The cold war

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The cold war

  1. 1. THE COLD WAR:
  2. 2. CH 23 – OBJECTIVES: <ul><li>1. Summarize the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union during and after WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Analyze the successes and failures of the United States policy of containment. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Understand the importance of Germany after World War II. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Explain why the United States became involved in the affairs of China, Korea and Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Describe the superpowers’ struggle for control in Latin America. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Explain how communism affected life in America. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Analyze the fall of Communism in the Soviet Union and its effects. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Summarize the relationship between the United States & the Soviets during and after WWII. <ul><li>BOTH ALLIES AGAINST HITLER </li></ul><ul><li>BESIDES THAT, BOTH COUNTRIES DID NOT TRUST THE OTHER. </li></ul><ul><li>DIFFERENCES INCLUDE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>POLITICAL SYSTEMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC SYSTEMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>POST WWII GOALS </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. RELATIONSHIP DURING WWII? <ul><li>BOTH ALLIES AGAINST HITLER </li></ul><ul><li>BESIDES THAT, BOTH COUNTRIES DID NOT TRUST THE OTHER. </li></ul><ul><li>DIFFERENCES INCLUDE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>POLITICAL SYSTEMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC SYSTEMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>POST WWII GOALS </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. SUSPICIONS: <ul><li>A. SOVIETS WEREW FORMER ALLIES WITH HITLER </li></ul><ul><li>B. USA DIDN’T ATTACK GERMANY </li></ul><ul><li>SOON ENOUGH </li></ul><ul><li>C. USA KEPT ATOMIC BOMB SECRET </li></ul>
  6. 6. END OF WORLD WAR II <ul><li>The Soviet Union and the United States race to Berlin. </li></ul><ul><li>They decide to split Germany / Korea </li></ul>
  7. 7. TRUE / FALSE REVIEW: <ul><li>After WWII the two superpowers were the United States and Great Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cold War began in 1945 and ended in 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>The reason it is called the Cold War is because fighting took place in Iceland. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States and the Soviet Union, although Allies during the war, never really trusted each other. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cold War really contained no direct fighting, but had numerous situations of fighting around the globe. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2 -Explain attempts to stop the spread of Communism (Containment) <ul><li>With a partner, read pages 826 and 827 and answer the following: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Truman Doctrine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Marshall Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Berlin Airlift </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. TRUMAN DOCTRINE: <ul><li>1 ST TIME TO APPLY CONTAINMENT </li></ul><ul><li>SOVIETS HAD MADE THREATS TO TURKEY AND GREECE. </li></ul><ul><li>THE UNITED STATES GIVES 410 MILLION DOLLARS IN AIDE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bribery!!! </li></ul></ul>GREECE Turkey
  10. 10. MARSHALL PLAN: <ul><li>DON’T MAKE SAME MISTAKES –WWI </li></ul><ul><li>HELP RESTORE EUROPE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>STABLE DEMOCRACIES AND ECONOMIES </li></ul></ul><ul><li>21 MILLION PEOPLE HOMELESS </li></ul><ul><li>1 IN 5 HOUSES DESTROYED IN FRANCE AND BELGIUM </li></ul><ul><li>INDUSTRIES IN RUIN - RUSSIANS </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>17 EUROPEAN NATIONS RECEIVED 13 BILLION DOLLARS IN AIDE. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Berlin Airlift: <ul><li>In order to keep West Berlin from being taken over by the Soviets, Truman orders an airlift to give food and supplies. </li></ul>
