World War I

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World War I

  1. 1. WORLD WAR I:
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES: <ul><li>1. Explain the major causes of unrest in Europe prior to WWI </li></ul><ul><li>2. Understand the results of the early fighting </li></ul><ul><li>3. Analyze the term “stalemate and trench warfare” </li></ul><ul><li>4. Explain the United States position and the challenges that came with it. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Identify events that led to US entry into WWI </li></ul><ul><li>6. Understand efforts to prepare the US military </li></ul><ul><li>7. Describe new technology of WWI. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Understand the efforts of American civilians to aid the war effort </li></ul><ul><li>9. Analyze the effectiveness of propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>10. Analyze Wilson’s 14 points and the creation of the League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>11. Explain the global impact of WWI </li></ul>
  3. 3. #1- Explain the major causes of unrest in Europe prior to WWI <ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Militarism </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances </li></ul><ul><li>This was the perfect ingredient for a war… the only thing missing was an event to ignite war! </li></ul>
  4. 4. THE ASSASSINATION OF ARCHDUKE FRANZ FERDINAND : <ul><li>Prince of Austria Hungary that was visiting Bosnia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shot and killed by a Serbian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Serbia wanted freedom) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The terrorist wanted Bosnia to join Serbia in freedom </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Pg. 312
  6. 6. #2- Understand the results of the early fighting <ul><li>Germany wanted to strike France first and isolate Great Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany would invade France through Belgium </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fighting reaches a stalemate </li></ul><ul><li>Then turn to the east and attack Russia </li></ul>
  7. 7. STALEMATE: <ul><li>No one wins… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gain and lose ground on a daily / weekly basis. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two sides traded millions of casualties over a few yards of mud </li></ul>
  8. 8. TRENCH WARFARE:
  9. 9. THE UNITED STATES POSITION: <ul><li>? </li></ul>
  10. 10. #4- Explain the United States position and the challenges that came with it. <ul><li>President Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>had to guide </li></ul><ul><li>America to or away </li></ul><ul><li>from war. </li></ul>
  11. 11. I have decided it is in America’s best interest to stay out of the war in Europe. We are a Neutral nation!!! Woodrow Wilson
  12. 12. #5 - Identify events that led to US entry into WWI <ul><li>German submarine warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Sinking of the Lusitania (128 Americans killed) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created strong anti-German feelings in the US </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zimmerman Note – Germany asked Mexico to start a war with USA. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lusitania
  14. 14. Zimmerman Note
  15. 15. # 6- Understand efforts to prepare the US military <ul><li>National Defense Act: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>90,000 to 175,000 , 313 million for Navy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Selective Service Act : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Men 21-30 years old had to sign up for the draft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually 21-45 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 million had been drafted </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Another 1 million joined </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. PAYING FOR THE WAR:
  17. 17. #7- NEW WWI WARFARE: pg 313
  18. 18. #8- Understand the efforts of American civilians to aid the war effort
  19. 19. #8- Understand the efforts of American civilians to aid the war effort <ul><li>1. Meatless days </li></ul><ul><li>2. Victory Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sewing Clothes </li></ul><ul><li>4. Donating books </li></ul><ul><li>5. Purchasing bonds </li></ul><ul><li>6. Women taking jobs in factories </li></ul>
  20. 21. # 9- Analyze the effectiveness of propaganda <ul><li>Increased support </li></ul><ul><li>Raised Money </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Rumors </li></ul><ul><li>Pride </li></ul>
  21. 22. #10 - Analyze Wilson’s 14 points and the creation of the League of Nations <ul><li>President Wilson and others sign the Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put blame on Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>($$$ and loss of military) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created the League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US Did not join!!! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>New Nations – map on 326 </li></ul>
  22. 23. # 11- Explain the global impact of WWI <ul><li>8.5 Million soldiers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>126,000 US soldiers killed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>33 Billion dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of new countries (see map) </li></ul><ul><li>Germany was severely punished </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of the League of Nations </li></ul>
  23. 25. Russia Revolts: <ul><li>While fighting Germany, the Russian people lead a revolt. </li></ul><ul><li>The country becomes Communist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government ownership of… Farms, Factories, banks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The new government decided to make a peace pact with Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 million troops were pulled </li></ul></ul><ul><li>**** Now Germany could focus entirely on England and France </li></ul>

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