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Empathy

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To be a teacher is more than give instructions, you have to understand students ways of learning, infer what it happens inside their minds, it is to understand their role as a student.

Published in: Education
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Empathy

  1. 1. THE EMPATHY TEACHING WITH EMPATHY By Kelly Patricia Fernández S.
  2. 2. Teaching With Empathy • Teaching is the beginning of everything and since it is so important to our life we dedicate hours and hours trying to help students how to achieve their goals, there are many ways to do it but they would not work enough if we do not have what we call empathy; if you are a teacher you have noticed that the more you express yourself as a charming and funny teacher your class goes good and if you are a teacher who just go in front of the students and teach without a good attitude you probably waste time there because students do not have the disposition to pay attention and no motivation to stay there in class. • When I took the decision to become a teacher I knew it will be the biggest challenge and it will be more than give lessons to the students, it is to understand feelings, instruct how to do and also it is to teach from mistakes.
  3. 3. Definition of Empathy • Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within the other being's frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's position. Empathy is seeing with the eyes of another, listening with the ears of another and feelings with the heart of another. There are many definitions for empathy which encompass a broad range of emotional states. Types of empathy include cognitive empathy, emotional empathy, and somatic empathy.
  4. 4. • Empathy has many different definitions that encompass a broad range of emotional states, including caring for other people and having a desire to help them; experiencing emotions that match another person's emotions; discerning what another person is thinking or feeling; and making less distinct the differences between the self and the other. It also is the ability to feel and share another person's emotions. Some believe that empathy involves the ability to match another's emotions, while others believe that empathy involves being tenderhearted toward another person.
  5. 5. Psychologist Martin Hoffman Definition of Empathy. • Martin Hoffman is a Psychologist who studied the development of empathy. According to Hoffman everyone is born with the capability of feeling empathy.
  6. 6. Emotional State of people • Since empathy involves understanding the emotional states of other people, the way it is characterized is derivative of the way emotions themselves are characterized. If, for example, emotions are taken to be centrally characterized by bodily feelings, then grasping the bodily feelings of another will be central to empathy. On the other hand, if emotions are more centrally characterized by a combination of beliefs and desires, then grasping these beliefs and desires will be more essential to empathy. The ability to imagine oneself as another person is a sophisticated imaginative process. However, the basic capacity to recognize emotions is probably innate and may be achieved unconsciously. Yet it can be trained and achieved with various degrees of intensity or accuracy.
  7. 7. • Empathy necessarily has a "more or less" quality. The paradigm case of an empathic interaction, however, involves a person communicating an accurate recognition of the significance of another person's ongoing intentional actions, associated emotional states, and personal characteristics in a manner that the recognized person can tolerate. Recognitions that are both accurate and tolerable are central features of empathy.
  8. 8. Affective and cognitive • Empathy is generally divided into two major components: • Affective empathy, also called emotional empathy: the capacity to respond with an appropriate emotion to another's mental states. Our ability to empathize emotionally is based on emotional contagion: being affected by another's emotional or arousal state. • Cognitive empathy: the capacity to understand another's perspective or mental state. The terms cognitive empathy and theory of mind are often used synonymously, but due to a lack of studies comparing theory of mind with types of empathy, it is unclear whether these are equivalent. • Although science has not yet agreed upon a precise definition of these constructs, there is consensus about this distinction
  9. 9. Scales of Empathy • Affective empathy can be subdivided into the following scales: • Empathic concern: sympathy and compassion for others in response to their suffering. • Personal distress: self-centered feelings of discomfort and anxiety in response to another's suffering. There is no consensus regarding whether personal distress is a basic form of empathy or instead does not constitute empathy. There may be a developmental aspect to this subdivision. Infants respond to the distress of others by getting distressed themselves; only when they are 2 years old do they start to respond in other-oriented ways, trying to help, comfort and share.
  10. 10. Elements of Empathy Daniel Goleman identified five key elements of empathy. • Understanding Others • Developing Others • Having a Service Orientation • Leveraging Diversity • Political Awareness
  11. 11. Cognitive Empathy • Cognitive empathy can be subdivided into the following scales: • Perspective taking: the tendency to spontaneously adopt others' psychological perspectives. • Fantasy: the tendency to identify with fictional characters. • Tactical (or "strategic") empathy: the deliberate use of perspective-taking to achieve certain desired ends
  12. 12. Conclusion • To be a teacher is more than give instructions, you have to understand students ways of learning, infer what it happens inside their minds, it is to understand their role as a student, it is to think more in them in order to make them confident in the classroom, if we do those essentials thing our class will success and the students will find easy to learn. • Take affinity as a rule to manage your class it will help not only to you but also the students feel appreciated.
  13. 13. Bibliography • From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia • Read more at: https://www.skillsyouneed.com/ips/empathy.html • https://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/empathy

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