  13. 13. NATO Vs. Warsaw Pact <ul><li>Divides Europe into half… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA, GB, France… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>against </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviets </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. IRON CURTAIN:
  15. 15. 4 -Explain how Communism spread in Asia <ul><li>1. THE COMMUNIST WIN IN CIVIL WAR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EVEN THOUGH THE UNITED STATES SUPPORTED THE NATIONALIST </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CHIANG KAI-SHEK AND THE NATIONALIST FLEE TO TAIWAN </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHINA FORMS AN ALLIANCE WITH SOVIETS </li></ul></ul>Communism Rules, even in China! Yeah Baby!!! Thanks USA… But I must flee to Taiwan!!! Mao Zedong Chiang kai-shek
  16. 16. KOREAN WAR : <ul><li>* DIVIDED AT 38 TH PARALLEL </li></ul><ul><li>NORTH KOREA INVADES THE 38 TH PARALLEL (EVENTUALLY WITH CHINESE HELP) </li></ul><ul><li>USA RESPONDS BY SENDING TROOPS LED BY (D. MACARTHUR) </li></ul>
  17. 18. VIETNAM : <ul><li>DIVIDED AT THE 17 TH PARALLEL </li></ul><ul><li>COMMUNIST TOOK CONTROL NORTH </li></ul><ul><li>USA TOOK CONTROL OF SOUTH </li></ul><ul><li>UNITED STATES LONGEST WAR, BEGINS IN 65 AND ENDS IN 76. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60,000 US troops killed </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. A B C D E F G H I J Cold War Conflicts:
  19. 20. #5 – Describe the superpowers struggle for control in Latin America. <ul><li>Guatemala </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United Fruit Company (UFCO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USA overthrew the government and installed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a pro-democracy… Saving our business interest. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. CUBA: <ul><li>BAY OF PIGS: CIA led invasion using Cuban exiles to overthrow the Cuban government. (major disaster) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS: Soviets (with Fidel Castro) place nuclear weapons on Cuba pointed at American cities. JFK uses an embargo and negotiates the withdrawal. Extremely close moments of all out nuclear war!!! </li></ul></ul>
  21. 23. #6 - Explain how communism affected life in America. <ul><li>1. Fear of Nuclear Attack, bomb shelters </li></ul><ul><li>2. Limitations on free speech </li></ul><ul><li>3. Joseph McCarthy – list of communist in gov. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Blacklist </li></ul>McCarthy Rosenbergs Hollywood 10
  22. 24. Hollywood and the Cold War:
  23. 25. 7 - Analyze the fall of Communism in the Soviet Union and its effects. <ul><li>Height of American Power </li></ul><ul><li>Spread of Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>End of the Arms Race </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of fear </li></ul>
  24. 27. Cold War: <ul><li>1945-1991 bad tensions between the superpowers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA and SOVIET UNION never fought each other, but did fight all around the world </li></ul></ul>
  25. 28. CONTAINMENT : <ul><li>KENNANS MAIN MESSAGE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>KEEP COMMUNISM CONTAINED </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EASTERN EUROPE WAS ALREADY EXPOSED TO COMMUNISM </li></ul><ul><li>SATELLITE NATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>KEEP WESTERN EUROPE SAFE </li></ul>
  26. 29. BRANCHES OF GOV. PEOPLE CAN VOTE FREE ENTERPRISE / RAGS TO RICHES 3 CLASSES OF WEALTH 1 LEADER WITH TOTAL POWER NO VOTING GOV. CONTROLS FACTORIES, FARMS 1 CLASS OF WEALTH DEMOCRACY COMMUNISM
  27. 30. YALTA CONFERENCE : <ul><li>1. DIVIDED GERMANY INTO 4 MILITARY ZONES. USA, GB, FR, and RUSSIA </li></ul><ul><li>2. UNITED NATIONS CREATED </li></ul><ul><li>3. KOREA DIVIDED AT 38 TH PARALLEL </li></ul>
  28. 31. IRON CURTAIN SPEECH <ul><li>CHURCHILL VISITS MISSOURI </li></ul><ul><li>CONDEMNED THE DIVISION OF EUROPE </li></ul><ul><li>CALLED ON AMERICANS TO KEEP STALIN FROM ENCLOSING ANY MORE NATIONS BEHIND THE IRON CURTAIN </li></ul>
  29. 32. <ul><li>USA (TRUMAN) APPLYS ECONOMIC RELIEF </li></ul><ul><li>400 MILLION IN AIDE FOR TURKEY AND GREECE </li></ul>
  30. 33. UNITED NATIONS - NATO <ul><li>PG. 608 </li></ul><ul><li>THE U.S. AND THE SOVIET UNION WERE MEMBERS OF THE U.N. AND THEY WOULD VETO EACH OTHER. </li></ul><ul><li>IN RESPONSE - NATO WAS CREATED </li></ul>
