Media Lab - Veja como funciona e participe!
 
Hackathon Inmetrics e Fiap: Desafios do Big Data
Hackathon Inmetrics e Fiap: Desafios do Big DataHackathon Inmetrics e Fiap: Desafios do Big Data
Hackathon Inmetrics e Fiap: Desafios do Big Data
 
Hacker cidadão - divulgação
Hacker cidadão - divulgaçãoHacker cidadão - divulgação
Hacker cidadão - divulgação
 
Tem uma idéia de um projeto? Desenvolva em 1 final de semana num hackathon!
Tem uma idéia de um projeto? Desenvolva em 1 final de semana num hackathon!Tem uma idéia de um projeto? Desenvolva em 1 final de semana num hackathon!
Tem uma idéia de um projeto? Desenvolva em 1 final de semana num hackathon!
 
Open Data Hackathon in Bolzano, Italy - October 15-16, 2016
Open Data Hackathon in Bolzano, Italy - October 15-16, 2016Open Data Hackathon in Bolzano, Italy - October 15-16, 2016
Open Data Hackathon in Bolzano, Italy - October 15-16, 2016
 
MIT HackingMedicine Healthcare ReDesign Toolset and Worksheets 2014
MIT HackingMedicine Healthcare ReDesign Toolset and Worksheets 2014MIT HackingMedicine Healthcare ReDesign Toolset and Worksheets 2014
MIT HackingMedicine Healthcare ReDesign Toolset and Worksheets 2014
 
Hackathons & Innovation: como engajar desenvolvedores em torno da sua empresa...
Hackathons & Innovation: como engajar desenvolvedores em torno da sua empresa...Hackathons & Innovation: como engajar desenvolvedores em torno da sua empresa...
Hackathons & Innovation: como engajar desenvolvedores em torno da sua empresa...
 
The Rise of the Health Hackathon: 6 Insights from Hackathons Around the World
The Rise of the Health Hackathon: 6 Insights from Hackathons Around the WorldThe Rise of the Health Hackathon: 6 Insights from Hackathons Around the World
The Rise of the Health Hackathon: 6 Insights from Hackathons Around the World
 

Similar to Assessing the Benefits of Open Government Data: The Case of Meu Congresso Nacional in Brazilian Elections 2014

Data, Digital, & Social: Trends in 2016 U.S. Elections, Cloudburst Media
Data, Digital, & Social: Trends in 2016 U.S. Elections, Cloudburst MediaData, Digital, & Social: Trends in 2016 U.S. Elections, Cloudburst Media
Data, Digital, & Social: Trends in 2016 U.S. Elections, Cloudburst Mediacloudburstmedia
 
OurSociety 2018 Annual Report
OurSociety 2018 Annual ReportOurSociety 2018 Annual Report
OurSociety 2018 Annual ReportRon Rivers
 
Business Opportunities in Online Political Campaigning (Product Development R...
Business Opportunities in Online Political Campaigning (Product Development R...Business Opportunities in Online Political Campaigning (Product Development R...
Business Opportunities in Online Political Campaigning (Product Development R...Kondiment Group
 
Open Data in Brazil: Budget Transparency and People’s Rights in Brazil
Open Data in Brazil: Budget  Transparency and People’s Rights in Brazil Open Data in Brazil: Budget  Transparency and People’s Rights in Brazil
Open Data in Brazil: Budget Transparency and People’s Rights in Brazil Open Data Research Network
 
Voter id targeting and election integrity
Voter id targeting and election integrityVoter id targeting and election integrity
Voter id targeting and election integrityJennifer Raiffie
 
Five years of Citizen Budget: an impact assessment (Christian Medina-Ramirez ...
Five years of Citizen Budget: an impact assessment (Christian Medina-Ramirez ...Five years of Citizen Budget: an impact assessment (Christian Medina-Ramirez ...
Five years of Citizen Budget: an impact assessment (Christian Medina-Ramirez ...mysociety
 
New Media Kit - May 2015
New Media Kit - May 2015New Media Kit - May 2015
New Media Kit - May 2015Joe Siano
 
