Using Historical Quotes to Teach American History<br />In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free -- honorable alike in what we give and what we preserve. <br /><ul><li>-Abraham Lincoln
Note: These strategies will not only assist all of your students learn more complex meanings of the words, ideas, and concepts in the quote above but will also give you some possibilities for assisting your students who have special needs or are English Language Learners.
Discuss with students what role education plays in being a free citizen.
Ask students if the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision ended segregation in the schools.
At this point in Obama’s presidency, do students see a difference in the nation as a result of the United States electing its first African-American president.</li></ul> <br />STUDENT LEARNING HANDOUTS<br /><ul><li>Historical Quote</li></ul>In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free -- honorable alike in what we give and what we preserve. <br /><ul><li>-Abraham Lincoln
Varina Howell Davis was the First Lady of the Confederacy because she was married to Jefferson Davis when he became President of the Confederacy. She believed that the Yankee invaders and conquerers inflicted cruel punishments on civilians as well as soldiers, on women as well as men, on blacks as well as whites.
Why would her opinion on the Civil War be considered important in understanding American History?
As you read what Varina Howell Davis wrote below, UNDERLINE or HIGHLIGHT each of the words you do not know and/or have not seen before. </li></ul>In 1863, she recalled: <br />“Complaints from the people of the subjugated States came in daily. Women were set adrift across our borders with their children, penniless and separated from all they held dear. Their property was confiscated….Peaceful and aged citizens, unresisting captives and non-combatants, were confined at hard labor with ball and chain, others were ironed for selling medicines to ill Confederates…the whole population were given the choice to perjure themselves, or starve. The slaves, after New Orleans was taken, were driven from their homes, or if left undisturbed were forced to work under bayonet guard on the plantations…” [Memoirs, II, 369-370]<br /><ul><li>List each of the words you underlined or highlighted here:</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>Based on what you read in the quote, fill in the chart below:</li></ul>Groups in Southern SocietyWhat Happened to Them After the Civil War WomenChildrenMenAfrican Americans<br /><ul><li>Do you think some African Americans tried to leave the South after the Civil War? Why or why not?</li></ul>EXODUSTERS<br />Courtesy of Kansas Memory [Kansas State Historical Society]<br />http://kansasmemory.org<br />Identify terms that may be unfamiliar to students:<br />