  31. 34. <ul><li>DEVELOPED BY CANADA, ITS PURPOSE WAS TO PROTECT EUROPE AND THE WORLD FROM COMMUNISM </li></ul><ul><li>“ AN ARMED ATTACK AGAINST ONE SHALL BE AN ATTACK AGAINST ALL.” </li></ul>
  32. 35. MEMBER NATIONS: <ul><li>GB, PORTUGAL, LUXEMBERG, FRANCE, DENMARK, BELGIUM, ITALY, THE NETHERLANDS, GREECE, TURKEY, NORWAY, WEST GERMANY, ICELAND, </li></ul><ul><li>EVENTUALLY SPAIN - 1962 </li></ul>
  33. 36. POTSDAM CONFERENCE : <ul><li>1. NO FREE ELECTIONS IN EASTERN EUROPE </li></ul><ul><li>2. STALIN FIRST HEARS OF AMERICAS NULEAR POWER </li></ul>
  34. 37. WARSAW PACT : <ul><li>SOVIET UNIONS RESPONSE </li></ul><ul><li>SOVIET UNION, ALBANIA, POLAND, HUNGARY, BULGARIA, EAST GERMANY, ROMANIA, CZECHOSLOVAKIA </li></ul>
  35. 38. GEORGE KEENAN: LONG TELEGRAM <ul><li>“ COMMUNISM WAS THE GREATEST THREAT TO THE FREE WORLD, NOT THE SOVIET ARMY.” </li></ul>
  36. 39. <ul><li>IN THIS CORNER…. FROM THE FORZEN TUNDRA OF RUSSIA…. THE MASTER OF DISASTER…. THE CZAR FROM AFAR…. THE EVIL EAR OF FEAR…. THE WARSAW PACT </li></ul>
  37. 40. <ul><li>AND IN THIS CORNER…. FROM THE LAND OF LIBERTY…. THE KING OF VOTING…. THE ACE OF ECONOMIC SPACE…. THE NATO ALLIANCE </li></ul>
  38. 41. <ul><li>LETS GET READY TO RUMBLLLLLLLLE!!!! </li></ul>
  39. 42. In your notes answer the following: <ul><li>1. HOW & WHY DID THE US SUPPORT CHIANG KAI SHEK? </li></ul><ul><li>2. WHY DID THE US SUPPORT OF CHIANG DISSOLVE? </li></ul><ul><li>3. WHO WAS MAO ZEDONG AND HOW DID HE GAIN CHINESE SUPPORT? </li></ul><ul><li>4. WHAT WAS AMERICAS REACTION TO THE COMMUNIST TAKEOVER IN CHINA? </li></ul>
  40. 43. POLITICAL CARTOONS: <ul><li>Working with one other student, look at the political cartoon and explain the message or idea that the cartoon is trying to express. </li></ul>
  41. 53. COMMUNISM IN ASIA: KOREAN WAR : <ul><li>* DIVIDED AT 38 TH PARALLEL </li></ul><ul><li>NORTH KOREA INVADES THE 38 TH PARALLEL (EVENTUALLY WITH CHINESE HELP </li></ul><ul><li>UNITED STATES RESPONDS BY SENDING TROOPS LED BY </li></ul><ul><li>GEN. DOUGLAS MACARTHUR </li></ul>
  42. 54. <ul><li>US MARINES LANDED AT INCHON </li></ul><ul><li>SANDWICH THE N. KOREANS AT PUSAN </li></ul><ul><li>PUSHED BACK ACROSS THE LINE </li></ul><ul><li>CONTINUED INTO N. KOREA EVEN WITH CHINA ISSUEING A WARNING </li></ul><ul><li>CHINESE TROOPS ENTER THE WAR AND PUSH BACK THE US/UN FORCES </li></ul>
  43. 55. <ul><li>GENERAL MacARTHUR WANTED TO CONTINUE AND TAKE ON THE CHINESE AND RUSSIANS TO “GET IT OVER WITH” </li></ul><ul><li>PRESIDENT TRUMAN DISAGREED </li></ul><ul><li>MacARTHUR DID NOT FOLLOW ORDERS AND TRUMAN FIRED HIM. </li></ul><ul><li>US 54,000 SOLDIERS KILLED </li></ul>
  44. 56. COMMUNISM IN THE MIDDLE EAST: <ul><li>IRAN – OIL ECONOMY WENT DOWN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TURN TO COMMUNIST? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USA PAID $$$ AND INSERTED LEADER </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SUEZ CANAL – CONTROL OF THE WATER WAY TO EUROPEAN / MIDEAST MARKETS. KEEP OUT OF COMMUNIST HANDS </li></ul>
  45. 57. COMMUNISM IN LATIN AMERICA: <ul><li>GUATAMALA – NATIONALIZED ALL LAND AND KICKED OUT UNITED STATES BUSINESSES (BANANA) </li></ul><ul><li>IF THEY ARE NOT SUPPORTING THE US, THEY MUST BE SUPPORTING THE COMMUNIST </li></ul>
  46. 58. CUBA <ul><li>FIDEL CASTRO WAS A YOUNG REVOLUTIONARY WHO TURNED LEADER. </li></ul><ul><li>PROMISED TO ELIMINATE POVERTY, INEQUALITY” </li></ul>
  47. 59. <ul><li>HE SIEZED 3 US OIL REFINERIES </li></ul><ul><li>BROKE UP COMMERCIAL FARMS (SUGAR PLANTS OWNED BY US BUSINESS) </li></ul><ul><li>USA RESPONDED WITH TRADING EMBARGO </li></ul>
  48. 60. CUBAN MISSILE CRISES <ul><li>SOVIET LEADER NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV PROMISED TO PROTECT CUBA WITH NUCLEAR WEAPONS </li></ul><ul><li>THE WEAPONS WERE POINTED AT MAJOR US CITIES </li></ul><ul><li>CUBA HAD BEEN DENYING THE WEAPONS EXISTED </li></ul>
  49. 61. <ul><li>A U.S. U2 SPY PLANE CAPTURED RESONISSANCE PHOTOS OF THE WARHEADS </li></ul><ul><li>KENNEDY HAD TO DO SOMETHING! </li></ul><ul><li>HE CHOOSE TO INFORM THE PUBLIC THAT CUBA HAD NUKES </li></ul><ul><li>IF ANY ATTACK WERE TO OCCURE THEN ALL OUT NUKE ATTACK ON SOVIETS - BRINKMANSHIP </li></ul>