We The People Political Survey Platform
We The People Political Survey PlatformWe The People Political Survey Platform
We The People Political Survey PlatformIshan Sengupta
 
Engaging citizens
Engaging citizensEngaging citizens
Engaging citizensJanix Joy
 
Social Media Analytics in Multicultural Environments
Social Media Analytics in Multicultural EnvironmentsSocial Media Analytics in Multicultural Environments
Social Media Analytics in Multicultural EnvironmentsTomas Sawada
 
Making data actionable: A look at the power of people-driven data in activati...
Making data actionable: A look at the power of people-driven data in activati...Making data actionable: A look at the power of people-driven data in activati...
Making data actionable: A look at the power of people-driven data in activati...Ray Poynter
 
White space presentation
White space presentationWhite space presentation
White space presentationMilesEMacklin
 
Electable pitch deck
Electable pitch deckElectable pitch deck
Electable pitch deckAdam Nekola
 
Analytics Academy 2015 Presentation Slides
Analytics Academy 2015 Presentation SlidesAnalytics Academy 2015 Presentation Slides
Analytics Academy 2015 Presentation SlidesHarvardComms
 
Liberopinion: a Web Platform for enhancing e-Democracy. eChallenges varsovia ...
Liberopinion: a Web Platform for enhancing e-Democracy. eChallenges varsovia ...Liberopinion: a Web Platform for enhancing e-Democracy. eChallenges varsovia ...
Liberopinion: a Web Platform for enhancing e-Democracy. eChallenges varsovia ...Artur de Sousa
 
MumbaiVotes Evolution
MumbaiVotes EvolutionMumbaiVotes Evolution
MumbaiVotes Evolutionmumbaivotes
 
Increasing Voter Knowledge with Pre-Election Interventions on Facebook
Increasing Voter Knowledge with Pre-Election Interventions on FacebookIncreasing Voter Knowledge with Pre-Election Interventions on Facebook
Increasing Voter Knowledge with Pre-Election Interventions on FacebookMIT GOV/LAB
 
WEPOLITICS. the political social network
WEPOLITICS. the political social networkWEPOLITICS. the political social network
WEPOLITICS. the political social networkYannis Evmolpidis
 

Similar to Assessing the Benefits of Open Government Data: The Case of Meu Congresso Nacional in Brazilian Elections 2014 (20)

Data, Digital, & Social: Trends in 2016 U.S. Elections, Cloudburst Media
Data, Digital, & Social: Trends in 2016 U.S. Elections, Cloudburst MediaData, Digital, & Social: Trends in 2016 U.S. Elections, Cloudburst Media
Data, Digital, & Social: Trends in 2016 U.S. Elections, Cloudburst Media
 
OurSociety 2018 Annual Report
OurSociety 2018 Annual ReportOurSociety 2018 Annual Report
OurSociety 2018 Annual Report
 
Business Opportunities in Online Political Campaigning (Product Development R...
Business Opportunities in Online Political Campaigning (Product Development R...Business Opportunities in Online Political Campaigning (Product Development R...
Business Opportunities in Online Political Campaigning (Product Development R...
 
Open Data in Brazil: Budget Transparency and People’s Rights in Brazil
Open Data in Brazil: Budget  Transparency and People’s Rights in Brazil Open Data in Brazil: Budget  Transparency and People’s Rights in Brazil
Open Data in Brazil: Budget Transparency and People’s Rights in Brazil
 
Voter id targeting and election integrity
Voter id targeting and election integrityVoter id targeting and election integrity
Voter id targeting and election integrity
 
Five years of Citizen Budget: an impact assessment (Christian Medina-Ramirez ...
Five years of Citizen Budget: an impact assessment (Christian Medina-Ramirez ...Five years of Citizen Budget: an impact assessment (Christian Medina-Ramirez ...
Five years of Citizen Budget: an impact assessment (Christian Medina-Ramirez ...
 
