Cultural diffusion greece rome renaissance overview

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Cultural diffusion greece rome renaissance overview

  1. 1. Cultural DiffusionThe Legacy of Historical ErasGreece, Rome, the Middle Ages,the Renaissance
  2. 2. Ancient Greece Contributed…Inventions such as…• Democracy• The Olympics• Theater• The AlphabetInnovations in…• Technology• Science• Architecture• Medicine• Mathematics• Philosophy• Literature• Art• Language• History & Geography
  3. 3. PARTHENON, ATHENS,GREECE
  4. 4. COLUMNS - KARYTIDES
  5. 5. Socrates Archimedes
  6. 6. HomerAuthor of two of the world’sgreatest epic stories:The Iliad•The story of the Trojan WarThe Odyssey•The story of Odysseus, thehero of the Trojan War
  7. 7. AMPHITHEATERAT EPIDAURUS,GREECEGreeks invented theater withtragedies and comedies.Playwrights includedAristophanes, Euripides,Sophocles
  8. 8. Theater ofDionysus
  9. 9. OLYMPIC TRACKOLYMPIA - GREECETRACK AT EPIDAURUS,GREECEGreek Olympics
  10. 10. WINGED VICTORY“NIKE”Currently on displayat the Louvre ArtMuseum in Paris,France
  11. 11. CORINTH CANALCORINTH, GREECE
  12. 12. Ancient RomeContributed…Inventions such as…• Republic• Arches• Domes• Coliseum• Julian Calendar• Numbering systemInnovations such as…• Written laws• Paved roads• Transporting water• Architecture• Literature• Art• Religion
  13. 13. The Roman ForumWhere the Romans met &shopped
  14. 14. The Roman ColiseumHome of the Gladiators
  15. 15. PANTHEONROME, ITALY
  16. 16. ArchesConstantine’s ArchRome, ItalyArc de Triomphe Paris, FrancePicture of La Defense,ParisParis, France
  17. 17. AqueductsThe RomanPipe System
  18. 18. Notice the Romanroad and the crosswalk below.Roman Roads
  19. 19. ROMAN FAST FOODPOMPEII, ITALY
  20. 20. Cast of Roman citizen leftbehind after eruption ofMount Vesuvius in 79 A.D.“Beware of Dog” signPompeii, ItalyCirca Roman Empire
  21. 21. Contributions of the MiddleAges…• Limited Government (Magna Carta)• Architecture (Gothic Cathedrals)• Art (Stained Glass Windows)• Literature (Robin Hood, King Arthur, CanterburyTales, Beowulf)• Universities (Sorbonne, Oxford, Cambridge)• Spread of Christianity• Formation of Nation-States
  22. 22. Limited GovernmentThe Magna CartaThe basis for the United States Constitution
  23. 23. King John of England (right) and an English baron agreeing to Magna Carta. Adetail from the bronze doors of the U.S. Supreme Court building, Washington, D.C.Credit: Image courtesy of the U.S. Supreme Court.
  24. 24. Gothic CathedralsChartres, France
  25. 25. Notre Dame Cathedralbegun in 1163
  26. 26. Notre DameCathedralflyingbuttressesc. 1175
  27. 27. Chartres Cathedral buttresses
  28. 28. FlyingButtressdiagram
  29. 29. Other Gothicinnovations• pointed arch (instead of roundarch)• ribbed vault (instead of dome)• stained glass windows(see pp. 163-170)WHO CAME UP WITH THESEIDEAS?
  30. 30. Oxford University,England
  31. 31. The CrusadesCreated trade betweenEurope & Asia onceagain.
  32. 32. Formation of Nation-StatesNation-states developed withstrong central governments, singlerulers, laws, and full time armies.City-States declineexcept in Italy
  33. 33. The RenaissanceContributed…Inventions such as…• Printing Press• Telescope• Microscope• Mechanical Clocks• Eyeglasses• Flush Toilet• Gunpowder• Submarine• Wall PaperInnovations in…• Art• Architecture• Science• Technology• Map Making• Trade• Theater• Navigation/Sailing• Exploration• Spread of Religion
  34. 34. Improvements in Art• Began to use perspective• Art became more life-like andthree-dimensional• Famous artists•Leonardo da Vinci•Michelangelo• Sculpture resembled that ofGreeks & RomansVS.
  35. 35. Innovations in ArchitectureIl Duomo,Florence, ItalyRediscoveredhow to makedomes.
  36. 36. Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy
  37. 37. Theater/Literature• Revival of drama & theater• William Shakespeare (1564-1616)– Author of many famousplays• Romeo & Juliet• Hamlet• Julius Caesar, etc.– Performed at GlobeTheater
  38. 38. Scientific DiscoveriesGalileo Galilei• Invented telescope• Confirmed orbit ofEarth around sun• Scientific MethodAnthony Leeuwenhoek• “Father of Microscope”
  39. 39. Printing PressPrinting Press & Moveable Type:• First used by German monk,Johannes Gutenberg• Allowed books to be printedin languages other than Latin• Before – books werehandwritten by members ofthe clergy• Allowed more Europeansaccess to books; more peoplelearned to read
  40. 40. Exploration & Discovery of “NewWorld”• Invention of astrolabe & moderncompass allow for betternavigation• European merchants want newtrade routes to the East forspices• Christopher Columbus discovers“New World” in 1492• Ferdinand Magellancircumnavigates the world in1520-21
  41. 41. Catholic ReformationMartin Luther– German monk whocriticized the Church– Wrote “95 Theses”– Translated the Bible intoGerman– Prompted many tochallenge the RomanCatholic Church– Protestant denominationsbegan (Lutheran, Baptist,Presbyterian, Methodist)Henry VIII– King of England– Wanted to divorce hiswife, Catherine ofAragon– Broke away fromCatholic Church andcreated Church ofEngland (AnglicanChurch)– Married Anne Boleyn

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