• Way to make sense of the world• Understand society’s beginnings• How people and the environment affect eachotherPhysical: Human:• Vegetation• Climate• Animals• Landforms• Water FeaturesWhat is Geography?Two Branches:P.R.A.I.S.E.• Political• Religion• Arts• Intellectual• Social• EconomyDemographics
• Ancient Greek Historian – Herodotus• Lived around 400 B.C.• Curious about the “known world”• Asked questions –• Created one of the first mapsof the world.Who Was the First Geographer?
What do Geographersdo?How do they studythe world?What tools dogeographers use?
What is it?Where is it?Why is it there?How did it get there?How does it affect people & the natural environment?What are the people like?What do they do?How do they live?How do they organize themselves?How do they interact with the world around them?Can you think of any others?Geographers Ask Questions
How Will We Study the World?• The World in Spatial Terms– Absolute and Relative• Places & Regions– How you describe a place– How you organize a place• Physical Systems– Physical Geography• Human Systems– Human Geography• Environment & Society– Human Interaction• Uses of GeographyHow do physical and humanfeatures influence historical,current or future events?
The World in Spatial TermsSpatial – what does this mean?Where things are located and why?Where might this place be located?Location: Geographers use two methods todescribe locationAbsolute RelativeExact Location•Street address•Latitude, longitudeIn relation to,approximate• 5 miles south of..• Across the streetfrom…•Over by…•15 minutes from…
Places & Regions• Places…– What does this place look like?– What physical characteristics doesthis place have?– What human characteristics doesthis place have?– What is special about this place?• Regions…– How do people organize places thatare similar?– What makes it different fromother places?– How is the place like others near oraround it?
Physical Systems• What physical processes shape thefeatures and patterns of a place?• Erosion• Natural Disasters• Drought• Floods• Hurricanes• Earthquake• What is the weather/climate like?• Snapshot• Long term patterns• How do physical features affect whereand how people live?• People adapt
• How do human activities affect…– Where people live?– How people live?• Migration –- What factors might contribute to humanmigration?– Push/Pull• Jobs• War• Religion• Availability of resources• Natural Disasters– How do people, goods, and ideas move into andout of a place?• Transportation• Communication• Trade– How does this affect the way they live?• Adapt• Interdependence –– How connected is this place to the rest of theworld?• Why is there conflict orcooperation in this place?Human Systems
Environment & SocietyHow do people interact with theirenvironment?• How do people modify theenvironment?• How do people adapt to theenvironment?• How does the environment impactpeople?
We use geography to…• study the past…• interpret the present…• predict the future…Who uses geography?CartographersPilotsSurveyorsEngineersMilitaryAgricultureUses of Geography