Open Data in Trinidad and Tobago : presentation to civil society
Open Data in Trinidad and Tobago : presentation to civil societyOpen Data in Trinidad and Tobago : presentation to civil society
Open Data in Trinidad and Tobago : presentation to civil society
 
New Media Kit - May 2015
New Media Kit - May 2015New Media Kit - May 2015
New Media Kit - May 2015
 
We The People Political Survey Platform
We The People Political Survey PlatformWe The People Political Survey Platform
We The People Political Survey Platform
 
Engaging citizens
Engaging citizensEngaging citizens
Engaging citizens
 
Social Media Analytics in Multicultural Environments
Social Media Analytics in Multicultural EnvironmentsSocial Media Analytics in Multicultural Environments
Social Media Analytics in Multicultural Environments
 
Making data actionable: A look at the power of people-driven data in activati...
Making data actionable: A look at the power of people-driven data in activati...Making data actionable: A look at the power of people-driven data in activati...
Making data actionable: A look at the power of people-driven data in activati...
 
White space presentation
White space presentationWhite space presentation
White space presentation
 
Electable pitch deck
Electable pitch deckElectable pitch deck
Electable pitch deck
 
Analytics Academy 2015 Presentation Slides
Analytics Academy 2015 Presentation SlidesAnalytics Academy 2015 Presentation Slides
Analytics Academy 2015 Presentation Slides
 
ONS Local presents: Explore Subnational Statistics
ONS Local presents: Explore Subnational StatisticsONS Local presents: Explore Subnational Statistics
ONS Local presents: Explore Subnational Statistics
 
Liberopinion: a Web Platform for enhancing e-Democracy. eChallenges varsovia ...
Liberopinion: a Web Platform for enhancing e-Democracy. eChallenges varsovia ...Liberopinion: a Web Platform for enhancing e-Democracy. eChallenges varsovia ...
Liberopinion: a Web Platform for enhancing e-Democracy. eChallenges varsovia ...
 
MumbaiVotes Evolution
MumbaiVotes EvolutionMumbaiVotes Evolution
MumbaiVotes Evolution
 
Increasing Voter Knowledge with Pre-Election Interventions on Facebook
Increasing Voter Knowledge with Pre-Election Interventions on FacebookIncreasing Voter Knowledge with Pre-Election Interventions on Facebook
Increasing Voter Knowledge with Pre-Election Interventions on Facebook
 
WEPOLITICS. the political social network
WEPOLITICS. the political social networkWEPOLITICS. the political social network
WEPOLITICS. the political social network
 

Recently uploaded

In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.
In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.
In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.Christina Parmionova
 
UN DESA: Finance for Development 2024 Report
UN DESA: Finance for Development 2024 ReportUN DESA: Finance for Development 2024 Report
UN DESA: Finance for Development 2024 ReportEnergy for One World
 
Focusing on the rights of women and girls
Focusing on the rights of women and girlsFocusing on the rights of women and girls
Focusing on the rights of women and girlsChristina Parmionova
 
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.Christina Parmionova
 
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024Christina Parmionova
 
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.Christina Parmionova
 
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1KelleyWasmund
 
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...Christina Parmionova
 
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure ProcessesItem # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processesahcitycouncil
 
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.Christina Parmionova
 
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.Christina Parmionova
 
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.Christina Parmionova
 
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.Christina Parmionova
 
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaTrinity Care Foundation
 
NL-FR Partnership - Water management roundtable 20240403.pdf
NL-FR Partnership - Water management roundtable 20240403.pdfNL-FR Partnership - Water management roundtable 20240403.pdf
NL-FR Partnership - Water management roundtable 20240403.pdfBertrand Coppin
 
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpoint
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements PowerpointPPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpoint
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpointahcitycouncil
 
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...Christina Parmionova
 
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdfCristal Montañéz
 
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design ServicesItem # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Servicesahcitycouncil
 
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptxMariaFionaDuranMerqu
 

Recently uploaded (20)

In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.
In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.
In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.
 
UN DESA: Finance for Development 2024 Report
UN DESA: Finance for Development 2024 ReportUN DESA: Finance for Development 2024 Report
UN DESA: Finance for Development 2024 Report
 
Focusing on the rights of women and girls
Focusing on the rights of women and girlsFocusing on the rights of women and girls
Focusing on the rights of women and girls
 
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.
 
