Why should you write a
1. An organized speech, lowers the speaker’s anxiety
2. So that your audience does not get lost (Listeners only
have one chance to understand you!)
3. So that the speaker does not get lost
4. Well organized speeches are perceived as more
competent and credible because it exhibits your
critical thinking skills
3 Parts of a Speech
Three Types of Outlines
The basic building blocks
This is the one you will turn into the instructor
This one will be written on your notecards
0 Is a scratch outline with just a few key ideas
you intend to research
0 Try to include two pieces of supporting
A detailed outline developed during the
speech writing process that includes:
The Introduction – The AGD, Thesis, Est. Credibility &
Preview of Main Points
Body – Main Points, Sub-Points & Transitions
References – Both in-text citations & Reference page
A brief outline used to jog a person’s memory
during the presentation.
*Hint: You can write notes to yourself to enhance
delivery on your note cards – i.e. Speak Louder, Pause,
Breath, Look Up.
Guidelines for the
Use a visual framework
Make sure it is legible
Keep it as brief as possible
Give yourself speaking clues
A pattern of symbolization and
indentation in a speech that shows the
relationships among the speaker’s ideas.
- Roman Numerals, Letters, & Numbers
Example of Visual Framework
I. Main Point
A. Supporting point
B. Supporting point
1. Sub-supporting point
2. Sub-supporting point
a. Sub-sub supporting point
II. Main Point
The major points developed in the body
of a speech. Expresses claims & key
- 2 to 5 Main Points
- Only support one idea
- Main points should support thesis
Tips for Writing
1. Keep main points separate – use only one
key idea per main point
2. Try to use the same pattern of wording for
3. Balance the amount of time devoted to
Keep Main Points Separate
I. West Texas has
its own Grand
has its own
I. West Texas
boasts its own
II. South Texas
boasts its own
2. Use the same pattern of
I. Regular exercise increases endurance.
II. Regular exercise improves your
III. Regular exercise helps control your
3. Give equal time to main
points to balance your speech.
How can you
How can you
organize your main
organize your main
Informative Speech Organizational Patterns
Pgs. 256- 258
Organizing your speech based on a time or date
Thesis: Americans believe they have a fundamental right to
I.More than a century ago, Justice Louis D. Brandeis called
privacy “the right to be alone.”
II.Within a decade, the courts began to recognize the right to
III.The Supreme Court relied on a privacy rationale in teaching
its fundamental and controversial decisions on abortion.
IV.Threats to privacy are abound in today’s society.
Time pattern is also used when
explaining a process…
Thesis: There are four main steps to
getting a professional tattoo.
I. First, the hair is shaved…..
II. Second, the main lines are drawn.
III. Third, colored pigments are applied
inside the outline….
The main points follow a directional pattern.
The main points proceed from top to
bottom, left to right, front to back,
inside to outside, east to west or in some
Thesis: A hurricane is made up of three major cloud
I. At the center of the hurricane is the calm, cloud-free
II. Surrounding the eye is the eye-wall, a dense ring of
clouds that produces the most intense wind and
III. Rotating around the eye wall are large bands of
Main points are organized in a cause – effect
This speech has two main points:
1. One dealing with the causes of an event
2. The other dealing with its effects
**Can appear in reverse order – the effect, then the
Cause, but this is rare.**
I. Caused by the bite of infected mosquito, West
Nile virus is spreading throughout the U.S.
II. The effects of West Nile Virus include
flu-like symptoms, convulsions, swelling
of the brain and in some cases, death.
The main points of the speech divide the
topic into logical and consistent subtopics.
Speeches that do not fit under any of the other
organizational patterns, usually fall under this
I. Genetic engineering is producing new plant
hybrids that will vastly increase world agricultural
II. Genetic engineering is producing breakthroughs in
medicine that will allow people to live healthier
III. Genetic engineering is producing bacteria that will
help clean up industrial pollutants.
Compare & Contrast Arrangement
Demonstrates how two things are similar or
Thesis: Comparing performance, fuel economy, and
reliability can help you decide whether to purchase
gas-powered or gas-electric hybrid car.
III.Predicted reliability and battery life
Once you have your main points organized, it is
time to add supporting points and materials.
Represents the supporting material
you gathered to justify the main
How can you tie your
How can you tie yourideas together?
By using connectives!
Are words, phrases or sentences that tie
the speech ideas together. They keep the
audience and speaker on track.
Internal Preview & Summaries
Internal Previews &
Previews key points of a
section of the body of the
Example: I will focus on
Summarizes or reviews a
section just covered to
reinforce key on the body of
Example: Let’s pause for a
moment to summarize what
we have found so far.
States the main point just covered, then
previews the next main point. Examples
Now that we have explored the ancient
origins of astrology, let us turn to its modern
So much for the present; what about the
Are questions that do not invite an actual
response. They make the audience think.
Example: How do the costs of contests stack up
against the expense of training new
Brief phrases that indicate
exactly where you are in a
0 Focused attention
Examples of Signposts
The first cause of this
The second cause is..
The final cause is..
Focused Attention Words
First of all…
We now turn to….