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Chapter 8
   The knife is the chef’s most important tool   Knives are usually made from one of three    types of metals     1. ca...
Tang        Bolster   Spine                                             Tip         HeelRivets                            ...
   Chef knife     Most used knife, used for chopping, slicing,
   Utility knife- smaller    version of chef    knife, more flexible    blade, not wide enough    for chopping
   Paring knife- used to    cut away skin or    peel, also useful for    garnishes
   Serrated slicer (bread    knife)- slices breads    and pastries without    crumbling or flattening    them
   Cleaver- used for    chopping, heavy    cleavers can chop    through bones when    used by butchers
 Wooden cutting boards  and butcher blocks are  less likely to allow  bacteria growth than  plastic or synthetic  boards...
   A dull knife is more    dangerous than a sharp    knife   There are two ways to    sharpen a knife   Steel- a rod us...
Small Equipment
   Type: Measuring   Uses: Used to measure    solid and liquid    ingredients
   Type: Mixing   Uses: Used to mix    ingredients
 Type: cooking and  serving Uses: to move and  transfer foods
 Type:  preparation, cutting Uses: peels skin off  vegetables and fruits
   Type: baking tool   Uses: spread cake    icing, level ingredients    in measuring cups
   Type: mixing tools   Uses: removes pieces    of foods from liquids
   Type: measuring tool   Uses: used to measure    liquid ingredients
   Type: mixing tool   Uses: incorporates air    into foods
   Type: Cutting   Uses: Cuts, slices, and    chops
   Type: baking tool   Uses: used to blend dry    ingredients or remove    lumps
   Type: baking tool   Uses: rolls out dough    and pastries
   Type: Cutting tool   Uses: used to cut herbs    or trim vegetables
   Type: cutting tool   Uses: shred or grates    foods such as cheese    and cabbage
   Type: Other   Uses: Used to suction    juices from meat or    poultry for basting
   Type: Other   Uses: used to separate    liquids from solids
   Type: baking tool   Uses: used to blend    shortening with flour    when making pastries
   Type: mixing tool   Uses: used to    beat, blend and    incorporate egg into    foods
   Type: other   Uses: used for dipping    and pouring    sauces, soups, gravy, e    tc.
   Type: measuring tool   Uses: used to measure    dry ingredients like    flour, sugar, etc.
   Type: Thermometer   Uses: used to measure    the internal    temperature of    cooking foods
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8 knivesandhandtools

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8 knivesandhandtools

  1. 1. Chapter 8
  2. 2.  The knife is the chef’s most important tool Knives are usually made from one of three types of metals  1. carbon steel- has been used for hundreds of years, easiest to sharpen, will rust if left wet  2. stainless steel- doesn’t rust or discolor, difficult to sharpen  3. high carbon stainless steel- most good quality professional knives made of this, easy to sharpen, do not discolor
  3. 3. Tang Bolster Spine Tip HeelRivets Cutting edge
  4. 4.  Chef knife  Most used knife, used for chopping, slicing,
  5. 5.  Utility knife- smaller version of chef knife, more flexible blade, not wide enough for chopping
  6. 6.  Paring knife- used to cut away skin or peel, also useful for garnishes
  7. 7.  Serrated slicer (bread knife)- slices breads and pastries without crumbling or flattening them
  8. 8.  Cleaver- used for chopping, heavy cleavers can chop through bones when used by butchers
  9. 9.  Wooden cutting boards and butcher blocks are less likely to allow bacteria growth than plastic or synthetic boards Matter of preference Synthetic are much cheaper Colored boards
  10. 10.  A dull knife is more dangerous than a sharp knife There are two ways to sharpen a knife Steel- a rod used to keep a knife sharp while working Whetstone- an abrasive stone used to sharpen the knife after it’s already dull
  11. 11. Small Equipment
  12. 12.  Type: Measuring Uses: Used to measure solid and liquid ingredients
  13. 13.  Type: Mixing Uses: Used to mix ingredients
  14. 14.  Type: cooking and serving Uses: to move and transfer foods
  15. 15.  Type: preparation, cutting Uses: peels skin off vegetables and fruits
  16. 16.  Type: baking tool Uses: spread cake icing, level ingredients in measuring cups
  17. 17.  Type: mixing tools Uses: removes pieces of foods from liquids
  18. 18.  Type: measuring tool Uses: used to measure liquid ingredients
  19. 19.  Type: mixing tool Uses: incorporates air into foods
  20. 20.  Type: Cutting Uses: Cuts, slices, and chops
  21. 21.  Type: baking tool Uses: used to blend dry ingredients or remove lumps
  22. 22.  Type: baking tool Uses: rolls out dough and pastries
  23. 23.  Type: Cutting tool Uses: used to cut herbs or trim vegetables
  24. 24.  Type: cutting tool Uses: shred or grates foods such as cheese and cabbage
  25. 25.  Type: Other Uses: Used to suction juices from meat or poultry for basting
  26. 26.  Type: Other Uses: used to separate liquids from solids
  27. 27.  Type: baking tool Uses: used to blend shortening with flour when making pastries
  28. 28.  Type: mixing tool Uses: used to beat, blend and incorporate egg into foods
  29. 29.  Type: other Uses: used for dipping and pouring sauces, soups, gravy, e tc.
  30. 30.  Type: measuring tool Uses: used to measure dry ingredients like flour, sugar, etc.
  31. 31.  Type: Thermometer Uses: used to measure the internal temperature of cooking foods

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