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024
 
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
 
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
 
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...
 
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure ProcessesItem # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
 
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.
 
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.
 
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.
 
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
 
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
 
NL-FR Partnership - Water management roundtable 20240403.pdf
NL-FR Partnership - Water management roundtable 20240403.pdfNL-FR Partnership - Water management roundtable 20240403.pdf
NL-FR Partnership - Water management roundtable 20240403.pdf
 
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpoint
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements PowerpointPPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpoint
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpoint
 
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
 
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
 
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design ServicesItem # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
 
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
 

Assessing the Benefits of Open Government Data: The Case of Meu Congresso Nacional in Brazilian Elections 2014

  • 1. Assessing the Benefits of Open GovernmentAssessing the Benefits of Open Government Data: The Case ofData: The Case of MeuMeu CongressoCongresso NacionalNacional in Brazilian Elections 2014in Brazilian Elections 2014 16th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research Kellyton Brito Ph.D. Candidate - Pernambuco Federal University (UFPE), Brazil Assistant Professor - Pernambuco Rural Federal University (UFRPE), Brazil Leader - Open Data Lab Brazil - opendatabrazil.com kellyton@kellyton.com.br May/ 2015
  • 2. • Introduction • Research Approach AgendaAgenda • Results and Discussion • Conclusions 2
  • 3. IntroductionIntroduction • OGD well known benefits: –To increase accountability, publicaccountability, public participation and collaborationparticipation and collaboration;; –To offer better public services; –To increase efficiency and effectiveness in–To increase efficiency and effectiveness in Government; –To support scientific researchscientific research –To generate of commercial valuecommercial value –To decrease corruptioncorruption; 3
  • 4. • Big Investments – By governments – By wider society IntroductionIntroduction • Big Expectations Little has been doneLittle has been done to analyze and prove theto analyze and prove the impact and accrued valueimpact and accrued value of these initiativesof these initiatives 4
  • 5. An unrealistic picture may be paintedAn unrealistic picture may be painted of the potential of open data, which could result incould result in unrealistic expectationsunrealistic expectations by citizens, civil servants and other stakeholders IntroductionIntroduction servants and other stakeholders How to Assess the Benefits of OpenHow to Assess the Benefits of Open Government Data?Government Data? 5
  • 7. To analyze the benefitsTo analyze the benefits perceived by the general population by the use of applications based on OGD in the context of federal elections,in the context of federal elections, MainMain ObjectiveObjective in the context of federal elections,in the context of federal elections, especially the case of Meu Congresso Nacional (MCN – My National Congress) application and the Brazilian elections of 2014.Brazilian elections of 2014. 7
  • 8. • Web (mobile friendly) application focused on showing parliamentarian data • First version: Winner of I Brazilian Parliament Meu Congresso Nacional.comMeu Congresso Nacional.com • First version: Winner of I Brazilian Parliament Hackathon - 2013 • The winner of II Brazilian Parliament Hackathon (2014) used our (experimental) API rather than official OGD 8
  • 9. • Main Requirements: Federal Parliamentarians – 513 Federal Deputies and 81 Senators – Parliamentarian identification data – Frequency – Proposed laws Meu Congresso Nacional.comMeu Congresso Nacional.com – Proposed laws – Commissions in which they participate – “Cota parlamentar” analysis • On average US$ 15,000 monthly they can spend working • Constantly suspected of embezzlement • Link with… 9
