Weight Gain           Item          AmountBaby                          7-8 poundsBlood Volume Increase             3 poun...
Weight Gain… 1 to 4 pounds total  during the first 3  months (first  trimester) 2 to 4 pounds per  month during the  4th...
Daily Food Requirements   Milk and Milk Products, Dairy     4 servings
Daily Food Requirements   Meats & Proteins     3 servings
Daily Food Requirements   Fruits     2-4 servings     1 high in vitamin C
Daily Food Requirements   Vegetables     Dark green and deep yellow vegetables      several times a week     3 to 5 ser...
Daily Food Requirements   Breads & Carbohydrates     6 to 11 servings a day     Aim for whole grains
Beneficial Nutrients   Folic Acid     ○ reduces risk of birth defects (spina bifida)     ○ found in green leafy vegetable...
Avoid …   Alcohol     Fetal Alcohol      Syndrome     High risk of still born or      miscarriage     Low birth rate  ...
Avoid … Smoking   –low birth weight, stillbirth,  poor lung development, SIDS, 2nd  hand smoke is also dangerous Medicat...
Foods to Avoid … Some fish and shellfish contain potentially dangerous  levels of mercury. Too much mercury could damage ...
Nutrition during pregnancy
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Nutrition during pregnancy

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Nutrition during pregnancy

  1. 1. Weight Gain Item AmountBaby 7-8 poundsBlood Volume Increase 3 poundsPlacenta 1 poundTissue 2-6 poundsUterus 2 poundsFat Deposits 5 poundsBreasts 1 poundAmniotic Fluid 2-4 poundsFluids 2-6 poundsTotal ~ 25 to 35 pounds
  2. 2. Weight Gain… 1 to 4 pounds total during the first 3 months (first trimester) 2 to 4 pounds per month during the 4th to 9th months (second and third trimesters)
  3. 3. Daily Food Requirements Milk and Milk Products, Dairy  4 servings
  4. 4. Daily Food Requirements Meats & Proteins  3 servings
  5. 5. Daily Food Requirements Fruits  2-4 servings  1 high in vitamin C
  6. 6. Daily Food Requirements Vegetables  Dark green and deep yellow vegetables several times a week  3 to 5 servings
  7. 7. Daily Food Requirements Breads & Carbohydrates  6 to 11 servings a day  Aim for whole grains
  8. 8. Beneficial Nutrients Folic Acid ○ reduces risk of birth defects (spina bifida) ○ found in green leafy vegetables, nuts, citrus fruits, beans, fortified cereals Iron ○ helps mom and baby’s blood carry oxygen ○ green leafy vegetables, red meat, beans Calcium ○ fetus needs for bone growth ○ helps mom from losing bone density ○ found in Milk group
  9. 9. Avoid … Alcohol  Fetal Alcohol Syndrome  High risk of still born or miscarriage  Low birth rate  Mental retardation
  10. 10. Avoid … Smoking –low birth weight, stillbirth, poor lung development, SIDS, 2nd hand smoke is also dangerous Medications – NO medications should be taken (even over the counter) unless approved by doctor X-rays – Exposing fetus to radiation can cause birth defects Hot tubs/saunas – raises core temperature of mom, could harm fetus
  11. 11. Foods to Avoid … Some fish and shellfish contain potentially dangerous levels of mercury. Too much mercury could damage your babys developing nervous system. The bigger and older the fish, the more mercury its likely to contain. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) encourage pregnant women to avoid: Swordfish Shark King mackerel Tilefish Limit albacore tuna, chunk white tuna and tuna steak to no more than 6 ounces, or 170 grams, a week

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