Freud

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Freud

  1. 1. Psychodynamic Perspective Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939)
  2. 2. Aims and ObjectivesAim: To introduce the Psychodynamic Approach and Freud’s theoriesBy the end of the lesson you should be able to:• Describe the main assumptions of the psychodynamic approach to psychology• Describe the three parts of the mind as proposed by Freud
  3. 3. Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939)• Born into a Jewish family• After fleeing Nazism as he rejected Anti-Semitism (prejudice against or hatred of Jews), he eventually died in London of mouth cancer.• In the 1930’s the government arranged a book burning to burn the works of Freud and others as they were considered to have degenerate views
  4. 4. Freud’s Main Concepts• Model of the mind/psyche• Structure of Personality• Psychosexual Stages of Child Development• Defence Mechanisms• Psychoanalysis (Treatment of abnormality)
  5. 5. Freud’s consulting room
  6. 6. Psychoanalytic Theory’s Key AssumptionsThe key assumption of the psychodynamic approach is that allhuman behaviour is driven by unconscious motives that weoften have no awareness or knowledge ofChildhood is a critical period in development of our behaviourand personalityOur behaviour is a result of an interaction betweenunconscious innate drives (i.e. desire of pleasure) and earlyexperiences (extent to which our early desires were gratified)Personality differences can be traced back to the way theearly conflicts between desire and experience were handled.These conflicts remain with the adult and exert pressurethrough unconsciously motivated behaviour.
  7. 7. Model of the Mind/Psyche
  8. 8. Freud’s Structure of Personality• Personality consists of three main parts:1. Id2. Ego3. Superego• Called Iceberg Analogy
  9. 9. The Id• Primary driving force is sexual instinct, which operates in the unconscious• Operates using the pleasure principle – wants things immediately!
  10. 10. The Ego• This is the conscious, rational mind and it develops during the first two years of life.• It works on the reality principle• Balances the needs of the Id and Superego
  11. 11. The Superego• This is the moral component of personality• Developed from societal and parental standards of what is appropriate behaviour• Develops at Age 5
  12. 12. A balancing act….
  13. 13. Learning objectives• To learn about Freuds theory of dreaming.• To investigate how dreams reveal powerful unconscious thoughts.

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