  • 10. • Main Requirements: 2014 Elections Candidates – 27 thousand candidates • President, State Governors, Senators of the Republic, Federal Deputies and State Deputies – Candidates identificationidentification datadata – All cadidates propertiesproperties Meu Congresso Nacional.comMeu Congresso Nacional.com – All cadidates propertiesproperties –– AllAll campaigncampaign donationsdonations • To the candidate and to his/her party • Scandal: companies donations // corruption payment – Received votes – Link with parliamentarians session 10
  • 11. • Succeful Application – More than 130k accesses in the elections week – More than 50k montly accesses Jan-April 2015 • Last update february/2015 – Accesses spread from all Brazilian states Meu Congresso Nacional.comMeu Congresso Nacional.com – Accesses spread from all Brazilian states • Distribution close to country population distribution – Articles on mass media, like BBC Brazil, UOL Eleições, and Exame 11
  • 12. Research ApproachResearch ApproachResearch ApproachResearch Approach 12
  • 13. To analyze the benefitsTo analyze the benefits perceived by the general population by the use of applications based on OGD in the context of federal elections,in the context of federal elections, MainMain ObjectiveObjective in the context of federal elections,in the context of federal elections, especially the case of Meu Congresso Nacional (MCN – My National Congress) application and the Brazilian elections of 2014.Brazilian elections of 2014. 13
  • 14. • Research Questions: RQ1: Where do people usually search for information about politicians and ObjectiveObjective information about politicians and election candidates? 14
  • 15. • Research Questions: RQ2: How do people compare independent websites based on OGD ObjectiveObjective independent websites based on OGD and the official government transparency portals? 15
  • 16. • Research Questions: RQ3: Are independent websites based on OGD capable of influencing citizens’ ObjectiveObjective on OGD capable of influencing citizens’ decisions? 16
  • 17. • Research Questions: RQ4: Do people consider that websites based on OGD in the domain of politics ObjectiveObjective based on OGD in the domain of politics are capable of helping to reduce corruption? 17
  • 18. • Survey deployed on the website during 2014 Elections period • Developed by: – Ph.D and M.Sc researchers on Computer Science and OGD Research ApproachResearch Approach OGD – Market specialist – Brazilian Federal Service of Prosecution member • Pilot survey with 7 respondents – Minor adjustments 18
  • 19. • The Survey – Four questions groups • Demographic data (age, gender and home state) • Wether and how the respondent searches for politicians information Research ApproachResearch Approach • Comparisons between the website and government portals • Impressions about vote influence and corruption reduction – Not included in this analysis • Usability analysis • Comparisons with similar non-government portals 19
  • 20. • Question types: – Multiple choices, checkboxes, scale options (from 1 to 5). • Conditional paths Research ApproachResearch Approach Where do you...yes • Some subjective analysis is needed – Optional open text fields encourages the respondent to explain some responses Do you search for information about previous parliamentarian activities… Where do you... no 20
  • 21. • Online questionnaire – Google forms • Publicized by: – Facebook page (~2000 followers) DataData CollectionCollection Facebook page (~2000 followers) – Horizontal bar on the top of all MCN pages • September 17 until October 26 – elections period • 897 clicks and 280 full responses 21
  • 23. • Respondents age distribution very close to brazilian distribution OverallOverall ResultsResults 23
  • 24. • Respondents regional distribution according to brazilian distribution OverallOverall ResultsResults 24
  • 25. RQ1: Where do people usually searchRQ1: Where do people usually search for information about politicians andfor information about politicians and ResultsResults: RQ1: RQ1 for information about politicians andfor information about politicians and election candidates?election candidates? 25
  • 26. • Usually only on the elections period • 47% rarely or never search for politicians information outside elections ResultsResults: RQ1: RQ1 Elections Period No Elections Period Search Engines – 60% Indepentent Blogs and General Websites – 57% – Specific websites like MCN are not popular: Elections Period: 45%, No Elections 26% Government Websites – 57% Search Engines – 50% Traditional news channels – 55% Government Websites – 46% Social Networks – 52% Internet portals of traditional news channels – 48% 26
  • 27. RQ2: How do people compareRQ2: How do people compare independent websites based on OGDindependent websites based on OGD andand ResultsResults RQ2RQ2 andand the official government transparencythe official government transparency portals?portals? 27