  50. 62. <ul><li>THE UNITED STATES ALSO HAD NUKED POINTED AT THE SOVIETS </li></ul><ul><li>LOCATED IN TURKEY </li></ul><ul><li>WHO WILL BLINK FIRST??? </li></ul><ul><li>SOVIETS AGREED TO REMOVE NUKES IF WE WOULD FOLLOW </li></ul>
  51. 63. COMMUNISM IN LATIN AMERICA : <ul><li>USA HAD MILLIONS UPON MILLIONS OF DOLLARS INVESTED IN LATIN AMERICA. </li></ul><ul><li>SENT TROOPS TO HONDURAS AND NICARAGUA TO IMPLANT LEADERS </li></ul><ul><li>UNITED FRUIT CO. IN GUATEMALA = USA WOULD DO ALMOST ANYTHING TO KEEP COMMUNISM AWAY. FEAR AND SUSPICION </li></ul><ul><li>FIDEL CASTRO </li></ul>
  52. 64. <ul><li>Task: You are a historian with a plethora of topics that you can talk about from the Cold War Era. You have been asked to do a presentation to a class on one of those topics. Your presentation should include charts, diagrams, pictures, video, maps, etc., that include historical information. The presentation is a minimum of 8 minutes. </li></ul>
  53. 65. Knowledgeable Person <ul><li>How to find and evaluate sources of information to conduct research. </li></ul><ul><li>4 - student creates bibliography, uses a variety of resources, has information that is correct, information is pertinent to topic being discussed. </li></ul><ul><li>3 - student creates bibliography with some mistakes, has some resources, information has some errors, information is hard to understand. </li></ul><ul><li>2 - students bibliography is hard to understand, few resources, information is lacking, information is hard to understand. </li></ul><ul><li>1 - lack of bibliography, lack of resources, information is mostly incorrect, information does not relate to topic. </li></ul>
  54. 66. Complex Thinker <ul><li>Construct support for an argument </li></ul><ul><li>4 - resource materials support argument, resources allow peers to understand argument, presentation is has a structure, presentation is longer than 10 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>3 - resource materials show some support, resources allow peers to partially understand, presentation is random, presentation is right at about 10 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>2 - resource materials lack a show of support, resources confuse peers, presentation lacks structure, presentation is short. </li></ul><ul><li>1 - resource materials do not relate to argument, peers are confused, presentation has no structure. </li></ul>
  55. 67. Effective Communicator <ul><li>Student expresses ideas clearly using different mediums including technology </li></ul><ul><li>4 - students ideas are portrayed in several different ways, student gets points across to the class, student uses technology in appropriate manner for understanding, student assesses what has been talked about. </li></ul><ul><li>3 - student presents ideas, students points to class are hard to discern, students use of technology makes it hard to understand topic, students assessment lacks in checking for understanding. </li></ul><ul><li>2 - student presents ideas in one way, students points to class are hard to discern, student lacks use of technology, assessment is lacking in value. </li></ul><ul><li>1 - students presentation is lacking, student makes few points to class, technology is not used, no assessment of learning is given. </li></ul>
  56. 68. <ul><li>Eisenhower Truman Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Nsc-68 Music Nixon </li></ul><ul><li>Hollywood Marshall Plan NATO </li></ul><ul><li>Fidel Castro Berlin Wall 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Space Race Rosenberg’s UFCO </li></ul><ul><li>Khrushchev Mao Zedong U2 </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin Airlift Popular Culture Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Bay of Pigs China </li></ul><ul><li>Arms Race Churchill CIA </li></ul><ul><li>McCarthry Espionage HUAC </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic Race Ho Chi Mihn Hoover </li></ul><ul><li>Truman Doctrine Alger Hiss </li></ul>
  57. 69. <ul><li>A. What is meant by the phrase “The Cold War?” </li></ul><ul><li>List 5 causes of the Cold War. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree that the war was “cold?” Why or Why Not? </li></ul><ul><li>D. Explain the military actions taken by the United States in the attempt at containment . </li></ul>

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