Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea


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By Kelly Chan, Kaela Chambers, Jeanne Jalandoni and Christian Coronel

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Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea

  1. 1. Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea Presented By Kelly F. Chan, Kaela M. Chambers, Jeanne Jalandoni, and Christian Coronel
  2. 2. Geography of Southeast Asia <ul><li>Between Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. Mainland peninsula borders China (north) and India (west). On the most direct sea route between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Warm and humid climate. Monsoon winds bring annual rains. </li></ul><ul><li>Islands separated by seas and straits. Hills and mountains make travel and communication difficult. </li></ul>K.F.C. Pd 7
  3. 3. Influences from India <ul><li>Indian merchant boats arrived in Southeast Asia beginning in the first century A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu and Buddhist missionaries preached their faiths. </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asian poets wrote gracious poems in the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit. </li></ul>K.F.C. Pd 7
  4. 4. Influences from China <ul><li>Migration and trade carried Chinese ideas through Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>China gave political influence by ruling directly or by demanding tributes from local rulers. </li></ul><ul><li>The Vietnamese kept Buddhism after they broke away from China. </li></ul><ul><li>The Koreans learned about centralized government, Confucianism, Buddhism, and writing from the Chinese. </li></ul>K.F.C. Pd 7
  5. 5. The Khmer Empire <ul><li>Located in what is now Cambodia. </li></ul><ul><li>Funan  early Khmer kingdom that dominated sea trade from China to India. </li></ul><ul><li>The Khmers were greatly influenced by the Indian and Chinese, incorporating both Buddhism and Hinduism into the culture. </li></ul><ul><li>By 800, the Khmer had expanded into an empire, reaching their height of power at about 1200. The period from 889 to 1434 is known as the Angkor period. </li></ul><ul><li>An increase of rice production made the Khmer prosperous. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced technology: elaborate irrigation systems were built. This allowed for an even greater production of rice--3 to 4 times more rice than had been previously grown. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provided a surplus of food and allowed for the culture and population to grow. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Angkor  Khmer capital where elaborate temple-cities were constructed. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Angkor Wat, built as a monument for the Hindu god, Vishnu, is modeled after a mountain, and was used as an observatory. </li></ul></ul></ul>Art and architecture may be considered their greatest achievements by some historians. The Khmers used bas relief techniques on nearly every surface and built extravagant monuments. Khmer Empire in 1200 Angkor Wat K.M.C. Pd 7
  6. 6. Island Trading Kingdoms <ul><li>The Sailendra Dynasty emerged on the island Java and ruled an agricultural kingdom there. </li></ul><ul><li>Like the Khmers, the sailendra Dynasty made great contributions to architecture. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Their greatest monument, the Buddhist temple at Borobudur, was built at about 800. It includes terraced levels and an impressive statue of the Buddha. This shows the influence of China and India in Southeast Asia. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The mighty empire of Srivijaya came to control the Sailendra Dynasty. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Srivijaya was a huge power in the sea, ruling the Strait of Malacca and the water surrounding the islands of Sumatra, Borneo, and Java. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The capital became Palembang, located on the island of Sumatra, and grew to be a center of Buddhist learning. </li></ul></ul></ul>The Srivijayas would eventually name Singapore. Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. Borobudur Satue of Buddha at Borobudur K.M.C. Pd 7
  7. 7. <ul><li>Located south of China, on the coastal region. </li></ul><ul><li>Fell under Chinese authority </li></ul><ul><li>100 B.C- China takes northern Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>-Vietnamese remain under Chinese control for 1,000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Early 900’s- Vietnam breaks away from Chinese control, due to weakness of China’s Tang Dynasty, becomes an independent kingdom in 939. </li></ul>VIETNAM <ul><li>Cultural influences (i.e.: Buddhism), were taken in by Vietnamese. </li></ul><ul><li>- kept cultural individuality </li></ul><ul><li>- conserved a strong spirit of self-rule </li></ul><ul><li>Ly Dynasty (1009-1225) rulers established capital on the Red River Delta at Honai. </li></ul><ul><li>- Vietnam slowly expands by conquering neighboring peoples in the south. </li></ul><ul><li>1257, 1285, 1287- Mongols are able to capture Hanoi </li></ul><ul><li>- Mongols try to conquer Vietnam but are pressured to withdraw. </li></ul>J.J. Pd 7
  8. 8. <ul><li>Korea is located on a peninsula that extends out towards Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>Its area is similar to the size of Utah. </li></ul><ul><li>During the summer it is hot, and in the winter it is very cold. </li></ul><ul><li>Korea’s land is mountainous, with a restricted fraction of it that can be farmed. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mountains and seas create a fence around Korea, isolating it from its neighboring countries. </li></ul>Geography of Korea J.J. Pd 7
  9. 9. Early History and Geography of Korea In the beginning Korea was not a centralized government, it was divided into clans or tribes. The Korean people got the idea of a centralized government after the Han empire established a government there. The Korean learned the writing style of the Chinese, along with the ideas of a centralized government, Confucianism, and Buddhism. These ideas fused into their original culture and formed what we know as Korea. Above is a picture taken of a Buddha. Considered the most precious. The Korean eventually united into three separate kingdoms. Then one of them, the Silla, took control and governed Korea as a whole. C.C. Pd 7
  10. 10. The Koryu 935 1932 Christian Coronel The Koyu came to be after the Silla dynasty was overthrown by an officer named Wang Kon. He then named the dynasty Koryu, hence the name Korea. As mentioned earlier the Korean adapted the idea of a centralized government from the Chinese and was put in practice by this dynasty. Many of the practices were adapted by then concerning government issues. One of them is the civil service examination, which did not have a real purpose since the nobles got the positions anyway. Because of this the Koryu suffered many rebellions, but the Mongols caused even more trouble when they took over and demanded a tribute. The Mongols were later driven away, but so was the Koryu dynasty and replaced by the Choson. Although the Koryu were overthrown their achievements were valued. Their traditional art is still valued. One of their most priced knowledge is the making of celadon pottery and many more. C.C. Pd 7
  11. 11. Bibliography <ul><li>Beyond the Rainbow </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Stutimandala </li></ul>Geography of Southeast Asia & Influence of India and China “ Angkor (12th century)”--picture Cambodia “In Pictures: Angkor Wat ”--picture “Map of Khmer 1200”--picture “Khmer Empire,” The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07 “ Borobudur ”--picture Buddha at Borobudur picture The Khmer Empire & Island Trading Kingdoms
  12. 12. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Map of Korea </li></ul><ul><li>North Korea flag </li></ul><ul><li>South Korea flag </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Korean drawing </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Early History and Geography of Korea & The Koryu Vietnam & Geography of Korea <ul><li>Vietnam Flag: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Map of Korea: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> MUSIC BY THE BEATLES </li></ul>