  • 28. • 65% already used official government websites • Strength Question: – According to following criteria, comparing MCN with ResultsResults: RQ2: RQ2 – According to following criteria, comparing MCN with government websites containing politicians information, MCN is... Much worse – Worse – Similar – Better – Much Better 28
  • 29. • MCN is Better or Much Better than GOV Websites – Easy of Use: 70% – Quantity of Information: 68% Perceived Usefulness: 70% ResultsResults: RQ2: RQ2 – Perceived Usefulness: 70% – General Experience: 75% 29
  • 30. • MCN is Better or Much Better than GOV Websites – Easy of Use: 70% –– QuantityQuantity ofof InformationInformation: 68%: 68% Perceived Usefulness: 70% ResultsResults: RQ2: RQ2 – Perceived Usefulness: 70% – General Experience: 75% *It is*It is difficultdifficult toto findfind informationinformation onon thethe governmentgovernment websiteswebsites 30
  • 31. RQ3:RQ3: Are independent websites basedAre independent websites based on OGD capable ofon OGD capable of ResultsResults: RQ3: RQ3 influencing citizens’ decisions?influencing citizens’ decisions? 31
  • 32. Did your visit to MCN have or will it have any influence on your voting decision in this election? ResultsResults: RQ3: RQ3 Strength question: Strongly Disagree (1) – … – Strongly Agree (5) 32
  • 33. 58%58% agree (or strongly agree) thatagree (or strongly agree) that ResultsResults: RQ3: RQ3 58%58% agree (or strongly agree) thatagree (or strongly agree) that their vote decision wastheir vote decision was influencedinfluenced.. 33
  • 34. ResultsResults: RQ3: RQ3 58% agree (or strongly agree) that their vote decision was influenced. 34
  • 35. • Qualitative analyses • Four main groups: – Who completely changed their voting decision after knowing a bit more about their candidates; – Who were in doubt between two candidates and whose visit to MCN helped them to choose their ResultsResults: RQ3: RQ3 whose visit to MCN helped them to choose their candidates; – Who reinforced their previous voting decisions after visiting MCN – Who argued that their candidate selection was based on other factors, mainly ideology, and that MCN data are not sufficient to influence their voting decisions. 35
  • 36. RQ4: Do people consider websitesRQ4: Do people consider websites based on OGD in the domain ofbased on OGD in the domain of politicspolitics ResultsResults: RQ4: RQ4 capable of helping to reducecapable of helping to reduce corruptioncorruption?? 36
  • 37. 75%75% AgreeAgree oror StronglyStrongly AgreeAgree ResultsResults: RQ4: RQ4 37
  • 38. • Qualitative Analysis • Four groups, who believes that: – To know their activities are public can make politicians change their attitudes – To know politicians attitudes will make people change ResultsResults: RQ4: RQ4 – To know politicians attitudes will make people change their vote decisions – It will be no influence, due to they think that Brazilian justice is inefficient and also corrupt – It will have no influence, due to the fact that the population does not look for information about politicians before deciding their votes. 38
  • 40. 1. People do not use to gather politicians' information on websites based on OGD 2. The perceived ease of use, quantity of information, utility and general experience using MCN were much higher than those of official websites 3. This kind of initiative is capable of influencing citizens’ voting decisions, acting directly on citizen SummarySummary 3. This kind of initiative is capable of influencing citizens’ voting decisions, acting directly on citizen participation and engagement. 4. Despite people not considering that transparency can reduce corruption by legal means, they consider that it will occur by the change of behavior both by the observer, the citizens, as well as by the observed, the politician. 40
  • 41. • Broader study: – More respondents – Including similar websites – More data crossing and statistical analysis Future WorksFuture Works • The application – Automatic daily updating and tracking • User notifications by E-mail, facebook and mobile app 41
  • 42. Assessing the Benefits of Open GovernmentAssessing the Benefits of Open Government Data: The Case ofData: The Case of MeuMeu CongressoCongresso NacionalNacional in Brazilian Elections 2014in Brazilian Elections 2014 16th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research Kellyton Brito Ph.D. Candidate - Pernambuco Federal University (UFPE), Brazil Assistant Professor - Pernambuco Rural Federal Universit (UFRPE), Brazil Leader - Open Data Lab Brazil - opendatabrazil.com kellyton@kellyton.com.br May/ 2015