Elements of design


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Elements of design

  1. 1. ELEMENTS OF DESIGNShape and Line
  2. 2. Shape The shape of a garment is its form or silhouette  It is the overall outline  It is created by the cut and construction of the garment
  3. 3. Shape The shape of an outfit is the outline when seen from a distance. Since shape can be seen from a distance, it will be noticed first. It is a major factor in viewer’s first impression Clothing can reveal or disguise the natural contour of the body
  4. 4. Shape Full, wide clothing shapes make people look larger. They look best on people who are slim. Trim, compact silhouettes make people look smaller.
  5. 5. Shape When choosing clothes, a person should decide where his or her shape is best and feature a silhouette that highlights that feature.
  6. 6. Line A line is a distinct, elongated mark, as if drawn by a pen  1. Lines have direction, width and length  2. The element of line can play up a persons good points and play down the bad ones.  Eyes follow lines
  7. 7. Line 3. Line suggest movement or rhythm- where they lead the eyes. Lines lead the eye up and down and side to side. 4. Line can emphasize or create height, conceal weight, or focus the attention on a certain area.
  8. 8. Types of Line- Straight Straight lines are bold and severe. They suggest dignity, power, and formality. They give steadiness and stability. If overdone, they can make an outfit look stiff.
  9. 9. Types of Line- Curved Curved lines can be rounded and circular or somewhat flattened out. They increase the size and shape of the figure.  Circles are closed lines, so they stop the eye entirely.  Curved lines are less formal than straight ones. They give a soft, smooth, graceful and flowing feeling. They can accent the natural curves of the body.
  10. 10. Types of Line- Jagged Jagged lines change direction abruptly and with sharp points like zigzags. Overused they can create a jumpy, confused feeling. Use them sparingly, since they are very noticeable. Jagged lines are appropriate for fun loving who do not need to create a serious image.
  11. 11. Line Direction- Vertical Lines Vertical lines go up and down. They lead the eye up and down. They give the impression of height and slimness. They also give the feeling of dignity, strength and poise.  For the best effect, put vertical lines over an area of the body you want to look slimmer.
  12. 12. Line Direction- Horizontal Lines Go from side to side. They carry the eye from side to side. They give the impression of less height and more width. Tend to give a relaxed, calm feeling.  Put horizontal stripes across parts of the body you want to look bigger.
  13. 13. Diagonal Lines Are slanted. The degree of the slant determines their visual effect in clothes. If they have a vertical slant, they are slenderizing. If they have a horizontal slant, they add width. Diagonal lines draw attention to the areas where they are used. They give a feeling of action and strength.
  14. 14. Line Applications 1. Structured lines are formed when parts of the garment are constructed.  They are seams, darts, edges of the garment.  They are the details that also create a visual interested.  They are a necessary part of the garment’s construction
  15. 15. Line Applications 2. Decorative lines are created by adding details to the surface of clothing.  Theyare added to decorate the outfit and make it more interesting.
  16. 16. Illusions with Lines In clothing, line often combines into designs that appear to form an arrow, or the letters T, I, or Y. these create optical illusions.
  17. 17. Arrows Tend to deflect the gaze downward. They shorten the height of a person.
  18. 18. “T” Lines Also stop the upward movement of the eye. Height is cut, but width is given to the top– the illusion of broad shoulders.
  19. 19. “I Lines” Tend to give a vertical feeling that is contained at the top and bottom. Makes the body look taller and thinner.
  20. 20. “Y” Lines Keep the gaze moving upward even farther. The appearance of height is given to the body of a “Y” line dress.